Pretreatment Chemometrics in Holistic Biogas Life Cycle Assessment: Framing Case Study with Carica papaya View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03-23

AUTHORS

Cory D. Jensen, A. D. Olugbemide, F. A. O. Akpa, Ajayi Oladipo

ABSTRACT

This research explores synergistic pre-treatment parameters and chemometrics as applicable to systems level biogas related research frameworks (such as the sustainable development goals) for anaerobic digestion biomass processes-policy. Specifically, the hypothesis that simple feedstock pretreatment-digestion methods can be applied to rapidly evaluate biochemical biogas potential of anaerobically digested Carica papaya petioles was tested. Pretreatment parameters explored include hydration, i.e. 1:4, 1:6, 1:8 and 1:10 substrate mass to water weight ratios and hydrochloric acid pretreatment chemistry, i.e. 1%—0.3 M, 3%—0.7 M, 5%—1.0 M, in batch digestions experiments with non-inoculated C. papaya petioles. Biomass feedstock was obtained from Edo State, Nigeria. Digestions were performed at ambient temperature, i.e. 27 °C, for 3 weeks. Pretreated C. papaya petiole samples were analyzed with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to characterize spectra with characteristic absorbance ratios indicative of physicochemical changes in biomass that include; cross-linked lignin ratio, the lateral order index, and hydrogen bond intensity. Cumulative gaseous yields from C. papaya petiole digestions were fit to the modified Gompertz form and optimized with non-linear regression in Matlab® to derive mathematical parameters, i.e. daily maximum production rate of biogas, a lag phase prior to biogas production, and biogas potential. An optimum C. papaya petiole pretreatment digestion scenario, i.e. 1:4 substrate-to-water ratio and 3%, i.e. 0.7 M, HCl pretreatment resulted in a 150% increase in yield, (10.9 mL gas/g VS) compared to non-pretreated C. papaya petiole digestion. Analysis with the modified Gompertz form also suggests rapid biogas potential assessment can be performed in a few days-time, i.e. approximately 10 days with distinct visual characterization of individual digestion performance. It was concluded that the applied digestion procedures with the use of C. papaya petioles can evolve gas rapidly. It was also concluded that obtained FTIR spectra are indicative of hydrolysis acid pretreatment chemistry, i.e. decrease in glycosidic β-(1,4) bonds in cellulose compared to crystalline structure of cellulose, suggesting that spectroscopy chemometrics can inform systems frameworks. Finally, it was concluded that collaborative efforts in support of larger sustainability goals and towards more complex assessment models are possible. More... »

PAGES

1-14

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12649-019-00635-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12649-019-00635-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112964766


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