Calcined Umbonium vestiarium snail shell as an efficient adsorbent for treatment of wastewater containing Co (II) View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

Rauf Foroutan, Amin Oujifard, Fatemeh Papari, Hossein Esmaeili

ABSTRACT

In the present study, the Umbonium vestiarium snail shell (UVS) was used as an abundant and low-cost resource for the removal of Co (II) from aqueous solution. The characteristics of calcined Umbonium vestiarium snail shell (CUVS) were analyzed using FTIR, SEM, MAP, EDAX, and BET analyses. The results showed that the specific surface area of the CUVS was obtained 17.02 m2/g which was an acceptable amount. The presence of Co (II) in the adsorbent structure was confirmed by EDAX, and Map analyses after Co (II) adsorption showed that the adsorbent successfully adsorbed Co (II) from aqueous solution. The effect of different parameters such as, contact time, initial concentration of cobalt ion, the adsorbent dose, and pH value was also investigated. The maximum efficiency of cobalt ion adsorption was measured 93.87% at a pH value of 6, contact time of 80 min, the adsorbent dose of 3 g/L, and initial ion concentration of 10 mg/L. Also, Langmuir, Freundlich, and D-R isotherm models were used to determine the most appropriate isotherm model for cobalt ion adsorption. The adsorption equilibrium data were better fitted with the Langmuir model with a maximum adsorption capacity of 93.46 mg/g. Additionally, the average free energy of adsorption was evaluated in the amount of 1.4085 KJ/mol, revealing a physical adsorption. Moreover, the kinetic behavior study showed that the experimental data follow the pseudo second order kinetic model to the value of correlation coefficient. More... »

PAGES

78

Journal

TITLE

3 Biotech

ISSUE

3

VOLUME

9

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13205-019-1575-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13205-019-1575-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112092117

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30800589


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52 schema:description In the present study, the <i>Umbonium vestiarium</i> snail shell (UVS) was used as an abundant and low-cost resource for the removal of Co (II) from aqueous solution. The characteristics of calcined <i>Umbonium vestiarium</i> snail shell (CUVS) were analyzed using FTIR, SEM, MAP, EDAX, and BET analyses. The results showed that the specific surface area of the CUVS was obtained 17.02 m<sup>2</sup>/g which was an acceptable amount. The presence of Co (II) in the adsorbent structure was confirmed by EDAX, and Map analyses after Co (II) adsorption showed that the adsorbent successfully adsorbed Co (II) from aqueous solution. The effect of different parameters such as, contact time, initial concentration of cobalt ion, the adsorbent dose, and pH value was also investigated. The maximum efficiency of cobalt ion adsorption was measured 93.87% at a pH value of 6, contact time of 80 min, the adsorbent dose of 3 g/L, and initial ion concentration of 10 mg/L. Also, Langmuir, Freundlich, and D-R isotherm models were used to determine the most appropriate isotherm model for cobalt ion adsorption. The adsorption equilibrium data were better fitted with the Langmuir model with a maximum adsorption capacity of 93.46 mg/g. Additionally, the average free energy of adsorption was evaluated in the amount of 1.4085 KJ/mol, revealing a physical adsorption. Moreover, the kinetic behavior study showed that the experimental data follow the pseudo second order kinetic model to the value of correlation coefficient.
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