An Innovative Day Hospital Dedicated to Nursing Home Resident: A Descriptive Study of 1306 Residents Referred by their Physicians View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-11

AUTHORS

Clarisse Laffon de Mazières, M. Romain, S. Hermabessière, G. Abellan, S. Gerard, A. Castex, T. Krams, B. Vellas, Y. Rolland

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The transfer rate of residents from nursing homes (NH) to emergency rooms is high. These transfers are often inappropriate but also potentially avoidable. Recent studies have shown that in terms of methods for training NH teams, proposals for improvement of the healthcare sector must be organized. Given this observation, Gérontopôle de Toulouse (France) opened in October 2015, a responsive day hospital dedicated to NH residents (DH NH). This day hospital is characterized by its vocation, exclusively dedicated to NH residents and its ability to provide patient care within a short period of time. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this day hospital is twofold: (1) decrease the rate of inappropriate transfers for NH residents by offering general practitioners and NH teams quick access to expert advice, blood tests and radiological examinations during hospitalizations and care adapted to the characteristics of NH residents; (2) potentially reduce avoidable transfers to emergency rooms and hospitalizations by taking action to prevent acute decompensation in residents, but also for the education and training of NH healthcare teams. This manuscript aims to describe the arrangements put in place and the characteristics of the residents collected after two years of activity. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study. SETTING: Gérontopôle of Toulouse, France. PARTICIPANTS: 1306 residents have been consulted at the DH NH. MEASUREMENTS: Referring physicians (treating physicians, coordinating physician or emergency room physicians) send a standardized hospitalization request form to the day hospital by fax or email indicating the reason for the request, specialist opinion(s) desired and additional required examination(s). A gerontological assessment was conducted and anamnesis data was collected for each resident, on the very day of their coming to the DH NH. RESULTS: In 2 years, 1306 residents from 120 NHs were sent to the DH NH. The mean age was 86.23 ± 7.05 years and the majority of patients were women (n=941, 72.22%), dependent (median ADL at 2.75, [1.25-4.5]) and malnourished (821, 63.25%). In the 3 months prior to their visit to the day hospital, 668 (57.14%) residents had been hospitalized, and one-quarter (n=336, 25.72%) had been transferred to emergency rooms. The main reasons for hospitalization included assessment of cognitive disorders (n=336, 17.52%), assistance in managing behavioral disorders (n=297, 15.48%) and bedsores and slow wound healing (n=223, 11.63%). CONCLUSION: Our experience over a 2-year period suggests that the DH NH could be a practical response to the problem of inappropriate and avoidable transfers of NH residents to emergency rooms. This innovation could easily be utilized in other hospitals. More... »

PAGES

1138-1143

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12603-018-1106-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12603-018-1106-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107090252

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30379316


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    231 schema:name Department of Geriatric Medicine, Gérontopôle, Toulouse University Hospital (CHU de Toulouse), Cité de la santé - 20, rue du Pont Saint-Pierre - TSA 60033, 31059, Toulouse cedex 9, France
    232 Inserm UMR 1027, 37 Allées Jules Guesde, Toulouse, France
    233 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




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