Rhizosphere engineering through exogenous growth-regulating small molecules improves the colonizing efficiency of a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium in rice View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2020-05-30

AUTHORS

Thangamuthu Bowya, Dananjeyan Balachandar

ABSTRACT

Enhancing the rhizosphere colonization and persistence of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) is necessary for maximizing PGPR-mediated benefits for crop growth and fitness in environmentally friendly agriculture. In the present investigation, we attempted manipulation of the rice rhizosphere by spraying of low molecular weight plant-regulating metabolites on the foliage of rice plants to in turn enhance the colonizing efficiency of soil-inoculated PGPR strain. The green fluorescent protein gene-tagged rhizobacterial strain, Pseudomonas chlororaphis ZSB15-M2, was inoculated in sterile plant growth medium (vermiculite coco peat mixture) and non-autoclaved agricultural soil. We sprayed different plant growth-regulating small molecules on the foliage of rice seedlings and monitored the colonizing efficiency of ZSB15-M2 in the rice rhizosphere. Among the chemicals assessed, salicylic acid (SA) at 1 mM or Corynebacterium glutamicum cell extract (CGCE, 0.2% w/v) or Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell extract (SCCE, 0.2% w/v) showed a tenfold increase in rhizosphere colony-forming units of ZSB15-M2 compared to control with a significant decline in non-rhizosphere bulk soil population. Foliar spray of CGCE enhanced soil organic carbon, microbial biomass carbon and soil protein by 21.86%, 9.68% and 11.57% respectively in the rice rhizosphere as compared to mock control. Additionally, CGCE spray enhanced the key soil enzymes, viz., dehydrogenase and acid- and alkaline phosphatase in the rhizosphere ranging 15–36%. The cumulative effect of this engineered rhizosphere resulted in the elevation of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and zinc availability by 21.83%, 28.83%, 23.95% and 61.94%, respectively, in rice rhizosphere as compared to control. On the other hand, SCCE and SA spray had an equal influence on the rhizosphere’s biological attributes, which is lower than that of GCGE and higher than that of mock control. From the study, we propose that the aboveground management of rice with microbial-based small molecules will modulate the rice rhizosphere to attract more beneficial PGPR-based inoculants, thus improving the crop and soil health. More... »

PAGES

277

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2017-02. Sodium nitroprusside stimulates growth and shoot regeneration in chrysanthemum in HORTICULTURE, ENVIRONMENT, AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2009-05-12. Rhizosphere engineering and management for sustainable agriculture in PLANT AND SOIL
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  • 2009-02-25. Carbon flow in the rhizosphere: carbon trading at the soil–root interface in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2016-10-26. The root growth of wheat plants, the water conservation and fertility status of sandy soils influenced by plant growth promoting rhizobacteria in SYMBIOSIS
  • 2001-05. Monitoring population size, activity, and distribution of gfp-luxAB-tagged Pseudomonas fluorescens SBW25 during colonization of wheat in MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 1990-12. Substrate flow in the rhizosphere in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2017-01-30. Effects of jasmonic acid signalling on the wheat microbiome differ between body sites in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2019-02-08. Bioinoculants for Bioremediation Applications and Disease Resistance: Innovative Perspectives in INDIAN JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2001-09. Cyanide Production by Rhizobacteria and Potential for Suppression of Weed Seedling Growth in CURRENT MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2019-03-06. The stimulatory effects of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria and plant growth regulators on wheat physiology grown in sandy soil in ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY
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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32537377


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