Taurine improves glucose tolerance in STZ-induced insulin-deficient diabetic mice View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-10

AUTHORS

Yuko Nakatsuru, Yuko Murase-Mishiba, Megumi Bessho-Tachibana, Jungo Terasaki, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Akihisa Imagawa

ABSTRACT

Blood glucose levels fluctuate considerably in diabetic patients with reduced secretion of endogenous insulin. We previously reported that glucagon is secreted excessively in these patients and that taurine increases glucagon secretion in vitro. Therefore, we hypothesized that glucose tolerance would further deteriorate when taurine was administered to diabetic mice incapable of insulin secretion. We generated four groups of streptozotocin (STZ)-treated C57BL/6J mice (STZ-mice): STZ-mice without taurine treatment (STZ-Con), STZ-mice treated with 0.5% (w/v) taurine (STZ-0.5% Tau), STZ-mice treated with 1% (w/v) taurine (STZ-1% Tau), and STZ-mice treated with 2% (w/v) taurine (STZ-2% Tau). Mice were treated for 4 weeks, and then, we evaluated glucose tolerance, pancreatic β-cell area and α-cell area, pancreatic insulin and glucagon content, and daily blood glucose variability. As a result, following the administration of taurine, glucose tolerance improved, both pancreatic β- and α-cell area increased, and both insulin and glucagon content increased. In the 1% taurine administration group, blood glucose variability decreased. These unexpected results suggest that taurine improves glucose tolerance, in spite of its subsequent increased glucagon production, partly by increasing pancreatic β-cells and insulin production in vivo. More... »

PAGES

234-242

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13340-018-0353-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13340-018-0353-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101626331

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30603373


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38 schema:description Blood glucose levels fluctuate considerably in diabetic patients with reduced secretion of endogenous insulin. We previously reported that glucagon is secreted excessively in these patients and that taurine increases glucagon secretion in vitro. Therefore, we hypothesized that glucose tolerance would further deteriorate when taurine was administered to diabetic mice incapable of insulin secretion. We generated four groups of streptozotocin (STZ)-treated C57BL/6J mice (STZ-mice): STZ-mice without taurine treatment (STZ-Con), STZ-mice treated with 0.5% (w/v) taurine (STZ-0.5% Tau), STZ-mice treated with 1% (w/v) taurine (STZ-1% Tau), and STZ-mice treated with 2% (w/v) taurine (STZ-2% Tau). Mice were treated for 4 weeks, and then, we evaluated glucose tolerance, pancreatic β-cell area and α-cell area, pancreatic insulin and glucagon content, and daily blood glucose variability. As a result, following the administration of taurine, glucose tolerance improved, both pancreatic β- and α-cell area increased, and both insulin and glucagon content increased. In the 1% taurine administration group, blood glucose variability decreased. These unexpected results suggest that taurine improves glucose tolerance, in spite of its subsequent increased glucagon production, partly by increasing pancreatic β-cells and insulin production in vivo.
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