Biodiesel synthesis from neem oil using neem seeds residue as sustainable catalyst support View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2021-08-06

AUTHORS

Abrar Inayat, Farrukh Jamil, Chaouki Ghenai, Mohammed Kamil, Awais Bokhari, Ammara Waris, Sikander Rafiq, Shahzad Khurram

ABSTRACT

Neem seed oil is a possible option that can be used in biodiesel production. Moreover, the residue from neem tree seeds can help synthesize a catalyst for biodiesel production. This offers a different utility of the residue other than incineration or disposal. It provides opportunities for better use of the planet’s resources and helps tackle the current century’s energy problems. Current research has focused on the synthesis and characterization of potassium hydroxide catalyst supported with activated carbon derived from waste neem seeds post-oil extraction. In these instances, different catalyst types are introduced for the transesterification of neem oil for biodiesel production. It observed that biodiesel production’s optimum conditions, a yield of biodiesel 93.9%, are 65 °C temperature, 120 min of reaction time, 9:1 methanol to oil ratio, and NC2 catalyst. Furthermore, when measured, the biodiesel’s main properties were produced to meet the American Society for Testing and Material (ASTM) and European (EN) standards. This study proposes that potassium hydroxide (KOH) supported by activated carbon derived from neem seed residue is an effective catalyst for transesterification of local neem seed oil to produce biodiesel as a potential alternative fuel. More... »

PAGES

1-6

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2014-09-07. Overview of the challenges in the production of biodiesel in BIOMASS CONVERSION AND BIOREFINERY
  • 2019-06-03. Lignocellulosic biofuel production: review of alternatives in BIOMASS CONVERSION AND BIOREFINERY
  • 2017-02-21. Enzymatic Biodiesel Production from Manilkara Zapota (L.) Seed Oil in WASTE AND BIOMASS VALORIZATION
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13399-021-01807-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13399-021-01807-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1140215790


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0907", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Environmental Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Biomass & Bioenergy Research Group, Center for Sustainable Energy and Power Systems Research, Research Institute of Sciences and Engineering, University of Sharjah, 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412789.1", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of Sharjah, 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates", 
                "Biomass & Bioenergy Research Group, Center for Sustainable Energy and Power Systems Research, Research Institute of Sciences and Engineering, University of Sharjah, 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Inayat", 
            "givenName": "Abrar", 
            "id": "sg:person.016014112161.13", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016014112161.13"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Chemical Engineering, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Lahore, Pakistan", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418920.6", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Chemical Engineering, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Lahore, Pakistan"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Jamil", 
            "givenName": "Farrukh", 
            "id": "sg:person.07630331511.17", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07630331511.17"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Biomass & Bioenergy Research Group, Center for Sustainable Energy and Power Systems Research, Research Institute of Sciences and Engineering, University of Sharjah, 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412789.1", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of Sharjah, 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates", 
                "Biomass & Bioenergy Research Group, Center for Sustainable Energy and Power Systems Research, Research Institute of Sciences and Engineering, University of Sharjah, 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ghenai", 
            "givenName": "Chaouki", 
            "id": "sg:person.07601504223.13", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07601504223.13"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Biomass & Bioenergy Research Group, Center for Sustainable Energy and Power Systems Research, Research Institute of Sciences and Engineering, University of Sharjah, 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412789.1", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, University of Sharjah, 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates", 
                "Biomass & Bioenergy Research Group, Center for Sustainable Energy and Power Systems Research, Research Institute of Sciences and Engineering, University of Sharjah, 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kamil", 
            "givenName": "Mohammed", 
            "id": "sg:person.012054444135.16", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012054444135.16"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Sustainable Process Integration Laboratory - SPIL, NETME Centre, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology- VUT Brno, Technick\u00e1 2896/2, 616 69, Brno, Czech Republic", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4994.0", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Chemical Engineering, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Lahore, Pakistan", 
                "Sustainable Process Integration Laboratory - SPIL, NETME Centre, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology- VUT Brno, Technick\u00e1 2896/2, 616 69, Brno, Czech Republic"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Bokhari", 
            "givenName": "Awais", 
            "id": "sg:person.01072556230.59", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01072556230.59"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.444924.b", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Waris", 
            "givenName": "Ammara", 
            "id": "sg:person.015760120234.95", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015760120234.95"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, KSK Campus, Lahore, Pakistan", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.444938.6", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, KSK Campus, Lahore, Pakistan"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Rafiq", 
            "givenName": "Sikander", 
            "id": "sg:person.014377752613.41", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014377752613.41"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Chemical Engineering, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Lahore, Pakistan", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418920.6", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Chemical Engineering, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Lahore, Pakistan"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Khurram", 
            "givenName": "Shahzad", 
            "id": "sg:person.014077117733.78", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014077117733.78"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13399-014-0146-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040537288", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-014-0146-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13399-019-00445-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1116483029", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-019-00445-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12649-017-9854-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083909806", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-017-9854-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2021-08-06", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2021-08-06", 
        "description": "Neem seed oil is a possible option that can be used in biodiesel production. Moreover, the residue from neem tree seeds can help synthesize a catalyst for biodiesel production. This offers a different utility of the residue other than incineration or disposal. It provides opportunities for better use of the planet\u2019s resources and helps tackle the current century\u2019s energy problems. Current research has focused on the synthesis and characterization of potassium hydroxide catalyst supported with activated carbon derived from waste neem seeds post-oil extraction. In these instances, different catalyst types are introduced for the transesterification of neem oil for biodiesel production. It observed that biodiesel production\u2019s optimum conditions, a yield of biodiesel 93.9%, are 65\u00a0\u00b0C temperature, 120\u00a0min of reaction time, 9:1 methanol to oil ratio, and NC2 catalyst. Furthermore, when measured, the biodiesel\u2019s main properties were produced to meet the American Society for Testing and Material (ASTM) and European (EN) standards. This study proposes that potassium hydroxide (KOH) supported by activated carbon derived from neem seed residue is an effective catalyst for transesterification of local neem seed oil to produce biodiesel as a potential alternative fuel.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13399-021-01807-0", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1136841", 
            "issn": [
              "2190-6815", 
              "2190-6823"
            ], 
            "name": "Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "biodiesel production", 
          "potential alternative fuel", 
          "optimum conditions", 
          "energy problems", 
          "different catalyst types", 
          "alternative fuels", 
          "potassium hydroxide catalyst", 
          "oil ratio", 
          "activated carbon", 
          "catalyst support", 
          "biodiesel synthesis", 
          "catalyst type", 
          "main properties", 
          "hydroxide catalyst", 
          "European standards", 
          "oil", 
          "potassium hydroxide", 
          "neem seed oil", 
          "neem oil", 
          "catalyst", 
          "transesterification", 
          "seed oil", 
          "incineration", 
          "fuel", 
          "biodiesel", 
          "different utilities", 
          "carbon", 
          "effective catalyst", 
          "reaction time", 
          "possible options", 
          "temperature", 
          "seed residue", 
          "materials", 
          "disposal", 
          "hydroxide", 
          "planet's resources", 
          "properties", 
          "better use", 
          "extraction", 
          "current research", 
          "production", 
          "conditions", 
          "characterization", 
          "methanol", 
          "ratio", 
          "testing", 
          "neem seeds", 
          "problem", 
          "synthesis", 
          "time", 
          "min", 
          "resources", 
          "standards", 
          "use", 
          "yield", 
          "types", 
          "research", 
          "study", 
          "options", 
          "utility", 
          "tree seeds", 
          "instances", 
          "residues", 
          "opportunities", 
          "support", 
          "American Society", 
          "seeds", 
          "society", 
          "neem tree seeds", 
          "current century\u2019s energy problems", 
          "century\u2019s energy problems", 
          "waste neem seeds post-oil extraction", 
          "neem seeds post-oil extraction", 
          "seeds post-oil extraction", 
          "post-oil extraction", 
          "biodiesel production\u2019s optimum conditions", 
          "production\u2019s optimum conditions", 
          "biodiesel 93.9", 
          "NC2 catalyst", 
          "biodiesel\u2019s main properties", 
          "neem seed residue", 
          "local neem seed oil", 
          "sustainable catalyst support"
        ], 
        "name": "Biodiesel synthesis from neem oil using neem seeds residue as sustainable catalyst support", 
        "pagination": "1-6", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1140215790"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s13399-021-01807-0"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-021-01807-0", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1140215790"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T19:01", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_897.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-021-01807-0"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13399-021-01807-0'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13399-021-01807-0'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13399-021-01807-0'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13399-021-01807-0'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    211 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      109 URIs      98 LITERALS      4 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s13399-021-01807-0 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0907
    3 schema:author N499aee16fe414b4d9b37b9cb2c597848
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s12649-017-9854-8
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s13399-014-0146-2
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s13399-019-00445-x
    7 schema:datePublished 2021-08-06
    8 schema:datePublishedReg 2021-08-06
    9 schema:description Neem seed oil is a possible option that can be used in biodiesel production. Moreover, the residue from neem tree seeds can help synthesize a catalyst for biodiesel production. This offers a different utility of the residue other than incineration or disposal. It provides opportunities for better use of the planet’s resources and helps tackle the current century’s energy problems. Current research has focused on the synthesis and characterization of potassium hydroxide catalyst supported with activated carbon derived from waste neem seeds post-oil extraction. In these instances, different catalyst types are introduced for the transesterification of neem oil for biodiesel production. It observed that biodiesel production’s optimum conditions, a yield of biodiesel 93.9%, are 65 °C temperature, 120 min of reaction time, 9:1 methanol to oil ratio, and NC2 catalyst. Furthermore, when measured, the biodiesel’s main properties were produced to meet the American Society for Testing and Material (ASTM) and European (EN) standards. This study proposes that potassium hydroxide (KOH) supported by activated carbon derived from neem seed residue is an effective catalyst for transesterification of local neem seed oil to produce biodiesel as a potential alternative fuel.
    10 schema:genre article
    11 schema:inLanguage en
    12 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    13 schema:isPartOf sg:journal.1136841
    14 schema:keywords American Society
    15 European standards
    16 NC2 catalyst
    17 activated carbon
    18 alternative fuels
    19 better use
    20 biodiesel
    21 biodiesel 93.9
    22 biodiesel production
    23 biodiesel production’s optimum conditions
    24 biodiesel synthesis
    25 biodiesel’s main properties
    26 carbon
    27 catalyst
    28 catalyst support
    29 catalyst type
    30 century’s energy problems
    31 characterization
    32 conditions
    33 current century’s energy problems
    34 current research
    35 different catalyst types
    36 different utilities
    37 disposal
    38 effective catalyst
    39 energy problems
    40 extraction
    41 fuel
    42 hydroxide
    43 hydroxide catalyst
    44 incineration
    45 instances
    46 local neem seed oil
    47 main properties
    48 materials
    49 methanol
    50 min
    51 neem oil
    52 neem seed oil
    53 neem seed residue
    54 neem seeds
    55 neem seeds post-oil extraction
    56 neem tree seeds
    57 oil
    58 oil ratio
    59 opportunities
    60 optimum conditions
    61 options
    62 planet's resources
    63 possible options
    64 post-oil extraction
    65 potassium hydroxide
    66 potassium hydroxide catalyst
    67 potential alternative fuel
    68 problem
    69 production
    70 production’s optimum conditions
    71 properties
    72 ratio
    73 reaction time
    74 research
    75 residues
    76 resources
    77 seed oil
    78 seed residue
    79 seeds
    80 seeds post-oil extraction
    81 society
    82 standards
    83 study
    84 support
    85 sustainable catalyst support
    86 synthesis
    87 temperature
    88 testing
    89 time
    90 transesterification
    91 tree seeds
    92 types
    93 use
    94 utility
    95 waste neem seeds post-oil extraction
    96 yield
    97 schema:name Biodiesel synthesis from neem oil using neem seeds residue as sustainable catalyst support
    98 schema:pagination 1-6
    99 schema:productId N58936b4077594a058f71e0d2f65fb292
    100 N7da2f78ba5f04790a5d7fdeac8e19719
    101 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1140215790
    102 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-021-01807-0
    103 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T19:01
    104 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    105 schema:sdPublisher N6727dd5fb89847ab8d5a7482fd4d09c8
    106 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-021-01807-0
    107 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    108 sgo:sdDataset articles
    109 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    110 N36e521ff19e04fa58e4da8a5873be72b rdf:first sg:person.014377752613.41
    111 rdf:rest Nbad25a8b7fc6445e8acd02f54b193a2b
    112 N46375239288644c3ab027344ae831cc9 rdf:first sg:person.012054444135.16
    113 rdf:rest N7c6fba66a9ce452b8bcfdc47674336a6
    114 N499aee16fe414b4d9b37b9cb2c597848 rdf:first sg:person.016014112161.13
    115 rdf:rest Nba56cafbb9034acc9a7d5cce283d8206
    116 N58936b4077594a058f71e0d2f65fb292 schema:name dimensions_id
    117 schema:value pub.1140215790
    118 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    119 N6727dd5fb89847ab8d5a7482fd4d09c8 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    120 rdf:type schema:Organization
    121 N7c6fba66a9ce452b8bcfdc47674336a6 rdf:first sg:person.01072556230.59
    122 rdf:rest Nb0a68cd42d154f05b59ff963b4119fb4
    123 N7da2f78ba5f04790a5d7fdeac8e19719 schema:name doi
    124 schema:value 10.1007/s13399-021-01807-0
    125 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    126 N93848971457d41c9bc02bd7ef87fab83 rdf:first sg:person.07601504223.13
    127 rdf:rest N46375239288644c3ab027344ae831cc9
    128 Nb0a68cd42d154f05b59ff963b4119fb4 rdf:first sg:person.015760120234.95
    129 rdf:rest N36e521ff19e04fa58e4da8a5873be72b
    130 Nba56cafbb9034acc9a7d5cce283d8206 rdf:first sg:person.07630331511.17
    131 rdf:rest N93848971457d41c9bc02bd7ef87fab83
    132 Nbad25a8b7fc6445e8acd02f54b193a2b rdf:first sg:person.014077117733.78
    133 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    134 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    135 schema:name Engineering
    136 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    137 anzsrc-for:0907 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    138 schema:name Environmental Engineering
    139 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    140 sg:journal.1136841 schema:issn 2190-6815
    141 2190-6823
    142 schema:name Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery
    143 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    144 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    145 sg:person.01072556230.59 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4994.0
    146 schema:familyName Bokhari
    147 schema:givenName Awais
    148 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01072556230.59
    149 rdf:type schema:Person
    150 sg:person.012054444135.16 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412789.1
    151 schema:familyName Kamil
    152 schema:givenName Mohammed
    153 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012054444135.16
    154 rdf:type schema:Person
    155 sg:person.014077117733.78 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.418920.6
    156 schema:familyName Khurram
    157 schema:givenName Shahzad
    158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014077117733.78
    159 rdf:type schema:Person
    160 sg:person.014377752613.41 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.444938.6
    161 schema:familyName Rafiq
    162 schema:givenName Sikander
    163 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014377752613.41
    164 rdf:type schema:Person
    165 sg:person.015760120234.95 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.444924.b
    166 schema:familyName Waris
    167 schema:givenName Ammara
    168 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015760120234.95
    169 rdf:type schema:Person
    170 sg:person.016014112161.13 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412789.1
    171 schema:familyName Inayat
    172 schema:givenName Abrar
    173 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016014112161.13
    174 rdf:type schema:Person
    175 sg:person.07601504223.13 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412789.1
    176 schema:familyName Ghenai
    177 schema:givenName Chaouki
    178 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07601504223.13
    179 rdf:type schema:Person
    180 sg:person.07630331511.17 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.418920.6
    181 schema:familyName Jamil
    182 schema:givenName Farrukh
    183 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07630331511.17
    184 rdf:type schema:Person
    185 sg:pub.10.1007/s12649-017-9854-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083909806
    186 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-017-9854-8
    187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    188 sg:pub.10.1007/s13399-014-0146-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040537288
    189 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-014-0146-2
    190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    191 sg:pub.10.1007/s13399-019-00445-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1116483029
    192 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-019-00445-x
    193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    194 grid-institutes:grid.412789.1 schema:alternateName Biomass & Bioenergy Research Group, Center for Sustainable Energy and Power Systems Research, Research Institute of Sciences and Engineering, University of Sharjah, 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
    195 schema:name Biomass & Bioenergy Research Group, Center for Sustainable Energy and Power Systems Research, Research Institute of Sciences and Engineering, University of Sharjah, 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
    196 Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, University of Sharjah, 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
    197 Department of Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of Sharjah, 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
    198 rdf:type schema:Organization
    199 grid-institutes:grid.418920.6 schema:alternateName Department of Chemical Engineering, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Lahore, Pakistan
    200 schema:name Department of Chemical Engineering, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Lahore, Pakistan
    201 rdf:type schema:Organization
    202 grid-institutes:grid.444924.b schema:alternateName Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan
    203 schema:name Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan
    204 rdf:type schema:Organization
    205 grid-institutes:grid.444938.6 schema:alternateName Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, KSK Campus, Lahore, Pakistan
    206 schema:name Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, KSK Campus, Lahore, Pakistan
    207 rdf:type schema:Organization
    208 grid-institutes:grid.4994.0 schema:alternateName Sustainable Process Integration Laboratory - SPIL, NETME Centre, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology- VUT Brno, Technická 2896/2, 616 69, Brno, Czech Republic
    209 schema:name Department of Chemical Engineering, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Lahore, Pakistan
    210 Sustainable Process Integration Laboratory - SPIL, NETME Centre, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology- VUT Brno, Technická 2896/2, 616 69, Brno, Czech Republic
    211 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...