Rapid molecular sexing of three-spined sticklebacks, Gasterosteus aculeatus L., based on large Y-chromosomal insertions View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-05-22

AUTHORS

Theo C. M. Bakker, Thomas Giger, Joachim G. Frommen, Carlo R. Largiadèr

ABSTRACT

There is a need for rapid and reliable molecular sexing of three-spined sticklebacks, Gasterosteus aculeatus, the supermodel species for evolutionary biology. A DNA region at the 5′ end of the sex-linked microsatellite Gac4202 was sequenced for the X chromosome of six females and the Y chromosome of five males from three populations. The Y chromosome contained two large insertions, which did not recombine with the phenotype of sex in a cross of 322 individuals. Genetic variation (SNPs and indels) within the insertions was smaller than on flanking DNA sequences. Three molecular PCR-based sex tests were developed, in which the first, the second or both insertions were covered. In five European populations (from DE, CH, NL, GB) of three-spined sticklebacks, tests with both insertions combined showed two clearly separated bands on agarose minigels in males and one band in females. The tests with the separate insertions gave similar results. Thus, the new molecular sexing method gave rapid and reliable results for sexing three-spined sticklebacks and is an improvement and/or alternative to existing methods. More... »

PAGES

401-407

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13353-017-0399-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13353-017-0399-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085578185

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28534314


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