Changes in defense-related antioxidative enzymes amongst the resistant and susceptible soybean genotypes under whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) stress View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-09-10

AUTHORS

Giri Naga Harish, Ravinder Singh, Sucheta Sharma, Gaurav Kumar Taggar

ABSTRACT

Soybean is one of the major pulse crops being cultivated in India. The production and productivity of soybean are greatly affected due to whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) feeding associated direct damage and indirectly due to yellow mosaic virus transmission. In the present study, activities of antioxidative enzymes viz. superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD) and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) were estimated spectrophotometrically from the leaf samples collected at two-time intervals (30 and 50 days after sowing) from the whitefly-infested and uninfested plants of eight soybean genotypes. Antioxidative enzyme activities (SOD, POD and PPO) were increased with B. tabaci infestation in all genotypes, with significant variation was recorded among the genotypes at both the sampling intervals. In general, SOD, POD and PPO activities were high in moderately resistant genotypes in whitefly-infested conditions and were negatively correlated with the whitefly population (nymphs and adults), suggesting that the increased activities might have been involved in providing defence against B. tabaci damage. The possible potential mechanisms involving higher antioxidative enzyme activities dealing the insect damage and offering resistance are also discussed. More... »

PAGES

1-13

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2013-10-16. Soybean: Introduction, Improvement, and Utilization in India—Problems and Prospects in AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
  • 2008-09-10. Induction of the activities of antioxidative enzymes and the levels of malondialdehyde in cucumber seedlings as a consequence of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) infestation in ARTHROPOD-PLANT INTERACTIONS
  • 2020-08-05. Antibiosis in wild rice accessions induced by Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) feeding in PHYTOPARASITICA
  • 2015-03-29. Transcriptional responses of tolerant and susceptible soybeans to soybean aphid (Aphis glycines Matsumura) herbivory in ARTHROPOD-PLANT INTERACTIONS
  • 1994-03. Oxidative responses in soybean foliage to herbivory by bean leaf beetle and three-cornered alfalfa hopper in JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ECOLOGY
  • 2011-02. Resistance of Soybean Genotypes to Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) Biotype B (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in NEOTROPICAL ENTOMOLOGY
  • 2008-01-01. Defensive Roles of Polyphenol Oxidase in Plants in INDUCED PLANT RESISTANCE TO HERBIVORY
  • 2008. Induced Plant Resistance to Herbivory in NONE
  • 1995-10. Foliar oxidative stress and insect herbivory: Primary compounds, secondary metabolites, and reactive oxygen species as components of induced resistance in JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ECOLOGY
  • 2017-01-18. Insecticide resistance status in the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci genetic groups Asia-I, Asia-II-1 and Asia-II-7 on the Indian subcontinent in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12600-022-01028-9

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12600-022-01028-9

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