Psychological distress in response to physical activity restrictions in patients with non-syndromic thoracic aortic aneurysm/dissection View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2021-08-13

AUTHORS

Alexis McEntire, Benjamin M. Helm, Benjamin J. Landis, Lindsey R. Elmore, Theodore Wilson, Leah Wetherill, Stephanie M. Ware

ABSTRACT

Individuals diagnosed with thoracic aortic aneurysm/dissection (TAAD) are given activity restrictions in an attempt to mitigate serious health complications and sudden death. The psychological distress resulting from activity restrictions has been established for other diseases or patient populations; however, individuals with non-syndromic TAAD have not been previously evaluated. Seventy-nine participants completed a questionnaire utilizing the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) questionnaires, which assess levels of depression and anxiety respectively. Additionally, quantitative and qualitative questions explored self-reported psychological distress in response to activity restrictions. Individuals who reported higher PHQ + GAD scores had been living with a diagnosis longer than two years (p = 0.0004), were between 35 and 65 years old (p = 0.05), reported not coping well (p = 0.0035), and reported physical activity was “very important” (p = 0.04). Results from individual questions showed that individuals who reported their diagnosis affected them financially were 3.5 times more likely to report “feeling nervous, anxious, or on edge” (CI = [0.81, 15.6], p = 0.094). Qualitative analysis revealed themes that identified participant beliefs regarding distress, ability to cope, hindrances to coping ability, and resources. These results show psychological distress can result from physical activity restrictions in non-syndromic TAAD individuals. Additionally, certain subpopulations may be more susceptible to distress. This is the first study to examine the psychological distress individuals with non-syndromic TAAD experience as a result of prescribed activity restrictions. Genetic counselors and other healthcare professionals can utilize this information to provide more tailored cardiovascular genetic counseling and increase its therapeutic potential for patients. More... »

PAGES

631-641

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2001-09. The PHQ-9 in JOURNAL OF GENERAL INTERNAL MEDICINE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12687-021-00545-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12687-021-00545-0

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34386933


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