ACC deaminase producing Pseudomonas putida strain PSE3 and Rhizobium leguminosarum strain RP2 in synergism improves growth, nodulation and yield of ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2013-10

AUTHORS

Ees Ahmad, Md. Saghir Khan, Almas Zaidi

ABSTRACT

Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria affects the overall performance of plants by one or combination of mechanisms. However, little information is available on how ACC deaminase secreting bacteria enhance crop production. The present study aimed at identifying ACC deaminase producing and phosphate solubilizing bacterial strains and to assess their plant growth promoting activities. Additionally, the effect of two ACC deaminase positive bacterial strains Pseudomonas putida and Rhizobium leguminosarum on pea plants was determined to find a novel and compatible bacterial pairing for developing efficient inoculants for enhancing legume production and reducing dependence on chemical fertilizers. The isolated bacterial cultures were characterized biochemically and by 16S rRNA sequence analysis. The plant growth promoting activities was determined using standard microbiological methods. The impact of P. putida and R. leguminosarum, on pea plants was determined both in pots and in field environments. Of the total 40 bacterial strains, strain PSE3 isolated from Mentha arvenss rhizosphere and RP2 strain from pea nodules produced ACC deaminase, solubilized insoluble phosphate, synthesized indole acetic acid, ammonia, cyanogenic compounds, exopolysaccharides and had antifungal activity. The dual inoculation of P. putida strain PSE3 and R. leguminosarum strain RP2 had largest positive effect and markedly increased the growth, symbiotic characteristics, nutrient pool and quantity and quality of pea seeds. The measured parameters were further augmented when inoculated pea plants were grown in soils treated with urea or DAP. A significant variation in the measured parameters of pea plants was observed under both pot and field trials following microbial inoculation but the bacterial cultures did not differ significantly in growth promoting activities. The results suggest that ACC deaminase positive bacterial cultures endowed with multiple potential can be targeted to develop mixed inoculants for enhancing pea production and hence, to reduce dependence on synthetic fertilizers. More... »

PAGES

93-104

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2005-07-01. Root-associated bacteria containing 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase improve growth and nutrient uptake by pea genotypes cultivated in cadmium supplemented soil in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
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  • 2007-11-23. Physiological and genetic analysis of root responsiveness to auxin-producing plant growth-promoting bacteria in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2008-12-16. Quantification of indole-3-acetic acid from plant associated Bacillus spp. and their phytostimulatory effect on Vigna radiata (L.) in WORLD JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2009-05-23. Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria Allow Reduced Application Rates of Chemical Fertilizers in MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 2012-03-30. ACC deaminase containing diazotrophic endophytic bacteria ameliorate salt stress in Catharanthus roseus through reduced ethylene levels and induction of antioxidative defense systems in SYMBIOSIS
  • 2008-12. Characterisation of a psychrotolerant plant growth promotingPseudomonas sp. strain PGERs17 (MTCC 9000) isolated from North Western Indian Himalayas in ANNALS OF MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2010. Role of Ethylene and Bacterial ACC Deaminase in Nodulation of Legumes in MICROBES FOR LEGUME IMPROVEMENT
  • 2011-03-10. Comparative effectiveness of Pseudomonas and Serratia sp. containing ACC-deaminase for coinoculation with Rhizobium leguminosarum to improve growth, nodulation, and yield of lentil in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 2013-05-22. Functional Aspect of Phosphate-Solubilizing Bacteria: Importance in Crop Production in BACTERIA IN AGROBIOLOGY: CROP PRODUCTIVITY
  • 1991-09. Use of chrome azurol S reagents to evaluate siderophore production by rhizosphere bacteria in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 2012-05. Disparate role of rhizobial ACC deaminase in root-nodule symbioses in SYMBIOSIS
  • 2009-02-27. Acquisition of phosphorus and nitrogen in the rhizosphere and plant growth promotion by microorganisms in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2011-10-22. Enhanced chickpea growth-promotion ability of a Mesorhizobium strain expressing an exogenous ACC deaminase gene in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2011-05-15. Growth promotion of Vigna mungo (L.) by Pseudomonas spp. exhibiting auxin production and ACC-deaminase activity in ANNALS OF MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2003-08. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria as biofertilizers in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 1994-02. Solubilization of rock phosphates byRhizobium andBradyrhizobium in FOLIA MICROBIOLOGICA
  • 2009-08-01. Functional Diversity Among Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria: Current Status in MICROBIAL STRATEGIES FOR CROP IMPROVEMENT
  • 2002. Ethylene, Agricultural Sources and Applications in NONE
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    93 pairing
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    105 positive bacterial cultures
    106 positive effect
    107 potential
    108 pots
    109 present study
    110 production
    111 putida
    112 quality
    113 quantity
    114 rRNA sequence analysis
    115 results
    116 rhizobacteria
    117 seeds
    118 sequence analysis
    119 significant variation
    120 soil
    121 solubilized insoluble phosphate
    122 standard microbiological methods
    123 strain Pseudomonas putida
    124 strains
    125 study
    126 symbiotic characteristics
    127 synergism
    128 synthetic fertilizers
    129 trials
    130 urea
    131 variation
    132 yield
    133 yield of peas
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