Hydrogen Terminated Silicon Nanopowders: Gas Phase Synthesis, Oxidation Behaviour, and Si-H Reactivity View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-06-28

AUTHORS

C. Sprung, J. Heimfarth, J. Erler, G. Ziegenbalg, C. Pätzold, U. S̆ingliar, P. Fröhlich, A. Müller, C. Schubert, G. Roewer, K. Bohmhammel, F. Mertens, J. Seidel, M. Bertau, E. Kroke

ABSTRACT

Silicon nanopowders were prepared by hot-wire chemical vapour deposition (CVD) from monosilane. Wire materials including Hf, Nb, Ta, Mo, W, Rh, Re, Ir, Pd, and Pt were tested. The filament temperature was varied in the range of 400–2000 ℃ and pressures between 1.0–1.5 bar. Products were characterised by bulk elemental analysis and a laser granulometer. The powders were investigated by TG-DSC-MS under inert, O2, and H2O containing atmosphere, respectively, in a temperature range of 20–700 ℃. Hydrogen evolution occurred in three separate steps, depending on the applied gas atmosphere. The oxidation mechanism was explored by the characteristic OxSi-H bands (x = 0–3) observed in ex situ DRIFT experiments. The oxidation of hydrogen terminated silicon surfaces was investigated employing oxygen (O2), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), permanganate (MnO4−\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$_{4}^{-}$\end{document}), or peroxodisulfate S2O82−\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$\left (\mathrm {S}_{2}\mathrm {O}_{8}^{2-}\right )$\end{document} in a temperature range of 0–120 ℃. The oxidation was stepwise and strongly enhanced after pretreatment by alkyl lithium salts or Grignard reagents. More... »

PAGES

31-42

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12633-014-9206-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12633-014-9206-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003819122


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56 materials
57 mechanism
58 monosilane
59 nanopowders
60 oxidation
61 oxidation behavior
62 oxidation mechanism
63 oxidation of hydrogen
64 oxygen
65 permanganate
66 peroxide
67 phase synthesis
68 powder
69 pressure
70 pretreatment
71 products
72 range
73 reactivity
74 reagents
75 salt
76 separate steps
77 silicon nanopowders
78 silicon surface
79 situ DRIFTS experiments
80 step
81 stepwise
82 surface
83 synthesis
84 temperature
85 temperature range
86 vapor deposition
87 wire material
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