Community trial of insecticide-treated bed net use promotion in southern Ghana: the Net Use Intervention study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-06

AUTHORS

John P Elder, Augustine Aboagye Botwe, Richmond Ato Selby, Nadra Franklin, Willard D Shaw

ABSTRACT

Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) reduce malaria transmission and related morbidity and child mortality; however, incorrect and inconsistent use limits their protective factors. This community trial titled the Net Use Intervention study sought to bridge the gap between ITN ownership and use in southern (coastal) Ghana and to determine the best mix of communication tools to affect behavior of ITN owners to consistent use while maintaining optimal internal and external validity. This two-group, non-randomized experiment evaluated a multichannel, multisector intervention process over the course of 8 weeks. A longitudinal cohort was scientifically sampled from six intervention and six control communities for both baseline and posttest surveys. The posttest survey showed no change in knowledge of ITNs in the intervention or control. In terms of use the previous night, there was a strong and statistically significant intervention effect (OR = 1.67; p < .05) within the intervention communities. The overall increase in ITN coverage was approximately one person per night per every two households. The promotion efforts succeeded well beyond the planners' expectations, not only promoting usage but also dramatically increasing demand for new ITNs. More... »

PAGES

341

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13142-011-0032-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13142-011-0032-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040746220

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24073054


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