Development of a Two-Way Coupled Eulerian–Lagrangian Computational Magnetic Nanoparticle Targeting Model for Pulsatile Flow in a Patient-Specific Diseased Left Carotid ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03-29

AUTHORS

Rodward L. Hewlin, Ashley Ciero, John P. Kizito

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of the present work is to present the development of a computational two-way coupled (fluid and particle coupled) magnetic nanoparticle targeting model to investigate the efficacy of magnetic drug targeting (MDT) in a patient-specific diseased left carotid bifurcation artery. MDT of therapeutic agents using multifunctional carrier particles has the potential to provide effective treatment of both cancer and cardiovascular disease by enabling a variety of localized treatment and diagnostic modalities while minimizing side effects. METHODS: A computational model is developed to analyze pulsatile blood flow, particle motion, and particle capture efficiency in a diseased left carotid bifurcation artery using the magnetic properties of magnetite (Fe3O4) and equations describing the magnetic forces acting on particles produced by an external cylindrical electromagnetic coil. A Eulerian-Lagrangian technique is adopted to resolve the hemodynamic flow and the motion of particles under the influence of a magnetic field (Br= 2T). Particle diameter sizes of 20 nm-4 μm in diameter were considered. RESULTS: The computational simulations demonstrate that the greatest particle capture efficiency results for particle diameters within the micron range, specifically 4 µm in regions where flow separation and vortices are at a minimum. It was also determined that the capture efficiency of particles decreases substantially with particle diameter, especially in the superparamagnetic regime. Particles larger than 2 μm were targeted and captured at the desired location by the external magnetic field, and the largest capture efficiency observed was approximately 98%. CONCLUSION: The simulation results presented in the present work have shown to yield favorable capture efficiencies for micron range particles and a potential for enhancing capture efficiency of superparamagnetic particles in smaller arteries and/or using magnetized implants such as cardiovascular stents. The present work presents results for justifying further investigation of MDT as a treatment technique for cardiovascular disease. More... »

PAGES

1-15

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13239-019-00411-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13239-019-00411-8

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30927212


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43 schema:description PURPOSE: The aim of the present work is to present the development of a computational two-way coupled (fluid and particle coupled) magnetic nanoparticle targeting model to investigate the efficacy of magnetic drug targeting (MDT) in a patient-specific diseased left carotid bifurcation artery. MDT of therapeutic agents using multifunctional carrier particles has the potential to provide effective treatment of both cancer and cardiovascular disease by enabling a variety of localized treatment and diagnostic modalities while minimizing side effects. METHODS: A computational model is developed to analyze pulsatile blood flow, particle motion, and particle capture efficiency in a diseased left carotid bifurcation artery using the magnetic properties of magnetite (Fe3O4) and equations describing the magnetic forces acting on particles produced by an external cylindrical electromagnetic coil. A Eulerian-Lagrangian technique is adopted to resolve the hemodynamic flow and the motion of particles under the influence of a magnetic field (Br= 2T). Particle diameter sizes of 20 nm-4 μm in diameter were considered. RESULTS: The computational simulations demonstrate that the greatest particle capture efficiency results for particle diameters within the micron range, specifically 4 µm in regions where flow separation and vortices are at a minimum. It was also determined that the capture efficiency of particles decreases substantially with particle diameter, especially in the superparamagnetic regime. Particles larger than 2 μm were targeted and captured at the desired location by the external magnetic field, and the largest capture efficiency observed was approximately 98%. CONCLUSION: The simulation results presented in the present work have shown to yield favorable capture efficiencies for micron range particles and a potential for enhancing capture efficiency of superparamagnetic particles in smaller arteries and/or using magnetized implants such as cardiovascular stents. The present work presents results for justifying further investigation of MDT as a treatment technique for cardiovascular disease.
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