β-Blocker therapy and cardiovascular outcomes in patients who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention after ST-elevation myocardial infarction View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-10-11

AUTHORS

Bingyuan Bao, Neiko Ozasa, Takeshi Morimoto, Yutaka Furukawa, Yoshihisa Nakagawa, Kazushige Kadota, Masashi Iwabuchi, Satoshi Shizuta, Hiroki Shiomi, Tomohisa Tada, Junichi Tazaki, Yoshihiro Kato, Mamoru Hayano, Masahiro Natsuaki, Hisayoshi Fujiwara, Kazuaki Mitsudo, Masakiyo Nobuyoshi, Toru Kita, Takeshi Kimura

ABSTRACT

The effect of β-blockers in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who have undergone primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been adequately evaluated. Using a large multi-center registry in Japan, we identified 3,692 patients who underwent PCI within 24 h from onset of STEMI and were discharged alive from 2005 to 2007. Three-year cardiovascular outcomes were compared between the 2 groups of patients with (N = 1,614) or without (N = 2,078) β-blocker prescription at discharge. Compared with patients in the no-β group, patients in the β group were younger, more frequently male, more often had hypertension and atrial fibrillation but less often had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than in the no-β group. Statins and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers were more frequently prescribed in the β group. Crude incidence of cardiac death and/or recurrent myocardial infarction (cardiac death/MI) tended to be higher in the β group (7.6 vs. 6.2 %, log-rank p = 0.1). After adjusting for potential confounders, β-blockers were associated with significantly higher risk for cardiac death/MI (hazard ratio 1.43, 95 % CI: 1.06–1.94, p = 0.01). β-Blocker prescription at discharge was not associated with better cardiovascular outcomes in patients who underwent PCI after STEMI. Large-scale randomized controlled trials are needed to evaluate the role of β-blocker therapy in these patients. More... »

PAGES

139-147

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12928-012-0137-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12928-012-0137-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052681752

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23054967


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