Acute Administration of the GLP-1 Receptor Agonist Lixisenatide Diminishes Postprandial Insulin Secretion in Healthy Subjects But Not in Type 2 ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-04-22

AUTHORS

Chinmay S. Marathe, Hung Pham, Tongzhi Wu, Laurence G. Trahair, Rachael S. Rigda, Madeline D. M. Buttfield, Seva Hatzinikolas, Kylie Lange, Christopher K. Rayner, Andrea Mari, Michael Horowitz, Karen L. Jones

ABSTRACT

IntroductionIt is uncertain whether lixisenatide has postprandial insulinotropic effects when its effect on slowing gastric emptying is considered, in healthy subjects and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We evaluated the effects of single administration of 10 μg sc lixisenatide on glycaemia, insulin secretion and gastric emptying (GE), measured using the ‘gold standard’ technique of scintigraphy following an oral glucose load (75 g glucose).MethodsFifteen healthy subjects (nine men, six women; age 67.2 ± 2.3 years) and 15 patients with T2DM (nine men, six women; age 61.9 ± 2.3 years) had measurements of GE, plasma glucose, insulin and C-peptide for 180 min after a radiolabeled 75 g glucose drink on two separate days. All subjects received lixisenatide (10 μg sc) or placebo in a randomised, double-blind, crossover fashion 30 min before the drink. Insulin secretory response (ISR) was determined using the C-peptide deconvolution method.ResultsGE was markedly slowed by lixisenatide compared with placebo in both healthy subjects (1.45 ± 0.10 kcal/min for placebo vs. 0.60 ± 0.14 kcal/min for lixisenatide) and diabetes (1.57 ± 0.06 kcal/min for placebo vs. 0.75 ± 0.13 kcal/min for lixisenatide) (both P < 0.001) with no difference between the two groups (P = 0.42). There was a moderate to strong inverse correlation between the early insulin secretory response calculated at 60 min and gastric retention at 60 min with lixisenatide treatment in healthy subjects (r = − 0.8, P = 0.0003) and a trend in type 2 diabetes (r = − 0.4, P = NS), compared with no relationships in the placebo arms (r = − 0.02, P = NS, healthy subjects) and (r = − 0.16, P = NS, type 2 diabetes).ConclusionThe marked slowing of GE of glucose induced by lixisenatide is associated with attenuation in the rise of postprandial glucose in both healthy subjects and diabetes and early insulin secretory response in healthy subjects.Clinical Trials Registration NumberNCT02308254. More... »

PAGES

1245-1249

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2014-11-25. Gastric emptying and glycaemia in health and diabetes mellitus in NATURE REVIEWS ENDOCRINOLOGY
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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13300-022-01258-4

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35460043


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    7 schema:description IntroductionIt is uncertain whether lixisenatide has postprandial insulinotropic effects when its effect on slowing gastric emptying is considered, in healthy subjects and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We evaluated the effects of single administration of 10 μg sc lixisenatide on glycaemia, insulin secretion and gastric emptying (GE), measured using the ‘gold standard’ technique of scintigraphy following an oral glucose load (75 g glucose).MethodsFifteen healthy subjects (nine men, six women; age 67.2 ± 2.3 years) and 15 patients with T2DM (nine men, six women; age 61.9 ± 2.3 years) had measurements of GE, plasma glucose, insulin and C-peptide for 180 min after a radiolabeled 75 g glucose drink on two separate days. All subjects received lixisenatide (10 μg sc) or placebo in a randomised, double-blind, crossover fashion 30 min before the drink. Insulin secretory response (ISR) was determined using the C-peptide deconvolution method.ResultsGE was markedly slowed by lixisenatide compared with placebo in both healthy subjects (1.45 ± 0.10 kcal/min for placebo vs. 0.60 ± 0.14 kcal/min for lixisenatide) and diabetes (1.57 ± 0.06 kcal/min for placebo vs. 0.75 ± 0.13 kcal/min for lixisenatide) (both P < 0.001) with no difference between the two groups (P = 0.42). There was a moderate to strong inverse correlation between the early insulin secretory response calculated at 60 min and gastric retention at 60 min with lixisenatide treatment in healthy subjects (r = − 0.8, P = 0.0003) and a trend in type 2 diabetes (r = − 0.4, P = NS), compared with no relationships in the placebo arms (r = − 0.02, P = NS, healthy subjects) and (r = − 0.16, P = NS, type 2 diabetes).ConclusionThe marked slowing of GE of glucose induced by lixisenatide is associated with attenuation in the rise of postprandial glucose in both healthy subjects and diabetes and early insulin secretory response in healthy subjects.Clinical Trials Registration NumberNCT02308254.
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