You are what you eat: relative importance of diet, gut microbiota and nestmates for honey bee, Apis mellifera, worker health View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-03-15

AUTHORS

Gina Retschnig, Johannes Rich, Karl Crailsheim, Judith Pfister, Vincent Perreten, Peter Neumann

ABSTRACT

In eusocial honey bees, Apis mellifera, diet, gut microbiota and nestmates can all contribute to the health of freshly emerged individual workers, but their relative importance for longevity and body weight is currently unknown. Here, we show that diet is most relevant, followed by gut microbiota and the presence of nestmates. Freshly emerged workers were randomly assigned to eight treatments (with or without honey/pollen, protein-substitute lactalbumin, antibiotic tetracycline and nestmates for 24 h) and maintained under standardised laboratory conditions. Longevity and food consumption were measured daily and fresh body weight was assessed at day 7. The data show a significantly better survival and a higher body weight in workers supplied with honey/pollen. Survival was higher in the lactalbumin treatments compared to the ones restricted to sucrose only, but lower compared to those with honey/pollen, highlighting the importance of micronutrients. In contrast, antibiotic treatment had a significant negative effect on longevity and body weight, which may be explained by inactivated gut microbiota and/or toxicity of the antibiotics. There was no positive effect of nestmates, probably due to the short exposure period. In contrast, nestmates showed a negative effect on survival in antibiotic-treated workers, possibly by transmitting pathogens and antibiotic-induced gut dysbiosis. In conclusion, a macro- and micronutrient-rich diet appears to be the key to individual honey bee worker health. Providing an optimal diet and possibly gut microbiota appears to be a promising way to promote managed A. mellifera health. More... »

PAGES

632-646

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13592-021-00851-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13592-021-00851-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136418176


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0608", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Zoology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Bee Health, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003, Bern, Switzerland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5734.5", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Bee Health, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003, Bern, Switzerland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Retschnig", 
        "givenName": "Gina", 
        "id": "sg:person.01124307772.04", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01124307772.04"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Bee Health, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003, Bern, Switzerland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5734.5", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Bee Health, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003, Bern, Switzerland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rich", 
        "givenName": "Johannes", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Biology, University of Graz, Universit\u00e4tsplatz 2, 8010, Graz, Austria", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5110.5", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Biology, University of Graz, Universit\u00e4tsplatz 2, 8010, Graz, Austria"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Crailsheim", 
        "givenName": "Karl", 
        "id": "sg:person.01366315645.25", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01366315645.25"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Bee Health, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003, Bern, Switzerland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5734.5", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Bee Health, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003, Bern, Switzerland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Pfister", 
        "givenName": "Judith", 
        "id": "sg:person.012731617003.74", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012731617003.74"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, L\u00e4nggassstrasse 122, 3012, Bern, Switzerland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5734.5", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, L\u00e4nggassstrasse 122, 3012, Bern, Switzerland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Perreten", 
        "givenName": "Vincent", 
        "id": "sg:person.0615072076.88", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0615072076.88"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Agroscope, Swiss Bee Research Centre, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003, Bern, Switzerland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417771.3", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Bee Health, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003, Bern, Switzerland", 
            "Agroscope, Swiss Bee Research Centre, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003, Bern, Switzerland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Neumann", 
        "givenName": "Peter", 
        "id": "sg:person.0720743323.06", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0720743323.06"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1051/apido/2009065", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007304847", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1051/apido/2009065"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13592-020-00770-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1127456784", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13592-020-00770-5"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1051/apido:19990601", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038817704", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1051/apido:19990601"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1051/apido:19980107", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037449866", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1051/apido:19980107"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-44207-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1116550143", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-44207-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1051/apido/2010012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056950440", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1051/apido/2010012"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-15358-w", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092504189", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-15358-w"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00258746", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039586675", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00258746"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s003600050221", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042706580", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s003600050221"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-213x-6-17", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025999506", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-213x-6-17"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2021-03-15", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2021-03-15", 
    "description": "In eusocial honey bees, Apis mellifera, diet, gut microbiota and nestmates can all contribute to the health of freshly emerged individual workers, but their relative importance for longevity and body weight is currently unknown. Here, we show that diet is most relevant, followed by gut microbiota and the presence of nestmates. Freshly emerged workers were randomly assigned to eight treatments (with or without honey/pollen, protein-substitute lactalbumin, antibiotic tetracycline and nestmates for 24 h) and maintained under standardised laboratory conditions. Longevity and food consumption were measured daily and fresh body weight was assessed at day 7. The data show a significantly better survival and a higher body weight in workers supplied with honey/pollen. Survival was higher in the lactalbumin treatments compared to the ones restricted to sucrose only, but lower compared to those with honey/pollen, highlighting the importance of micronutrients. In contrast, antibiotic treatment had a significant negative effect on longevity and body weight, which may be explained by inactivated gut microbiota and/or toxicity of the antibiotics. There was no positive effect of nestmates, probably due to the short exposure period. In contrast, nestmates showed a negative effect on survival in antibiotic-treated workers, possibly by transmitting pathogens and antibiotic-induced gut dysbiosis. In conclusion, a macro- and micronutrient-rich diet appears to be the key to individual honey bee worker health. Providing an optimal diet and possibly gut microbiota appears to be a promising way to promote managed A. mellifera health.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13592-021-00851-z", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1023209", 
        "issn": [
          "0044-8435", 
          "1297-9678"
        ], 
        "name": "Apidologie", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "52"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "gut microbiota", 
      "body weight", 
      "workers' health", 
      "micronutrient-rich diets", 
      "importance of micronutrients", 
      "higher body weight", 
      "gut dysbiosis", 
      "antibiotic treatment", 
      "better survival", 
      "day 7", 
      "diet", 
      "food consumption", 
      "microbiota", 
      "survival", 
      "optimal diet", 
      "treatment", 
      "health", 
      "exposure period", 
      "fresh body weight", 
      "short exposure periods", 
      "dysbiosis", 
      "weight", 
      "workers", 
      "antibiotics", 
      "negative effects", 
      "effect", 
      "toxicity", 
      "longevity", 
      "conclusion", 
      "contrast", 
      "positive effect", 
      "pathogens", 
      "micronutrients", 
      "Apis mellifera", 
      "presence of nestmates", 
      "period", 
      "importance", 
      "significant negative effect", 
      "individual workers", 
      "presence", 
      "relative importance", 
      "data", 
      "eusocial honey bees", 
      "consumption", 
      "honey bees", 
      "pollen", 
      "mellifera", 
      "conditions", 
      "laboratory conditions", 
      "macro", 
      "standardised laboratory conditions", 
      "promising way", 
      "bees", 
      "nestmates", 
      "one", 
      "way", 
      "key"
    ], 
    "name": "You are what you eat: relative importance of diet, gut microbiota and nestmates for honey bee, Apis mellifera, worker health", 
    "pagination": "632-646", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1136418176"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s13592-021-00851-z"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13592-021-00851-z", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136418176"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-12-01T06:42", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_905.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13592-021-00851-z"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13592-021-00851-z'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13592-021-00851-z'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13592-021-00851-z'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13592-021-00851-z'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

197 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      91 URIs      73 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s13592-021-00851-z schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0608
3 schema:author N3f083b1747664178aaab21c0e4b54d35
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00258746
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s003600050221
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s13592-020-00770-5
7 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-15358-w
8 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-44207-1
9 sg:pub.10.1051/apido/2009065
10 sg:pub.10.1051/apido/2010012
11 sg:pub.10.1051/apido:19980107
12 sg:pub.10.1051/apido:19990601
13 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-213x-6-17
14 schema:datePublished 2021-03-15
15 schema:datePublishedReg 2021-03-15
16 schema:description In eusocial honey bees, Apis mellifera, diet, gut microbiota and nestmates can all contribute to the health of freshly emerged individual workers, but their relative importance for longevity and body weight is currently unknown. Here, we show that diet is most relevant, followed by gut microbiota and the presence of nestmates. Freshly emerged workers were randomly assigned to eight treatments (with or without honey/pollen, protein-substitute lactalbumin, antibiotic tetracycline and nestmates for 24 h) and maintained under standardised laboratory conditions. Longevity and food consumption were measured daily and fresh body weight was assessed at day 7. The data show a significantly better survival and a higher body weight in workers supplied with honey/pollen. Survival was higher in the lactalbumin treatments compared to the ones restricted to sucrose only, but lower compared to those with honey/pollen, highlighting the importance of micronutrients. In contrast, antibiotic treatment had a significant negative effect on longevity and body weight, which may be explained by inactivated gut microbiota and/or toxicity of the antibiotics. There was no positive effect of nestmates, probably due to the short exposure period. In contrast, nestmates showed a negative effect on survival in antibiotic-treated workers, possibly by transmitting pathogens and antibiotic-induced gut dysbiosis. In conclusion, a macro- and micronutrient-rich diet appears to be the key to individual honey bee worker health. Providing an optimal diet and possibly gut microbiota appears to be a promising way to promote managed A. mellifera health.
17 schema:genre article
18 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
19 schema:isPartOf N42ba349363ca4f80bce6e7aafb8408b8
20 Ndbabc93c42b04083b48cbe4b2dc242f2
21 sg:journal.1023209
22 schema:keywords Apis mellifera
23 antibiotic treatment
24 antibiotics
25 bees
26 better survival
27 body weight
28 conclusion
29 conditions
30 consumption
31 contrast
32 data
33 day 7
34 diet
35 dysbiosis
36 effect
37 eusocial honey bees
38 exposure period
39 food consumption
40 fresh body weight
41 gut dysbiosis
42 gut microbiota
43 health
44 higher body weight
45 honey bees
46 importance
47 importance of micronutrients
48 individual workers
49 key
50 laboratory conditions
51 longevity
52 macro
53 mellifera
54 microbiota
55 micronutrient-rich diets
56 micronutrients
57 negative effects
58 nestmates
59 one
60 optimal diet
61 pathogens
62 period
63 pollen
64 positive effect
65 presence
66 presence of nestmates
67 promising way
68 relative importance
69 short exposure periods
70 significant negative effect
71 standardised laboratory conditions
72 survival
73 toxicity
74 treatment
75 way
76 weight
77 workers
78 workers' health
79 schema:name You are what you eat: relative importance of diet, gut microbiota and nestmates for honey bee, Apis mellifera, worker health
80 schema:pagination 632-646
81 schema:productId Nbae9d1179f374162bc3ce993f5c2a68e
82 Nd9f670f693664492ae12ee7b3b58da95
83 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136418176
84 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13592-021-00851-z
85 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-12-01T06:42
86 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
87 schema:sdPublisher Ne49924000ca54815a42f72dc210ff907
88 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s13592-021-00851-z
89 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
90 sgo:sdDataset articles
91 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
92 N1deadc2938494ab2b96398867e6c7a66 rdf:first N7911d7eae87d435ab62ce6f1a6e638f9
93 rdf:rest Ndb89b73c898449adb798f22df7e66075
94 N3f083b1747664178aaab21c0e4b54d35 rdf:first sg:person.01124307772.04
95 rdf:rest N1deadc2938494ab2b96398867e6c7a66
96 N42ba349363ca4f80bce6e7aafb8408b8 schema:issueNumber 3
97 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
98 N7911d7eae87d435ab62ce6f1a6e638f9 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.5734.5
99 schema:familyName Rich
100 schema:givenName Johannes
101 rdf:type schema:Person
102 Nbae9d1179f374162bc3ce993f5c2a68e schema:name dimensions_id
103 schema:value pub.1136418176
104 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
105 Nd9f670f693664492ae12ee7b3b58da95 schema:name doi
106 schema:value 10.1007/s13592-021-00851-z
107 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
108 Ndb89b73c898449adb798f22df7e66075 rdf:first sg:person.01366315645.25
109 rdf:rest Ndbc881944f5446b0845d1ba2901fd383
110 Ndbabc93c42b04083b48cbe4b2dc242f2 schema:volumeNumber 52
111 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
112 Ndbc881944f5446b0845d1ba2901fd383 rdf:first sg:person.012731617003.74
113 rdf:rest Ne2098e2639f84a88884c821f94638968
114 Ne2098e2639f84a88884c821f94638968 rdf:first sg:person.0615072076.88
115 rdf:rest Necd19ccccb5a4348b5b0ad8ab7ed5f2e
116 Ne49924000ca54815a42f72dc210ff907 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
117 rdf:type schema:Organization
118 Necd19ccccb5a4348b5b0ad8ab7ed5f2e rdf:first sg:person.0720743323.06
119 rdf:rest rdf:nil
120 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
121 schema:name Biological Sciences
122 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
123 anzsrc-for:0608 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
124 schema:name Zoology
125 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
126 sg:journal.1023209 schema:issn 0044-8435
127 1297-9678
128 schema:name Apidologie
129 schema:publisher Springer Nature
130 rdf:type schema:Periodical
131 sg:person.01124307772.04 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.5734.5
132 schema:familyName Retschnig
133 schema:givenName Gina
134 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01124307772.04
135 rdf:type schema:Person
136 sg:person.012731617003.74 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.5734.5
137 schema:familyName Pfister
138 schema:givenName Judith
139 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012731617003.74
140 rdf:type schema:Person
141 sg:person.01366315645.25 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.5110.5
142 schema:familyName Crailsheim
143 schema:givenName Karl
144 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01366315645.25
145 rdf:type schema:Person
146 sg:person.0615072076.88 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.5734.5
147 schema:familyName Perreten
148 schema:givenName Vincent
149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0615072076.88
150 rdf:type schema:Person
151 sg:person.0720743323.06 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.417771.3
152 schema:familyName Neumann
153 schema:givenName Peter
154 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0720743323.06
155 rdf:type schema:Person
156 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00258746 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039586675
157 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00258746
158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
159 sg:pub.10.1007/s003600050221 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042706580
160 https://doi.org/10.1007/s003600050221
161 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
162 sg:pub.10.1007/s13592-020-00770-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1127456784
163 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13592-020-00770-5
164 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
165 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-15358-w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092504189
166 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-15358-w
167 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
168 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-44207-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1116550143
169 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-44207-1
170 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
171 sg:pub.10.1051/apido/2009065 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007304847
172 https://doi.org/10.1051/apido/2009065
173 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
174 sg:pub.10.1051/apido/2010012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056950440
175 https://doi.org/10.1051/apido/2010012
176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
177 sg:pub.10.1051/apido:19980107 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037449866
178 https://doi.org/10.1051/apido:19980107
179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
180 sg:pub.10.1051/apido:19990601 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038817704
181 https://doi.org/10.1051/apido:19990601
182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
183 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-213x-6-17 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025999506
184 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-213x-6-17
185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
186 grid-institutes:grid.417771.3 schema:alternateName Agroscope, Swiss Bee Research Centre, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003, Bern, Switzerland
187 schema:name Agroscope, Swiss Bee Research Centre, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003, Bern, Switzerland
188 Institute of Bee Health, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003, Bern, Switzerland
189 rdf:type schema:Organization
190 grid-institutes:grid.5110.5 schema:alternateName Institute of Biology, University of Graz, Universitätsplatz 2, 8010, Graz, Austria
191 schema:name Institute of Biology, University of Graz, Universitätsplatz 2, 8010, Graz, Austria
192 rdf:type schema:Organization
193 grid-institutes:grid.5734.5 schema:alternateName Institute of Bee Health, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003, Bern, Switzerland
194 Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Länggassstrasse 122, 3012, Bern, Switzerland
195 schema:name Institute of Bee Health, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003, Bern, Switzerland
196 Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Länggassstrasse 122, 3012, Bern, Switzerland
197 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...