“GIOSAT”: a tool to assess CanMEDS competencies during simulated crises View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-03

AUTHORS

Victor M. Neira, M. Dylan Bould, Amy Nakajima, Sylvain Boet, Nicholas Barrowman, Philipp Mossdorf, Devin Sydor, Amy Roeske, Stephen Noseworthy, Viren Naik, Dermot Doherty, Hilary Writer, Stanley J. Hamstra

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Our objective was to develop and evaluate a Generic Integrated Objective Structured Assessment Tool (GIOSAT) to integrate Medical Expert and intrinsic (non-medical expert) CanMEDS competencies with non-technical skills for crisis simulation. METHODS: An assessment tool was designed and piloted using two pediatric anesthesia scenarios (laryngospasm and hyperkalemia). Following revision of the tool, we used previously recorded videos of anesthesia residents (n = 50) who managed one of two intraoperative advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) scenarios (ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation). Four independent trained raters, blinded to the residents' level of training, analyzed the video recordings using the GIOSAT scale. Inter-rater reliability was calculated using intraclass correlations (ICCs) for single raters (single measure) and the average of the four raters (average measure), and construct validity was investigated by correlating GIOSAT scores with postgraduate year of residency (PGY). RESULTS: Total GIOSAT scores for the ACLS scenarios had single measure ICCs of 0.62 and average measure ICCs of 0.85. Inter-rater reliability was substantial for both Medical Expert and intrinsic competencies (single measure ICCs 0.69 and 0.62, respectively; average measure ICCs 0.90 and 0.82, respectively). We found significant correlations between PGY level and total GIOSAT score (r = 0.36; P = 0.011) and between PGY level and Medical Expert competencies (r = 0.42; P = 0.003); however, correlations were not found between PGY level and intrinsic CanMEDS competencies (r = 0.24; P = 0.09). CONCLUSION: Inter-rater reliability of the total GIOSAT scores using four trained raters was substantial. Significant correlation between PGY and (i) total GIOSAT score and (ii) Medical Expert competencies supports construct validity. Evidence of validity was not obtained for intrinsic CanMEDS competencies. More... »

PAGES

280-289

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12630-012-9871-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12630-012-9871-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017076747

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23334779


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