Population and function analysis of cultivable bacteria associated with spores of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-04-08

AUTHORS

Liangkun Long, Qunying Lin, Qing Yao, Honghui Zhu

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the diversity and function of bacterial population associated with Gigaspora margarita spores. The fungus was propagated in sterilized sand/soil pots using alfalfa (Medicago sativa), grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), or maize (Zea mays) as host plants, or in sterilized vermiculite pots using alfalfa as host plants, respectively. Bacteria were isolated from the new-formed spores using diluted plate method, and typical bacterial isolates were identified according to 16S rRNA gene phylogenetic analysis. Total 43 bacterial isolates affiliated to three phyla and 23 genera were obtained. The spore-associated bacterial communities were obviously different among the four source spores, suggesting that plant species or substrates could influence the bacterial population. Bacillus and Streptomyces were most frequently associated with the fungal spores. Function analysis of these bacteria by plate tests, it was found that about 30.2% isolates stimulated the spore germination, five out of seven tested isolates improved the hyphal growth, total 57.5% of the tested isolates solubilized phosphorus at different levels, 15% isolates degraded chitin, and a few isolates suppressed the growth of Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus aureus. In pot experiment, three bacterial isolates (belonging to Curtobacterium, Ensifer, or Bacillus, respectively) displayed improvement effect on alfalfa growth and/or the colonization of roots by G. margarita. More... »

PAGES

8

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13205-017-0612-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13205-017-0612-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084520405

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28391471


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