Effect of Heat Treatment on Microstructure and Properties of High Boron-High Speed Steel View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-10

AUTHORS

Han-guang Fu, Xiao-ni Liu, Yong-wei Yang, Xiao-le Cheng, Yin-hu Qu

ABSTRACT

A new type of high boron-high speed steel (HB-HSS) with different boron content was selected for oil quenching at 1050 °C, and different temperature of tempering treatment was chosen. By using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Rockwell hardness tester, red hard treatment and wear test, the effects of heat treatment on microstructure and properties of HB-HSS were investigated. The experimental results indicate that the quenching microstructure of HB-HSS consists of α-Fe, M2(B, C), M7(B, C)3 and a few of M23(C, B)6. When the tempering temperature is lower than 500 °C, the shape of carboborides will change from discontinuous sheet to continuous net, and the uniformity in microstructure is improved, and the hardness is not changed during the process. When the tempering temperature is higher than 500 °C, the continuous net of M2(B, C) is recovered. When the tempering temperature is higher than 600 °C, the microstructure of HB-HSS get thickened because of overheating, and the hardness get significantly reduced. With the increase of tempering temperature, the weight loss of the sample is decreased, and the wear resistance of the sample is increased. When tempering temperature exceeds 500 °C, the weight loss of the sample has an obvious increase and its wear resistance decreases. The wear resistance of the sample decreases after the red-hardness treatment. The wear loss is about 8.4 mg when the boron content is 2.0% and the tempering temperature is 500 °C, which is the best of test samples. More... »

PAGES

2423-2432

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2005-01. Modifying Cast Tungsten-Molybdenum High-Speed Steels with Niobium, Zirconium, and Titanium in METAL SCIENCE AND HEAT TREATMENT
  • 2011-12. A Study on the Wear Behavior of Cast Boron Steel in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
  • 2011-12. Effects of Plastic Deformation and Heat Treatment on Microstructure and Properties of High Boron Cast Steel in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
  • 2016-02. Phase Diagram Calculation and Analyze on Cast High-Boron High-Speed Steel in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
  • 2008-08. Investigations on Heat Treatment of a High-Speed Steel Roll in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
  • 2013-04. Microstructure and Properties of Cast B-Bearing High Speed Steel in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
  • 2012-03. Investigations on Microstructures and Two-body Abrasive Wear Behavior of Fe–B Cast Alloy in TRIBOLOGY LETTERS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12666-018-1373-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12666-018-1373-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105707462


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Xi'an Polytechnic University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464495.e", 
              "name": [
                "School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Xi\u2019an Polytechnic University, Jinhua Road No. 19, Beilin District, 710048, Xi\u2019an, Shaanxi Province, People\u2019s Republic of China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Fu", 
            "givenName": "Han-guang", 
            "id": "sg:person.016117416053.11", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016117416053.11"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Xi'an Polytechnic University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464495.e", 
              "name": [
                "School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Xi\u2019an Polytechnic University, Jinhua Road No. 19, Beilin District, 710048, Xi\u2019an, Shaanxi Province, People\u2019s Republic of China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Liu", 
            "givenName": "Xiao-ni", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Beijing University of Technology", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.28703.3e", 
              "name": [
                "School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, 100124, Beijing, People\u2019s Republic of China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Yang", 
            "givenName": "Yong-wei", 
            "id": "sg:person.016701137433.61", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016701137433.61"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Xi'an Polytechnic University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464495.e", 
              "name": [
                "School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Xi\u2019an Polytechnic University, Jinhua Road No. 19, Beilin District, 710048, Xi\u2019an, Shaanxi Province, People\u2019s Republic of China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Cheng", 
            "givenName": "Xiao-le", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Xi'an Polytechnic University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464495.e", 
              "name": [
                "School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Xi\u2019an Polytechnic University, Jinhua Road No. 19, Beilin District, 710048, Xi\u2019an, Shaanxi Province, People\u2019s Republic of China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Qu", 
            "givenName": "Yin-hu", 
            "id": "sg:person.015233565657.13", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015233565657.13"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2009.03.017", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005613901"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11249-011-9900-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007291114", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11249-011-9900-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-010-9808-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010360997", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-010-9808-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2009.01.048", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010366609"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1648(01)00779-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011195050"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-015-1847-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013919629", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-015-1847-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2355/isijinternational.32.1244", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025713200"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mineng.2003.08.009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029920014"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mineng.2003.08.009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029920014"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-007-9174-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039851306", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-007-9174-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-010-9809-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040951996", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-010-9809-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11041-005-0031-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044173883", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11041-005-0031-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11041-005-0031-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044173883", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11041-005-0031-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1044-5803(01)00143-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045923565"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1044-5803(01)00143-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045923565"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2005.09.030", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046532666"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-012-0378-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049270939", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-012-0378-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.189-190.429", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072104174"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4149/km_2017_5_323", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092646095"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2018-10", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2018-10-01", 
        "description": "A new type of high boron-high speed steel (HB-HSS) with different boron content was selected for oil quenching at 1050 \u00b0C, and different temperature of tempering treatment was chosen. By using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Rockwell hardness tester, red hard treatment and wear test, the effects of heat treatment on microstructure and properties of HB-HSS were investigated. The experimental results indicate that the quenching microstructure of HB-HSS consists of \u03b1-Fe, M2(B, C), M7(B, C)3 and a few of M23(C, B)6. When the tempering temperature is lower than 500 \u00b0C, the shape of carboborides will change from discontinuous sheet to continuous net, and the uniformity in microstructure is improved, and the hardness is not changed during the process. When the tempering temperature is higher than 500 \u00b0C, the continuous net of M2(B, C) is recovered. When the tempering temperature is higher than 600 \u00b0C, the microstructure of HB-HSS get thickened because of overheating, and the hardness get significantly reduced. With the increase of tempering temperature, the weight loss of the sample is decreased, and the wear resistance of the sample is increased. When tempering temperature exceeds 500 \u00b0C, the weight loss of the sample has an obvious increase and its wear resistance decreases. The wear resistance of the sample decreases after the red-hardness treatment. The wear loss is about 8.4 mg when the boron content is 2.0% and the tempering temperature is 500 \u00b0C, which is the best of test samples.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12666-018-1373-1", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1136517", 
            "issn": [
              "0972-2815", 
              "0975-1645"
            ], 
            "name": "Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "10", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "71"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Effect of Heat Treatment on Microstructure and Properties of High Boron-High Speed Steel", 
        "pagination": "2423-2432", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "88b5a5327cac0c84a9fd49b5a68c389e12999b4f55ae7ca77260ee8e7680db75"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s12666-018-1373-1"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1105707462"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12666-018-1373-1", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105707462"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T02:22", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8700_00000559.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs12666-018-1373-1"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12666-018-1373-1'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12666-018-1373-1'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12666-018-1373-1'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12666-018-1373-1'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    145 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      43 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s12666-018-1373-1 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author N5d24e2d820744060b65683f9533bcb6a
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s11041-005-0031-5
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s11249-011-9900-9
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-007-9174-4
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-010-9808-9
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-010-9809-8
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-012-0378-x
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-015-1847-9
    11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mineng.2003.08.009
    12 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2005.09.030
    13 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2009.01.048
    14 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2009.03.017
    15 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1648(01)00779-7
    16 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1044-5803(01)00143-7
    17 https://doi.org/10.2355/isijinternational.32.1244
    18 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.189-190.429
    19 https://doi.org/10.4149/km_2017_5_323
    20 schema:datePublished 2018-10
    21 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-10-01
    22 schema:description A new type of high boron-high speed steel (HB-HSS) with different boron content was selected for oil quenching at 1050 °C, and different temperature of tempering treatment was chosen. By using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Rockwell hardness tester, red hard treatment and wear test, the effects of heat treatment on microstructure and properties of HB-HSS were investigated. The experimental results indicate that the quenching microstructure of HB-HSS consists of α-Fe, M2(B, C), M7(B, C)3 and a few of M23(C, B)6. When the tempering temperature is lower than 500 °C, the shape of carboborides will change from discontinuous sheet to continuous net, and the uniformity in microstructure is improved, and the hardness is not changed during the process. When the tempering temperature is higher than 500 °C, the continuous net of M2(B, C) is recovered. When the tempering temperature is higher than 600 °C, the microstructure of HB-HSS get thickened because of overheating, and the hardness get significantly reduced. With the increase of tempering temperature, the weight loss of the sample is decreased, and the wear resistance of the sample is increased. When tempering temperature exceeds 500 °C, the weight loss of the sample has an obvious increase and its wear resistance decreases. The wear resistance of the sample decreases after the red-hardness treatment. The wear loss is about 8.4 mg when the boron content is 2.0% and the tempering temperature is 500 °C, which is the best of test samples.
    23 schema:genre research_article
    24 schema:inLanguage en
    25 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    26 schema:isPartOf N00c611e405f74ebabcbc9fc96ceccf08
    27 Nbaebad9c19c74533b231de207f9845b1
    28 sg:journal.1136517
    29 schema:name Effect of Heat Treatment on Microstructure and Properties of High Boron-High Speed Steel
    30 schema:pagination 2423-2432
    31 schema:productId N10f62234db834128a844b1b33ea64969
    32 N429fbd7963fe4bd2a98c9e9d8350c1c1
    33 N50687ce57fce4784a386f687e4a8739a
    34 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105707462
    35 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12666-018-1373-1
    36 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T02:22
    37 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    38 schema:sdPublisher N33d71f8a1514433e996ca746ef901718
    39 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs12666-018-1373-1
    40 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    41 sgo:sdDataset articles
    42 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    43 N00c611e405f74ebabcbc9fc96ceccf08 schema:issueNumber 10
    44 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    45 N10f62234db834128a844b1b33ea64969 schema:name doi
    46 schema:value 10.1007/s12666-018-1373-1
    47 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    48 N33d71f8a1514433e996ca746ef901718 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    49 rdf:type schema:Organization
    50 N429fbd7963fe4bd2a98c9e9d8350c1c1 schema:name readcube_id
    51 schema:value 88b5a5327cac0c84a9fd49b5a68c389e12999b4f55ae7ca77260ee8e7680db75
    52 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    53 N50687ce57fce4784a386f687e4a8739a schema:name dimensions_id
    54 schema:value pub.1105707462
    55 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    56 N5d24e2d820744060b65683f9533bcb6a rdf:first sg:person.016117416053.11
    57 rdf:rest N8c68d1dd72cf4619add1f4f5c6d9175a
    58 N7ab3460cedf14888abb2a65022476c69 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464495.e
    59 schema:familyName Liu
    60 schema:givenName Xiao-ni
    61 rdf:type schema:Person
    62 N8c68d1dd72cf4619add1f4f5c6d9175a rdf:first N7ab3460cedf14888abb2a65022476c69
    63 rdf:rest Nc43076d21eab4e04a3170a0a0524f316
    64 N8ddf252fc6d24598874ad9eb3da761a1 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464495.e
    65 schema:familyName Cheng
    66 schema:givenName Xiao-le
    67 rdf:type schema:Person
    68 Na19101eb18d941cf97cddab0d4a1f1e3 rdf:first N8ddf252fc6d24598874ad9eb3da761a1
    69 rdf:rest Ne761abe049954d90a44f0bba7a33bbbd
    70 Nbaebad9c19c74533b231de207f9845b1 schema:volumeNumber 71
    71 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    72 Nc43076d21eab4e04a3170a0a0524f316 rdf:first sg:person.016701137433.61
    73 rdf:rest Na19101eb18d941cf97cddab0d4a1f1e3
    74 Ne761abe049954d90a44f0bba7a33bbbd rdf:first sg:person.015233565657.13
    75 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    76 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    77 schema:name Engineering
    78 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    79 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    80 schema:name Materials Engineering
    81 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    82 sg:journal.1136517 schema:issn 0972-2815
    83 0975-1645
    84 schema:name Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals
    85 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    86 sg:person.015233565657.13 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464495.e
    87 schema:familyName Qu
    88 schema:givenName Yin-hu
    89 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015233565657.13
    90 rdf:type schema:Person
    91 sg:person.016117416053.11 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464495.e
    92 schema:familyName Fu
    93 schema:givenName Han-guang
    94 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016117416053.11
    95 rdf:type schema:Person
    96 sg:person.016701137433.61 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.28703.3e
    97 schema:familyName Yang
    98 schema:givenName Yong-wei
    99 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016701137433.61
    100 rdf:type schema:Person
    101 sg:pub.10.1007/s11041-005-0031-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044173883
    102 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11041-005-0031-5
    103 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    104 sg:pub.10.1007/s11249-011-9900-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007291114
    105 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11249-011-9900-9
    106 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    107 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-007-9174-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039851306
    108 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-007-9174-4
    109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    110 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-010-9808-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010360997
    111 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-010-9808-9
    112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    113 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-010-9809-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040951996
    114 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-010-9809-8
    115 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    116 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-012-0378-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049270939
    117 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-012-0378-x
    118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    119 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-015-1847-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013919629
    120 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-015-1847-9
    121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    122 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mineng.2003.08.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029920014
    123 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    124 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2005.09.030 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046532666
    125 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    126 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2009.01.048 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010366609
    127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    128 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2009.03.017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005613901
    129 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    130 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1648(01)00779-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011195050
    131 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    132 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1044-5803(01)00143-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045923565
    133 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    134 https://doi.org/10.2355/isijinternational.32.1244 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025713200
    135 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    136 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.189-190.429 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072104174
    137 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    138 https://doi.org/10.4149/km_2017_5_323 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092646095
    139 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    140 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.28703.3e schema:alternateName Beijing University of Technology
    141 schema:name School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, 100124, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
    142 rdf:type schema:Organization
    143 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464495.e schema:alternateName Xi'an Polytechnic University
    144 schema:name School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Xi’an Polytechnic University, Jinhua Road No. 19, Beilin District, 710048, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, People’s Republic of China
    145 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...