Presence of less-preferred hosts of the aphid parasitoids Aphidius ervi and Praon volucre reduces parasitism efficiency View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-01-13

AUTHORS

Muhammad Mubashir Saeed, Abu Bakar Muhammad Raza, Muhammad Afzal, Anjum Aqueel, Muhammad Farooq, Thierry Hance

ABSTRACT

Parasitoids are characterized by a defined range of hosts, either more specialist or generalist. Under natural conditions, females may encounter different host species on the same plant or in the same location. In this case, their preference for one host could influence their choice. However, the presence of less suitable hosts may also affect their choice and, in some cases, may reduce their interest in a patch where both preferred and less preferred hosts are available. The aim of the present study was to test the consequences of the simultaneous presence of three cereal aphids (Sitobion avenae Fabricius, Metopolophium dirhodum Walker, and Rhopalosiphum padi Linnaeus) on the parasitism by two of their parasitoids, Aphidius ervi Haliday and Praon volucre Haliday. Firstly, in the no-choice experiment, A. ervi parasitized on S. avenae at a significantly higher rate as compared to M. dirhodum, whereas no parasitism on R. padi was observed. P. volucre parasitized the three species of cereal aphids with a significant preference for S. avenae. Interestingly, when two or three host species were offered simultaneously in the same quantity to pairs of parasitoids, the level of parasitism was less than that observed for one host species alone. This observation exhibits a distractive effect on non-host species, from the defense mechanism of a non-suitable host or from the perception of bad quality patches. These results raise the question of the practical application of inundative release of parasitoids for biocontrol when several hosts are available simultaneously. More... »

PAGES

89-96

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100395381


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199 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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