A survivor population of wild colonies of European honeybees in the northeastern United States: investigating its genetic structure View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-03-05

AUTHORS

Thomas D. Seeley, David R. Tarpy, Sean R. Griffin, Angela Carcione, Deborah A. Delaney

ABSTRACT

There is a widespread belief that wild colonies of European honeybees have been eradicated in Europe and North America, killed by viruses spread by the introduced ectoparasitic mite, Varroa destructor. In reality, however, several populations of wild colonies of honeybees in Europe and North America are persisting despite exposure to Varroa. To help understand how this is happening, we tested whether the bees in one of these populations of wild colonies—those living in and around the Arnot Forest (NY, USA)—are genetically distinct from the bees in the nearest managed colonies. We found that the Arnot Forest honeybees are genetically distinct from the honeybees in the two apiaries within 6 km of the forest. Evidently, the population of Arnot Forest honeybees is not supported by a heavy influx of swarms from the nearest managed colonies, which implies that it is self-sustaining. These results suggest that if a closed population of honeybee colonies is allowed to live naturally, it will develop a balanced relationship with its agents of disease. Indeed, it is likely to become well adapted to its local environment as a whole. We suggest four ways to modify beekeeping practices to help honeybees live in greater health. More... »

PAGES

654-666

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2015-04-01. Crowding honeybee colonies in apiaries can increase their vulnerability to the deadly ectoparasite Varroa destructor in APIDOLOGIE
  • 2005-07. Three mechanisms of queen elimination in swarming honey bee colonies in APIDOLOGIE
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  • 1995. Population growth of Varroa jacobsoni Oud in Mediterranean climates of California in APIDOLOGIE
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  • 2010-03-29. Breeding for resistance to Varroa destructor in Europe in APIDOLOGIE
  • 1985. UNTERSUCHUNGEN ZUR QUANTITATIVEN ABSCHÄTZUNG DES BEFALLS VON BIENENVÖLKERN MIT VARROA JACOBSONI OUDEMANS UND ZUR VERTEILUNG DES PARASITEN IM BIENENVOLK in APIDOLOGIE
  • 1972. UNTERSUCHUNGEN ÜBER DIE FLUGAKTIVITÄT UND DAS PAARUNGSVERHALTEN DER DROHNEN. V. - DROHNENSAMMELPLÄTZE UND PAARUNGSDISTANZ in APIDOLOGIE
  • 2010-04-16. Breeding for resistance to Varroa destructor in North America in APIDOLOGIE
  • 2007-02-01. The size of wild honeybee populations (Apis mellifera) and its implications for the conservation of honeybees in JOURNAL OF INSECT CONSERVATION
  • 1976-12. The nest of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) in INSECTES SOCIAUX
  • 1990. Preference for drone brood cells by Varroa jacobsoni Oud in colonies of Apis mellifera carnica in APIDOLOGIE
  • 2006-06-29. Survival of mite infested (Varroa destructor) honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies in a Nordic climate in APIDOLOGIE
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13592-015-0355-0

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