Precipitation of spherical boehmite from concentrated sodium aluminate solution by adding gibbsite as seed View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-07-29

AUTHORS

Gui-hua Liu, Zheng Li, Xiao-bin Li, Tian-gui Qi, Zhi-hong Peng, Qiu-sheng Zhou

ABSTRACT

The precipitation of spherical boehmite was studied by surface energy calculations, measurements of precipitation ratios, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The surface energy calculation results show that the (001) and (112) planes of gibbsite surfaces are remarkably stable because of their low surface energies. In addition, the (010) plane of boehmite grows preferentially during precipitation because of its low surface energy. Thus, we propose a method to precipitate spherical boehmite from a supersaturated sodium aluminate solution by adding gibbsite as seed in a heterogeneous system. In this method, gibbsite acts as the preliminary seed and saturation modifier. The results show that the fine boehmite first nucleates on the (001) and (112) planes of gibbsite and then grows vertically on the (001) and (112) basal planes of gibbsite via self-assembly, thereby forming spherical boehmite. Simultaneously, gibbsite is dissolved into the aluminate solution to maintain the saturation for the precipitation of boehmite. The precipitation ratio fluctuates (forming an M-shaped curve) because of gibbsite dissolution and boehmite precipitation. The mechanism of boehmite precipitation was further discussed on the basis of the differences in surface energy and solubility between gibbsite and boehmite. This study provides an environmentally friendly and economical method to prepare specific boehmite in a heterogeneous system. More... »

PAGES

954-963

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12613-017-1483-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12613-017-1483-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090916483


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