GIS Based Spatial and Temporal Investigation of Groundwater and Soil Quality along Noyyal River, Tiruppur, India View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-09-07

AUTHORS

Chandra Devi Raman, Martin Mkandawire

ABSTRACT

Soil and water quality crisis owing to industrialization is massive at present due to the illegal discharge of wastewater to the environment. Textile is one such industry, discharges untreated wastewater into nearby environment and poses major threats worldwide. Similar situation was observed for the last three decades (1980–2013) along Noyyal river in Tiruppur, India. Since 2013, zero liquid discharge (ZLD) has been adopted by the textile industries in Tiruppur to reduce further deterioration of environment. The groundwater from open wells and soil from agricultural land was examined continuously for three years (2015, 2016 and 2017) in order to assess the existing environment status along Noyyal river basin in Tiruppur. The GIS study reveals that 71% of groundwater remains unsuitable for drinking and also 54% are unfit for irrigation use. The findings further reveal that 61% of surface and 20% of subsurface soils are not suitable for agriculture. The detailed investigations established that the open wells located in the downstream of textile industries and near to Orathupalayam reservoir are highly contaminated with organic and inorganic contaminants associated with textile processing activities. The temporal variation of groundwater in these open wells indicated that the dilution by rainwater is very slow. It is also identified that soils near to the contaminated open wells are extremely affected and soil of 15 cm depth is extremely contaminated. Thus, implementation of ZLD somewhat reduced discharge of wastewater into the basin; however the recovery of groundwater to potable quality and soils for agriculture production needs immediate remediation. More... »

PAGES

1097-1104

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12594-021-1825-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12594-021-1825-9

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1140944166


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