Harnessing cyanobacterium-fungal interactions to develop potting mixes for disease-free tomato nursery View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-07-18

AUTHORS

Jyoti Shukla, Udita Gulia, Himani Gupta, Krati Gupta, Robin Gogoi, Arun Kumar, Himanshu Mahawar, Sekar Nishanth, Garima Saxena, Awani Kumar Singh, Lata Nain, Yashbir Singh Shivay, Radha Prasanna

ABSTRACT

Cyanobacteria and their interactions with phytopathogenic fungi in soil-less potting mixes is a less explored aspect in the protected cultivation of crops, as fungal diseases often bring about serious losses. The nursery of tomato was raised with A. laxa amended /unamended soil-less substrate mixes [P:C, perlite: cocopeat (1:1); C:V, cocopeat: vermiculite (1:1); P:C:V, perlite: cocopeat: vermiculite: (1:1:1)]. Preliminary investigation of percent germination of tomato seeds in the different media with the treatments illustrated the differential influence of the media, and Anabaena laxa amended treatments showing highest values, including those challenged with F. solani. To further understand the nature of such interactions in the rhizosphere, transplantation of 30 d-old seedlings was undertaken in mesocosm experiments deploying soil-less substrate mixes (P:C, C:V, P:C:V) challenged with /without Fusarium solani or Rhizoctonia solani. Significant increases of 10–46% were recorded in the total soil polysaccharides and dehydrogenase activity with F. solani, and in IAA with R. solani, compared to control. Among the treatments, T4 (A. laxa ± Fs) showed an almost 60% increase in terms of nitrogen and organic carbon content. This illustrated that A. laxa effectively interacted with both fungi and improved the nutrient availability in the media; interestingly, F. solani exhibited a growth stimulatory role. Cyanobacterium-fungal interactions led to better growth of tomato plants, illustrating that A. laxa amendment can be a promising option, particularly, in P:C:V, as media for developing robust and disease-free nurseries. More... »

PAGES

1-14

References to SciGraph publications

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    20 schema:description Abstract Cyanobacteria and their interactions with phytopathogenic fungi in soil-less potting mixes is a less explored aspect in the protected cultivation of crops, as fungal diseases often bring about serious losses. The nursery of tomato was raised with A. laxa amended /unamended soil-less substrate mixes [P:C, perlite: cocopeat (1:1); C:V, cocopeat: vermiculite (1:1); P:C:V, perlite: cocopeat: vermiculite: (1:1:1)]. Preliminary investigation of percent germination of tomato seeds in the different media with the treatments illustrated the differential influence of the media, and Anabaena laxa amended treatments showing highest values, including those challenged with F. solani. To further understand the nature of such interactions in the rhizosphere, transplantation of 30 d-old seedlings was undertaken in mesocosm experiments deploying soil-less substrate mixes (P:C, C:V, P:C:V) challenged with /without Fusarium solani or Rhizoctonia solani. Significant increases of 10–46% were recorded in the total soil polysaccharides and dehydrogenase activity with F. solani, and in IAA with R. solani, compared to control. Among the treatments, T4 (A. laxa ± Fs) showed an almost 60% increase in terms of nitrogen and organic carbon content. This illustrated that A. laxa effectively interacted with both fungi and improved the nutrient availability in the media; interestingly, F. solani exhibited a growth stimulatory role. Cyanobacterium-fungal interactions led to better growth of tomato plants, illustrating that A. laxa amendment can be a promising option, particularly, in P:C:V, as media for developing robust and disease-free nurseries.
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    24 schema:keywords A. laxa
    25 Anabaena
    26 F. solani
    27 Fusarium solani
    28 IAA
    29 R. solani
    30 Rhizoctonia solani
    31 T4
    32 activity
    33 amendments
    34 aspects
    35 availability
    36 better growth
    37 carbon content
    38 content
    39 control
    40 crops
    41 cultivation
    42 cultivation of crops
    43 cyanobacteria
    44 dehydrogenase activity
    45 different media
    46 differential influence
    47 disease
    48 experiments
    49 fungal diseases
    50 fungal interactions
    51 fungi
    52 germination
    53 growth
    54 growth-stimulatory role
    55 higher values
    56 increase
    57 influence
    58 interaction
    59 investigation
    60 laxa
    61 loss
    62 medium
    63 mesocosm experiment
    64 mix
    65 nature
    66 nitrogen
    67 nursery
    68 nutrient availability
    69 old seedlings
    70 options
    71 organic carbon content
    72 percent germination
    73 phytopathogenic fungi
    74 plants
    75 polysaccharides
    76 preliminary investigation
    77 promising option
    78 rhizosphere
    79 role
    80 seedlings
    81 seeds
    82 serious loss
    83 significant increase
    84 soil polysaccharides
    85 soil-less substrate
    86 solani
    87 stimulatory role
    88 substrate
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    90 such interactions
    91 terms
    92 terms of nitrogen
    93 tomato
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    100 schema:name Harnessing cyanobacterium-fungal interactions to develop potting mixes for disease-free tomato nursery
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