A multidisciplinary procedure to evaluate and optimize the efficacy of hydraulic barriers in contaminated sites: a case study in Northern ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-03

AUTHORS

Alessandro Chelli, Andrea Zanini, Emma Petrella, Alessandra Feo, Fulvio Celico

ABSTRACT

In the last decades, hydraulic barriers have been activated in a large number of polluted sites with the aim of preventing groundwater pollution outside the contaminated area. From a regulatory point of view, there is the need of evaluating the efficacy of these barriers. For this reason, the goal of the present study is to apply a coupled experimental modelling approach aimed at evaluating the efficacy of the barrier and providing management strategies. In particular, a case study in Italy is investigated. The study case is of main interest because of its complexity due to a heterogeneous aquifer and the presence of surface water that interacts with the below aquifer. The study has been carried out through the experimental characterization of the aquifer system (coupling the classic stratigraphic techniques with the results of radiocarbon dating, as well as through pumping and injection tests) and its hydrogeological behaviour (by means of hydraulic- and the stream-head measurements, as well as some isotopic investigations), and the implementation of a numerical model (through MODFLOW 2005). The results show the effectiveness of the coupled experimental modelling approach to analyse and simulate the hydrodynamics within the test aquifer system, as well as to evaluate the efficacy of the hydraulic barrier. Based on the results of the numerical model, easy solutions were designed to manage the barrier. More... »

PAGES

246

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2012-01. A Three-Dimensional Flow and Transport Modeling of an Aquifer Contaminated by Perchloroethylene Subject to Multi-PRB Remediation in TRANSPORT IN POROUS MEDIA
  • 2015-05. Seawater intrusion in the Guanahacabibes Peninsula (Pinar del Rio Province, western Cuba): effects on karst development and water isotope composition in ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2016-05. Isotope signatures and hydrochemistry as tools in assessing groundwater occurrence and dynamics in a coastal arid aquifer in ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2011-02. Recharge and contamination sources of shallow and deep groundwater of pleistocene aquifer in El-Sadat industrial city: isotope and hydrochemical approaches in ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2011-09. Identifying sources of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons in a residential area in Italy using the integral pumping test method in HYDROGEOLOGY JOURNAL
  • 2011-05. Environmental isotope study of groundwater discharge from the large karst springs in West Syria: a case study of Figeh and Al-sin springs in ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2017-06. Isotopic features of precipitation and groundwater from the Eastern Alps of Italy: results from the Mt. Tinisa hydrogeological system in ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2011-05. Interaction between deep and shallow groundwater systems in areas affected by Quaternary tectonics (Central Italy): a geochemical and isotope approach in ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2014-02. Hydrogeochemistry and isotope techniques to determine water interactions in groundwater-dependent shallow lakes, Wet Pampa Plain, Argentina in ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2018-02. Oscillatory Pumping Test to Estimate Aquifer Hydraulic Parameters in a Bayesian Geostatistical Framework in MATHEMATICAL GEOSCIENCES
  • 2015-01. Laboratory sandbox validation of pollutant source location methods in STOCHASTIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND RISK ASSESSMENT
  • 2015-05. Numerical modeling and environmental isotope methods in integrated mine-water management: a case study from the Witwatersrand basin, South Africa in HYDROGEOLOGY JOURNAL
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12665-018-7420-8

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12665-018-7420-8

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