Geographical information system approach for environmental management in coastal area (Hardelot-Plage, France) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2012-01

AUTHORS

Fadi Chaaban, Hanan Darwishe, Barbara Louche, Yvonne Battiau-Queney, Eric Masson, Jamal El Khattabi, Erick Carlier

ABSTRACT

The use of geographic information system (GIS) minimizes the effort and improves the efficiency of numerical models. The GIS provides a platform for high capacity collection, management, manipulation, analysis, modeling and display of spatial data. The conceptual model is created using GIS objects including points, arcs and polygons so that it can accurately represent real world condition. According to the research problem, the geographical model is based on Hypergraph Based Data Structure method, and a conceptual data model has been created from which a physical data model was elaborated in ArcGIS9.3 platform. The groundwater modeling system (GMS) provides a powerful tool for hydrodynamics modeling and it is able to solve complex problems such as the groundwater flow and seawater intrusion. The sand-dune system of Hardelot-Plage (North of France) suffers from a lack of well-developed foredune. This problem is linked to the almost constant saturation of beach sand which is the potential source of dune nourishment. In the south of Hardelot, the coastline is slowly, but constantly retreating. To remedy this situation, a coupling between a GIS and GMS was adopted, in order to find the possible scenarios which could lower the piezometric surface in the concerned area and allow dune nourishment again. The GMS used supports the Modflow-2000 code. A direct approach to designing Modflow finite difference model is tedious and less intuitive, specifically for complex boundary and initial conditions. Therefore, a Modflow model can be developed either using a grid or conceptual model approach. The preparation of input data modeling is tedious and takes a long time. The model created in GMS was calibrated against the historical and observed water level data for 1995–2006. Then a hydrodispersive model (MT3d code in GMS) was launched for evaluating sea-water intrusion. The model was run to generate groundwater and salt concentration scenario during pumping tests. More... »

PAGES

183-193

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12665-011-1080-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12665-011-1080-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030753475


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