Observation on Rock Melt Extrusion Occurrence in Southern Part of Tamil Nadu View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2021-02-12

AUTHORS

Biju John, Yogendra Singh, D. T. Rao, M. C. Barman, A. P. Pradeepkumar, K. Sajeev

ABSTRACT

Some recent studies have suggested that the phenomenon of Rock Melt Extrusion (RME) observed in the southern part of Peninsular India could be considered as evidence of volcanism. This suggestion raised major concern for the safety of the southernmost nuclear power plant of India located at Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu. As per IAEA guidelines for siting a nuclear facility, the behaviour of volcanic activity, if identified, needs to be considered for an area of 100 km radius. Hence an investigation was carried out to understand the genesis of the RME phenomena in this region. Review of earlier studies indicates that no volcanic rock younger than Deccan Trap volcanism (70–63 Ma) has been reported in the area and also that the area is undergoing compression in the present tectonic set-up. The physical observations support the suggestion that the RME phenomena has resulted from lightning and electrical discharge. For further ascertaining the characteristics of the RME, detailed analyses were carried out on the RME samples. Petrographical observations on the RME samples from Abhishekapatti suggest instant melting and consolidation in soil where bigger grains of quartz were not melted. Geochemical analysis of different portions of RME and the surrounding soil suggests that there is no variation between the two and both are of comparable compositions. The results suggest that the melt was produced instantaneously and has resulted from the superficial melting of soil. The purpose of this article is to make the public aware that the reported incidence of RME in Southern Peninsular India has nothing to do with volcanic activity and is related to lightning and electrical discharge. More... »

PAGES

119-124

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12594-021-1641-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12594-021-1641-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1135336068


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Earth Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0403", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Geology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Institute of Rock Mechanics, 560 070, Bengaluru, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "National Institute of Rock Mechanics, 560 070, Bengaluru, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "John", 
        "givenName": "Biju", 
        "id": "sg:person.010202720035.47", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010202720035.47"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Institute of Rock Mechanics, 560 070, Bengaluru, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "National Institute of Rock Mechanics, 560 070, Bengaluru, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Singh", 
        "givenName": "Yogendra", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Institute of Rock Mechanics, 560 070, Bengaluru, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "National Institute of Rock Mechanics, 560 070, Bengaluru, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rao", 
        "givenName": "D. T.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "NPCIL, 400 094, Mumbai, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "NPCIL, 400 094, Mumbai, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Barman", 
        "givenName": "M. C.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Kerala, Kariyavattom, 695 581, Trivandrum, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413002.4", 
          "name": [
            "University of Kerala, Kariyavattom, 695 581, Trivandrum, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Pradeepkumar", 
        "givenName": "A. P.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010613242515.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010613242515.43"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Earth Sciences (CEaS), Indian Institute of Science, 560 012, Bengaluru, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.34980.36", 
          "name": [
            "Centre for Earth Sciences (CEaS), Indian Institute of Science, 560 012, Bengaluru, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sajeev", 
        "givenName": "K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016233551677.14", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016233551677.14"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12594-009-0119-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018905132", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-009-0119-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo580", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037561732", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo580"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00874731", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052125393", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00874731"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2021-02-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2021-02-12", 
    "description": "Some recent studies have suggested that the phenomenon of Rock Melt Extrusion (RME) observed in the southern part of Peninsular India could be considered as evidence of volcanism. This suggestion raised major concern for the safety of the southernmost nuclear power plant of India located at Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu. As per IAEA guidelines for siting a nuclear facility, the behaviour of volcanic activity, if identified, needs to be considered for an area of 100 km radius. Hence an investigation was carried out to understand the genesis of the RME phenomena in this region. Review of earlier studies indicates that no volcanic rock younger than Deccan Trap volcanism (70\u201363 Ma) has been reported in the area and also that the area is undergoing compression in the present tectonic set-up. The physical observations support the suggestion that the RME phenomena has resulted from lightning and electrical discharge. For further ascertaining the characteristics of the RME, detailed analyses were carried out on the RME samples. Petrographical observations on the RME samples from Abhishekapatti suggest instant melting and consolidation in soil where bigger grains of quartz were not melted. Geochemical analysis of different portions of RME and the surrounding soil suggests that there is no variation between the two and both are of comparable compositions. The results suggest that the melt was produced instantaneously and has resulted from the superficial melting of soil. The purpose of this article is to make the public aware that the reported incidence of RME in Southern Peninsular India has nothing to do with volcanic activity and is related to lightning and electrical discharge.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12594-021-1641-2", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1136575", 
        "issn": [
          "0016-7622", 
          "0974-6889"
        ], 
        "name": "Journal of the Geological Society of India", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "2", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "97"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "volcanic activity", 
      "peninsular India", 
      "southern part", 
      "evidence of volcanism", 
      "Deccan Traps volcanism", 
      "southern peninsular India", 
      "RME samples", 
      "volcanic rocks", 
      "petrographical observations", 
      "geochemical analyses", 
      "Tamil Nadu", 
      "volcanism", 
      "instant melting", 
      "comparable composition", 
      "physical observations", 
      "melting", 
      "IAEA guidelines", 
      "soil", 
      "lightning", 
      "India", 
      "rocks", 
      "superficial melting", 
      "Nadu", 
      "discharge", 
      "area", 
      "quartz", 
      "different portions", 
      "melt", 
      "genesis", 
      "nuclear facilities", 
      "Kudankulam", 
      "detailed analysis", 
      "earlier studies", 
      "part", 
      "composition", 
      "occurrence", 
      "variation", 
      "grains", 
      "nuclear power plants", 
      "region", 
      "portion", 
      "samples", 
      "public aware", 
      "extrusion", 
      "electrical discharge", 
      "phenomenon", 
      "Recent studies", 
      "power plants", 
      "major concern", 
      "analysis", 
      "evidence", 
      "characteristics", 
      "activity", 
      "compression", 
      "study", 
      "radius", 
      "investigation", 
      "big grains", 
      "suggestions", 
      "results", 
      "facilities", 
      "consolidation", 
      "plants", 
      "concern", 
      "behavior", 
      "purpose", 
      "review", 
      "guidelines", 
      "article", 
      "Aware", 
      "safety", 
      "melt extrusion", 
      "incidence", 
      "observations"
    ], 
    "name": "Observation on Rock Melt Extrusion Occurrence in Southern Part of Tamil Nadu", 
    "pagination": "119-124", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1135336068"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s12594-021-1641-2"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-021-1641-2", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1135336068"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-08-04T17:10", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220804/entities/gbq_results/article/article_890.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-021-1641-2"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12594-021-1641-2'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12594-021-1641-2'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12594-021-1641-2'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12594-021-1641-2'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

183 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      100 URIs      89 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s12594-021-1641-2 schema:about anzsrc-for:04
2 anzsrc-for:0403
3 schema:author N21df04dd435b43f4bf95ee721defc652
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00874731
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s12594-009-0119-4
6 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo580
7 schema:datePublished 2021-02-12
8 schema:datePublishedReg 2021-02-12
9 schema:description Some recent studies have suggested that the phenomenon of Rock Melt Extrusion (RME) observed in the southern part of Peninsular India could be considered as evidence of volcanism. This suggestion raised major concern for the safety of the southernmost nuclear power plant of India located at Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu. As per IAEA guidelines for siting a nuclear facility, the behaviour of volcanic activity, if identified, needs to be considered for an area of 100 km radius. Hence an investigation was carried out to understand the genesis of the RME phenomena in this region. Review of earlier studies indicates that no volcanic rock younger than Deccan Trap volcanism (70–63 Ma) has been reported in the area and also that the area is undergoing compression in the present tectonic set-up. The physical observations support the suggestion that the RME phenomena has resulted from lightning and electrical discharge. For further ascertaining the characteristics of the RME, detailed analyses were carried out on the RME samples. Petrographical observations on the RME samples from Abhishekapatti suggest instant melting and consolidation in soil where bigger grains of quartz were not melted. Geochemical analysis of different portions of RME and the surrounding soil suggests that there is no variation between the two and both are of comparable compositions. The results suggest that the melt was produced instantaneously and has resulted from the superficial melting of soil. The purpose of this article is to make the public aware that the reported incidence of RME in Southern Peninsular India has nothing to do with volcanic activity and is related to lightning and electrical discharge.
10 schema:genre article
11 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
12 schema:isPartOf Nbf8350b52718442592eeb1a79f689551
13 Nccf91c59bf4b403488081635900a8f74
14 sg:journal.1136575
15 schema:keywords Aware
16 Deccan Traps volcanism
17 IAEA guidelines
18 India
19 Kudankulam
20 Nadu
21 RME samples
22 Recent studies
23 Tamil Nadu
24 activity
25 analysis
26 area
27 article
28 behavior
29 big grains
30 characteristics
31 comparable composition
32 composition
33 compression
34 concern
35 consolidation
36 detailed analysis
37 different portions
38 discharge
39 earlier studies
40 electrical discharge
41 evidence
42 evidence of volcanism
43 extrusion
44 facilities
45 genesis
46 geochemical analyses
47 grains
48 guidelines
49 incidence
50 instant melting
51 investigation
52 lightning
53 major concern
54 melt
55 melt extrusion
56 melting
57 nuclear facilities
58 nuclear power plants
59 observations
60 occurrence
61 part
62 peninsular India
63 petrographical observations
64 phenomenon
65 physical observations
66 plants
67 portion
68 power plants
69 public aware
70 purpose
71 quartz
72 radius
73 region
74 results
75 review
76 rocks
77 safety
78 samples
79 soil
80 southern part
81 southern peninsular India
82 study
83 suggestions
84 superficial melting
85 variation
86 volcanic activity
87 volcanic rocks
88 volcanism
89 schema:name Observation on Rock Melt Extrusion Occurrence in Southern Part of Tamil Nadu
90 schema:pagination 119-124
91 schema:productId N85f9f55b32f34657b3c04b08d05bc8ab
92 Nab035d5c2b014720af9e8e1efd305e9f
93 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1135336068
94 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-021-1641-2
95 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-08-04T17:10
96 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
97 schema:sdPublisher N46a80e7309f54ad38664711eddf631c0
98 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-021-1641-2
99 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
100 sgo:sdDataset articles
101 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
102 N21df04dd435b43f4bf95ee721defc652 rdf:first sg:person.010202720035.47
103 rdf:rest Ncde32172f9b34eb0b51f16d44ad5bab3
104 N3483b6fa108145158be1824bd3ca4b6a schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
105 schema:familyName Rao
106 schema:givenName D. T.
107 rdf:type schema:Person
108 N46a80e7309f54ad38664711eddf631c0 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
109 rdf:type schema:Organization
110 N7e575fc6fe3b4307b3519d65b1f9b5a4 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
111 schema:familyName Singh
112 schema:givenName Yogendra
113 rdf:type schema:Person
114 N85f9f55b32f34657b3c04b08d05bc8ab schema:name dimensions_id
115 schema:value pub.1135336068
116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
117 N996bb77a35a34b4e8b30de8260bbeb42 rdf:first Nc23f1506c54043229ce9216d933f7247
118 rdf:rest Nd98b32b7c6d64303adfcc1114c8cda29
119 Nab035d5c2b014720af9e8e1efd305e9f schema:name doi
120 schema:value 10.1007/s12594-021-1641-2
121 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
122 Nb24d9ba2090b4bb0bf4a66dcec4cf498 rdf:first sg:person.016233551677.14
123 rdf:rest rdf:nil
124 Nbf8350b52718442592eeb1a79f689551 schema:volumeNumber 97
125 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
126 Nc226add7cd3e474390e62c7d28ae2386 rdf:first N3483b6fa108145158be1824bd3ca4b6a
127 rdf:rest N996bb77a35a34b4e8b30de8260bbeb42
128 Nc23f1506c54043229ce9216d933f7247 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
129 schema:familyName Barman
130 schema:givenName M. C.
131 rdf:type schema:Person
132 Nccf91c59bf4b403488081635900a8f74 schema:issueNumber 2
133 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
134 Ncde32172f9b34eb0b51f16d44ad5bab3 rdf:first N7e575fc6fe3b4307b3519d65b1f9b5a4
135 rdf:rest Nc226add7cd3e474390e62c7d28ae2386
136 Nd98b32b7c6d64303adfcc1114c8cda29 rdf:first sg:person.010613242515.43
137 rdf:rest Nb24d9ba2090b4bb0bf4a66dcec4cf498
138 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
139 schema:name Earth Sciences
140 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
141 anzsrc-for:0403 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
142 schema:name Geology
143 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
144 sg:journal.1136575 schema:issn 0016-7622
145 0974-6889
146 schema:name Journal of the Geological Society of India
147 schema:publisher Springer Nature
148 rdf:type schema:Periodical
149 sg:person.010202720035.47 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
150 schema:familyName John
151 schema:givenName Biju
152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010202720035.47
153 rdf:type schema:Person
154 sg:person.010613242515.43 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.413002.4
155 schema:familyName Pradeepkumar
156 schema:givenName A. P.
157 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010613242515.43
158 rdf:type schema:Person
159 sg:person.016233551677.14 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.34980.36
160 schema:familyName Sajeev
161 schema:givenName K.
162 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016233551677.14
163 rdf:type schema:Person
164 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00874731 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052125393
165 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00874731
166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
167 sg:pub.10.1007/s12594-009-0119-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018905132
168 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-009-0119-4
169 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
170 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo580 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037561732
171 https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo580
172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
173 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName NPCIL, 400 094, Mumbai, India
174 National Institute of Rock Mechanics, 560 070, Bengaluru, India
175 schema:name NPCIL, 400 094, Mumbai, India
176 National Institute of Rock Mechanics, 560 070, Bengaluru, India
177 rdf:type schema:Organization
178 grid-institutes:grid.34980.36 schema:alternateName Centre for Earth Sciences (CEaS), Indian Institute of Science, 560 012, Bengaluru, India
179 schema:name Centre for Earth Sciences (CEaS), Indian Institute of Science, 560 012, Bengaluru, India
180 rdf:type schema:Organization
181 grid-institutes:grid.413002.4 schema:alternateName University of Kerala, Kariyavattom, 695 581, Trivandrum, India
182 schema:name University of Kerala, Kariyavattom, 695 581, Trivandrum, India
183 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...