Review article: Simulation: a means to address and improve patient safety View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-02

AUTHORS

Viren N. Naik, Susan E. Brien

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to review the role of technical and nontechnical skills in routine and crisis situations. We discuss the role of different simulation modalities in addressing these skills and competencies to enhance patient safety. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Human and system errors are a recognized cause of significant morbidity and mortality. Technical skills encompass the medical and procedural knowledge required for patient care, while nontechnical skills are behaviour-based and include task management, situation awareness, teamwork, decision-making, and leadership. Both sets of skills are required to improve patient safety. Healthcare simulation can provide an opportunity to practice technical and nontechnical skills in a patient-safe environment. More specifically, these skills are most required in dynamic and crisis situations, which may best be practiced in a simulated patient setting. CONCLUSION: Healthcare simulation is a valuable tool to improve patient safety. Simulation-based education can focus on the necessary technical and nontechnical skills to enhance patient safety. Simulation-based research can serve as a means to identify gaps in current practice, test different solutions, and show improved practice patterns by studying performance in a setting that does not compromise patient safety. More... »

PAGES

192-200

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12630-012-9860-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12630-012-9860-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014982023

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23239487


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