Mutualistic relation of termites with associated microbes for their harmonious survival View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-09-28

AUTHORS

Sourajit Bayen, Somnath Roy, Dipankar Chakraborti, Ananda Mukhopadhyay, Lakshmi Kanta Hazarika, Prabhat Pramanik, Sangeeta Borchetia, Sudipta Mukherjee

ABSTRACT

This article explores the symbiotic role of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi and protozoans) associated with xylophagous termites. Members of the subfamily Macrotermitinae belonging to the family Termitidae have evolved symbiosis with fungi, which belong to the genus Termitomyces. The function of Termitomyces varies for different termite groups depending on their feeding behaviour. In some termites, the primary function of Termitomyces fungi is the degradation of lignin to its simpler form and to make cellulose available to termites; however, these fungi also serve as nutrient rich food sources to other groups of termites. The subsequent breakdown of ingested cellulose in termite gut is further facilitated and controlled by the action of various groups of enzymes secreted by gut-borne microflora and micro-fauna. Understanding the function, significance and management of these diverse microbial symbionts associated with pestiferous higher termites may help in developing their effective bio-control. More... »

PAGES

145-161

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