The effect of mechanical or electrical stimulation on apnea length in mice View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-08

AUTHORS

Samer Bou Jawde, Alexandra Scheuermann, Erzsébet Bartolák-Suki, Béla Suki

ABSTRACT

Premature birth is a leading cause of infant mortality which is often attributed to irregular breathing and apnea of prematurity. A common treatment for apnea is caffeine to stimulate the brain's respiratory center. However, caffeine's long term effect on infant development is not fully comprehended. We hypothesized that noninvasive localized body stimulation regularizes breathing pattern. We investigated the impact of electrical or mechanical stimulation on breathing in mice. After the mice were ventilated for 28 s to induce apnea, mice were taken off the ventilator while receiving mechanical, electrical, or no stimulation in a randomized order. Both stimuli targeted the diaphragm area through a custom-built belt with vibrating motors or adhesive electrodes. After each apnea cycle, the time to take the first breath (T) was recorded. The electrical stimulation given at 4.5, 8.3, 16.7 V (pulse rate = 3 Hz, pulse width = 120 μs) showed no reduction in T. Electrical stimulation at pulse rates of 10 or 20 Hz (16.7 V, pulse width 260 μs) showed a detrimental effect increasing T by ~ 7% compared to control values (p = 0.005, p = 0.038 respectively). High and medium intensity mechanical stimulations significantly reduced T by 11.74 (p < 10-13) and by 17.08% (p < 10-8), respectively. Further reducing the amplitude of vibrations did not affect T. When the probe was attached to the ankles, only the high intensity vibrations resulted in a decrease in T (p < 10-13). Mechanical vibrations, applied at various intensities and locations, could be used to treat irregular breathing and apnea in infants. More... »

PAGES

329-335

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2011-09. Apnea of prematurity: from cause to treatment in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13534-018-0076-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13534-018-0076-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105225825

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30603217


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