Metals Extraction from Sulfide Ores with Microorganisms: The Bioleaching Technology and Recent Developments View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-01-02

AUTHORS

Wasim Sajjad, Guodong Zheng, Ghufranud Din, Xiangxian Ma, Muhammad Rafiq, Wang Xu

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, due to fast global industrial progress and near diminution of high-grade ore reserves, there has been massive call to cost-effectively process the resources of low-grade ores and industrial effluents for metal extraction. However, conventional approaches cannot be used to process such resources due to high capital cost and energy, also causing environmental pollution. Alternatively, bioleaching is highly environmental friendly and economic method to process such resources. Metal recovery from metal sulfide ore is carried out by chemolithotrophic bacteria like Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans. The same is done by heterotrophic microorganisms in non-sulfide ores. Additionally, for gold and copper extractions, bioleaching is used to extract cobalt, zinc, nickel, and uranium from low-grade ores and industrial effluents. In this review, the fundamental process of bioleaching from low-grade metal sulfide ores are discussed with emphasis on mechanism, types, pathways, techniques, and bioleaching development. More... »

PAGES

559-579

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2013-05-30. Progress in bioleaching: fundamentals and mechanisms of bacterial metal sulfide oxidation—part A in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
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  • <error retrieving object. in <ERROR RETRIEVING OBJECT
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  • 2018-07-19. Bioleaching of copper- and zinc-bearing ore using consortia of indigenous iron-oxidizing bacteria in EXTREMOPHILES
  • 2014-02-08. Recovery of copper from a surface altered chalcopyrite contained ball mill spillage through bio-hydrometallurgical route in KOREAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
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