Identification and characterization of resistance for Plasmodiophora brassicae race 4 in cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-08-28

AUTHORS

Yu Ning, Yong Wang, Zhiyuan Fang, Mu Zhuang, Yangyong Zhang, Honghao Lv, Yumei Liu, Zhansheng Li, Limei Yang

ABSTRACT

Cabbage is one of the most important cruciferous vegetables worldwide including China. Clubroot, caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae, occurs on most cruciferous crops and causes great yield losses. Utilization of resistant cultivar is the principal way to combat clubroot. To provide resistant sources for breeding, 102 cabbage genotypes were evaluated for seedling resistance to P. brassicae race 4, which is the predominant race in China. Results of repetitive identifications showed that Xiangan336 was highly resistant to clubroot, and four resistant genotypes including Verheul, Bindsachsener, Zhouyebai and 2358 were identified as resistant. Marker analysis suggested that Xiangan336 carried the clubroot resistance gene CRb. To clarify the infection characteristic of P. brassicae and deduce the resistance mechanism of cabbage, the infection process in Xiangan336 and Jingfeng No.1 (highly susceptible) were observed and compared. The significantly lower level of primary infection in Xiangan336 than that in Jingfeng No.1 at 4 dai (days after inoculation) indicated the early defense against P. brassicae in resistant genotype. However, the accumulated secondary plasmodia in Xiangan336 were more abundant than in Jingfeng No.1 from 7 to 21 dai and then declined significantly after 28 dai, suggesting that the clubroot-specific resistance mechanism may restrict the proliferation of P. brassicae after 28 dai. Histological observation verified that the development of P. brassicae from secondary plasmodia to resting spores was restricted within cortex cells in Xiangan336. The identified resistant genotypes will be of great value for resistance breeding and the analysis of infection process will further improve our understanding of resistance mechanism. More... »

PAGES

531-541

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1995-06. Plasmodiophora brassicae: aspects of pathogenesis and resistance inBrassica oleracea in EUPHYTICA
  • 2004-03-09. Isolate-specific and broad-spectrum QTLs are involved in the control of clubroot in Brassica oleracea in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2013-07-06. An improved culture solution technique for Plasmodiophora brassicae infection and the dynamic infection in the root hair in AUSTRALASIAN PLANT PATHOLOGY
  • 1989-07. The exploitation of genetic resources of Brassica oleracea in breeding for resistance to clubroot (Plasmodiophora brassicae) in EUPHYTICA
  • 2006-08. Colonization by two isolates of Plasmodiophora brassicae with differing pathogenicity on a clubroot-resistant cultivar of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa L. subsp. pekinensis) in JOURNAL OF GENERAL PLANT PATHOLOGY
  • 2009-04-16. Genetics of Clubroot Resistance in Brassica Species in JOURNAL OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 2009-05-08. Status and Perspectives of Clubroot Resistance Breeding in Crucifer Crops in JOURNAL OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 1993-09. Examination of resistance to clubroot in accessions of Brassica oleracea using a glasshouse seedling test in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PLANT PATHOLOGY
  • 2009-04-22. The Occurrence and Economic Impact of Plasmodiophora brassicae and Clubroot Disease in JOURNAL OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 2004-12. A sand—solution culture technique used to observe the effect of calcium and pH on root hair and cortical stages of infection by Plasmodiophora brassicae in AUSTRALASIAN PLANT PATHOLOGY
  • 2009-04-29. Life Cycle of Plasmodiophora brassicae in JOURNAL OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 2014-08-20. Cortical Colonization by Plasmodiophora brassicae in Susceptible and Resistant Cabbage Cultivars in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PLANT PATHOLOGY
  • 2010-01-13. Identification of QTLs that control clubroot resistance in Brassica oleracea and comparative analysis of clubroot resistance genes between B. rapa and B. oleracea in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2014-05-17. Fine genetic and physical mapping of the CRb gene conferring resistance to clubroot disease in Brassica rapa in MOLECULAR BREEDING
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    36 Plasmodium
    37 Verheul
    38 Xiangan336
    39 Zhouyebai
    40 analysis
    41 brassicae
    42 brassicae race 4
    43 breeding
    44 cabbage
    45 cabbage genotypes
    46 cells
    47 characterization
    48 clubroot
    49 clubroot resistance gene CRb
    50 clubroot-specific resistance mechanism
    51 combat clubroot
    52 cortex cells
    53 crops
    54 cruciferous crops
    55 cruciferous vegetables
    56 cultivars
    57 defense
    58 development
    59 early defense
    60 gene CRb
    61 genotypes
    62 great value
    63 greater yield loss
    64 histological observations
    65 identification
    66 important cruciferous vegetable
    67 infection
    68 infection process
    69 levels
    70 loss
    71 low levels
    72 marker analysis
    73 mechanism
    74 most cruciferous crops
    75 observations
    76 predominant races
    77 primary infection
    78 principal ways
    79 process
    80 proliferation
    81 race
    82 race 4
    83 repetitive identification
    84 resistance
    85 resistance breeding
    86 resistance gene CRb
    87 resistance mechanisms
    88 resistant cultivars
    89 resistant genotypes
    90 resistant sources
    91 results
    92 secondary plasmodia
    93 source
    94 spores
    95 understanding
    96 utilization
    97 values
    98 vegetables
    99 way
    100 yield loss
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