Presence of less-preferred hosts of the aphid parasitoids Aphidius ervi and Praon volucre reduces parasitism efficiency View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-01-13

AUTHORS

Muhammad Mubashir Saeed, Abu Bakar Muhammad Raza, Muhammad Afzal, Anjum Aqueel, Muhammad Farooq, Thierry Hance

ABSTRACT

Parasitoids are characterized by a defined range of hosts, either more specialist or generalist. Under natural conditions, females may encounter different host species on the same plant or in the same location. In this case, their preference for one host could influence their choice. However, the presence of less suitable hosts may also affect their choice and, in some cases, may reduce their interest in a patch where both preferred and less preferred hosts are available. The aim of the present study was to test the consequences of the simultaneous presence of three cereal aphids (Sitobion avenae Fabricius, Metopolophium dirhodum Walker, and Rhopalosiphum padi Linnaeus) on the parasitism by two of their parasitoids, Aphidius ervi Haliday and Praon volucre Haliday. Firstly, in the no-choice experiment, A. ervi parasitized on S. avenae at a significantly higher rate as compared to M. dirhodum, whereas no parasitism on R. padi was observed. P. volucre parasitized the three species of cereal aphids with a significant preference for S. avenae. Interestingly, when two or three host species were offered simultaneously in the same quantity to pairs of parasitoids, the level of parasitism was less than that observed for one host species alone. This observation exhibits a distractive effect on non-host species, from the defense mechanism of a non-suitable host or from the perception of bad quality patches. These results raise the question of the practical application of inundative release of parasitoids for biocontrol when several hosts are available simultaneously. More... »

PAGES

89-96

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100395381


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/07", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0607", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Plant Biology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0703", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Crop and Pasture Production", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Earth and Life Institute, Biodiversity Research Centre, Universit\u00e9 Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7942.8", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Entomology, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan", 
            "Earth and Life Institute, Biodiversity Research Centre, Universit\u00e9 Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Saeed", 
        "givenName": "Muhammad Mubashir", 
        "id": "sg:person.016571775434.07", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016571775434.07"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Entomology, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412782.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Entomology, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Raza", 
        "givenName": "Abu Bakar Muhammad", 
        "id": "sg:person.01234471714.53", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01234471714.53"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Entomology, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412782.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Entomology, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Afzal", 
        "givenName": "Muhammad", 
        "id": "sg:person.014306116774.46", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014306116774.46"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Entomology, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412782.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Entomology, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Aqueel", 
        "givenName": "Anjum", 
        "id": "sg:person.014447567234.52", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014447567234.52"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Cotton Research Station, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464523.2", 
          "name": [
            "Cotton Research Station, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Farooq", 
        "givenName": "Muhammad", 
        "id": "sg:person.014521534040.52", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014521534040.52"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Earth and Life Institute, Biodiversity Research Centre, Universit\u00e9 Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7942.8", 
          "name": [
            "Earth and Life Institute, Biodiversity Research Centre, Universit\u00e9 Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hance", 
        "givenName": "Thierry", 
        "id": "sg:person.01252023021.07", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01252023021.07"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02769896", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039471683", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02769896"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-008-1036-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029394146", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-008-1036-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-003-1235-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001669088", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-003-1235-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/1-4020-2904-7_11", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008789357", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-2904-7_11"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2018-01-13", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2018-01-13", 
    "description": "Parasitoids are characterized by a defined range of hosts, either more specialist or generalist. Under natural conditions, females may encounter different host species on the same plant or in the same location. In this case, their preference for one host could influence their choice. However, the presence of less suitable hosts may also affect their choice and, in some cases, may reduce their interest in a patch where both preferred and less preferred hosts are available. The aim of the present study was to test the consequences of the simultaneous presence of three cereal aphids (Sitobion avenae Fabricius, Metopolophium dirhodum Walker, and Rhopalosiphum padi Linnaeus) on the parasitism by two of their parasitoids, Aphidius ervi Haliday and Praon volucre Haliday. Firstly, in the no-choice experiment, A. ervi parasitized on S. avenae at a significantly higher rate as compared to M. dirhodum, whereas no parasitism on R. padi was observed. P. volucre parasitized the three species of cereal aphids with a significant preference for S. avenae. Interestingly, when two or three host species were offered simultaneously in the same quantity to pairs of parasitoids, the level of parasitism was less than that observed for one host species alone. This observation exhibits a distractive effect on non-host species, from the defense mechanism of a non-suitable host or from the perception of bad quality patches. These results raise the question of the practical application of inundative release of parasitoids for biocontrol when several hosts are available simultaneously.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1121015", 
        "issn": [
          "0334-2123", 
          "1876-7184"
        ], 
        "name": "Phytoparasitica", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "46"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "host species", 
      "cereal aphids", 
      "non-host species", 
      "levels of parasitism", 
      "range of hosts", 
      "different host species", 
      "inundative releases", 
      "natural conditions", 
      "parasitoids", 
      "suitable host", 
      "species", 
      "more specialists", 
      "preferred host", 
      "parasitism efficiency", 
      "parasitism", 
      "choice experiment", 
      "significant preference", 
      "Aphidius ervi Haliday", 
      "patches", 
      "Aphidius ervi", 
      "same plant", 
      "same location", 
      "aphids", 
      "generalists", 
      "ervi Haliday", 
      "host", 
      "biocontrol", 
      "Haliday", 
      "ervi", 
      "aphid parasitoid Aphidius ervi", 
      "plants", 
      "avenae", 
      "Praon", 
      "parasitoid Aphidius ervi", 
      "preferences", 
      "padi", 
      "dirhodum", 
      "high rate", 
      "same quantity", 
      "specialists", 
      "location", 
      "consequences", 
      "quantity", 
      "range", 
      "present study", 
      "presence", 
      "conditions", 
      "release", 
      "pairs of parasitoids", 
      "defense mechanisms", 
      "experiments", 
      "effect", 
      "levels", 
      "observations", 
      "rate", 
      "study", 
      "results", 
      "simultaneous presence", 
      "questions", 
      "applications", 
      "interest", 
      "choice", 
      "aim", 
      "practical applications", 
      "females", 
      "efficiency", 
      "pairs", 
      "mechanism", 
      "perception", 
      "cases", 
      "Praon volucre Haliday", 
      "volucre Haliday", 
      "distractive effect", 
      "non-suitable host", 
      "bad quality patches", 
      "quality patches"
    ], 
    "name": "Presence of less-preferred hosts of the aphid parasitoids Aphidius ervi and Praon volucre reduces parasitism efficiency", 
    "pagination": "89-96", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1100395381"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100395381"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T18:45", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_756.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

200 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      107 URIs      93 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0607
3 anzsrc-for:07
4 anzsrc-for:0703
5 schema:author Nc88d3b4974d84c81a554188cf813b9b1
6 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/1-4020-2904-7_11
7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02769896
8 sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-003-1235-2
9 sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-008-1036-8
10 schema:datePublished 2018-01-13
11 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-01-13
12 schema:description Parasitoids are characterized by a defined range of hosts, either more specialist or generalist. Under natural conditions, females may encounter different host species on the same plant or in the same location. In this case, their preference for one host could influence their choice. However, the presence of less suitable hosts may also affect their choice and, in some cases, may reduce their interest in a patch where both preferred and less preferred hosts are available. The aim of the present study was to test the consequences of the simultaneous presence of three cereal aphids (Sitobion avenae Fabricius, Metopolophium dirhodum Walker, and Rhopalosiphum padi Linnaeus) on the parasitism by two of their parasitoids, Aphidius ervi Haliday and Praon volucre Haliday. Firstly, in the no-choice experiment, A. ervi parasitized on S. avenae at a significantly higher rate as compared to M. dirhodum, whereas no parasitism on R. padi was observed. P. volucre parasitized the three species of cereal aphids with a significant preference for S. avenae. Interestingly, when two or three host species were offered simultaneously in the same quantity to pairs of parasitoids, the level of parasitism was less than that observed for one host species alone. This observation exhibits a distractive effect on non-host species, from the defense mechanism of a non-suitable host or from the perception of bad quality patches. These results raise the question of the practical application of inundative release of parasitoids for biocontrol when several hosts are available simultaneously.
13 schema:genre article
14 schema:inLanguage en
15 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
16 schema:isPartOf N65b89bf027dc4fd2952c7441d8bdfc83
17 N7d20b98b1402430eab84fb2dadcd6265
18 sg:journal.1121015
19 schema:keywords Aphidius ervi
20 Aphidius ervi Haliday
21 Haliday
22 Praon
23 Praon volucre Haliday
24 aim
25 aphid parasitoid Aphidius ervi
26 aphids
27 applications
28 avenae
29 bad quality patches
30 biocontrol
31 cases
32 cereal aphids
33 choice
34 choice experiment
35 conditions
36 consequences
37 defense mechanisms
38 different host species
39 dirhodum
40 distractive effect
41 effect
42 efficiency
43 ervi
44 ervi Haliday
45 experiments
46 females
47 generalists
48 high rate
49 host
50 host species
51 interest
52 inundative releases
53 levels
54 levels of parasitism
55 location
56 mechanism
57 more specialists
58 natural conditions
59 non-host species
60 non-suitable host
61 observations
62 padi
63 pairs
64 pairs of parasitoids
65 parasitism
66 parasitism efficiency
67 parasitoid Aphidius ervi
68 parasitoids
69 patches
70 perception
71 plants
72 practical applications
73 preferences
74 preferred host
75 presence
76 present study
77 quality patches
78 quantity
79 questions
80 range
81 range of hosts
82 rate
83 release
84 results
85 same location
86 same plant
87 same quantity
88 significant preference
89 simultaneous presence
90 specialists
91 species
92 study
93 suitable host
94 volucre Haliday
95 schema:name Presence of less-preferred hosts of the aphid parasitoids Aphidius ervi and Praon volucre reduces parasitism efficiency
96 schema:pagination 89-96
97 schema:productId N826fabac1acd4ed49b927dd4c5fab8cc
98 Nc5488d4089894e869f0c25911e18cac6
99 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100395381
100 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y
101 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T18:45
102 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
103 schema:sdPublisher N4d36eeb26b5f42cea5548310933c48dd
104 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y
105 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
106 sgo:sdDataset articles
107 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
108 N0448defff5ca45658cf5d40f4468ed42 rdf:first sg:person.014447567234.52
109 rdf:rest N9083241b625c492e99144890c77e87df
110 N2b47ec8998424dadae887a7a90bc9934 rdf:first sg:person.014306116774.46
111 rdf:rest N0448defff5ca45658cf5d40f4468ed42
112 N4d36eeb26b5f42cea5548310933c48dd schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
113 rdf:type schema:Organization
114 N65b89bf027dc4fd2952c7441d8bdfc83 schema:volumeNumber 46
115 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
116 N7d20b98b1402430eab84fb2dadcd6265 schema:issueNumber 1
117 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
118 N826fabac1acd4ed49b927dd4c5fab8cc schema:name dimensions_id
119 schema:value pub.1100395381
120 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
121 N9083241b625c492e99144890c77e87df rdf:first sg:person.014521534040.52
122 rdf:rest Nb0569a3d08b845e6a8df6204dc3bc26a
123 Nb0569a3d08b845e6a8df6204dc3bc26a rdf:first sg:person.01252023021.07
124 rdf:rest rdf:nil
125 Nc5488d4089894e869f0c25911e18cac6 schema:name doi
126 schema:value 10.1007/s12600-018-0637-y
127 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
128 Nc88d3b4974d84c81a554188cf813b9b1 rdf:first sg:person.016571775434.07
129 rdf:rest Ncf936f1df112446e968703c2bfa38c66
130 Ncf936f1df112446e968703c2bfa38c66 rdf:first sg:person.01234471714.53
131 rdf:rest N2b47ec8998424dadae887a7a90bc9934
132 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
133 schema:name Biological Sciences
134 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
135 anzsrc-for:0607 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
136 schema:name Plant Biology
137 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
138 anzsrc-for:07 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
139 schema:name Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
140 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
141 anzsrc-for:0703 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
142 schema:name Crop and Pasture Production
143 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
144 sg:journal.1121015 schema:issn 0334-2123
145 1876-7184
146 schema:name Phytoparasitica
147 schema:publisher Springer Nature
148 rdf:type schema:Periodical
149 sg:person.01234471714.53 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412782.a
150 schema:familyName Raza
151 schema:givenName Abu Bakar Muhammad
152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01234471714.53
153 rdf:type schema:Person
154 sg:person.01252023021.07 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.7942.8
155 schema:familyName Hance
156 schema:givenName Thierry
157 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01252023021.07
158 rdf:type schema:Person
159 sg:person.014306116774.46 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412782.a
160 schema:familyName Afzal
161 schema:givenName Muhammad
162 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014306116774.46
163 rdf:type schema:Person
164 sg:person.014447567234.52 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412782.a
165 schema:familyName Aqueel
166 schema:givenName Anjum
167 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014447567234.52
168 rdf:type schema:Person
169 sg:person.014521534040.52 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.464523.2
170 schema:familyName Farooq
171 schema:givenName Muhammad
172 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014521534040.52
173 rdf:type schema:Person
174 sg:person.016571775434.07 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.7942.8
175 schema:familyName Saeed
176 schema:givenName Muhammad Mubashir
177 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016571775434.07
178 rdf:type schema:Person
179 sg:pub.10.1007/1-4020-2904-7_11 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008789357
180 https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-2904-7_11
181 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
182 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02769896 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039471683
183 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02769896
184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
185 sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-003-1235-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001669088
186 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-003-1235-2
187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
188 sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-008-1036-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029394146
189 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-008-1036-8
190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
191 grid-institutes:grid.412782.a schema:alternateName Department of Entomology, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan
192 schema:name Department of Entomology, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan
193 rdf:type schema:Organization
194 grid-institutes:grid.464523.2 schema:alternateName Cotton Research Station, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan
195 schema:name Cotton Research Station, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan
196 rdf:type schema:Organization
197 grid-institutes:grid.7942.8 schema:alternateName Earth and Life Institute, Biodiversity Research Centre, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
198 schema:name Department of Entomology, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan
199 Earth and Life Institute, Biodiversity Research Centre, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
200 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...