A One-Year Survey of Norovirus in UK Oysters Collected at the Point of Sale View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-05-02

AUTHORS

J. A. Lowther, N. E. Gustar, A. L. Powell, S. O’Brien, D. N. Lees

ABSTRACT

Contamination of bivalve shellfish, particularly oysters, with norovirus is recognised as a food safety risk and a potential contributor to the overall burden of gastroenteritis in the community. The United Kingdom (UK) has comprehensive national baseline data on the prevalence, levels, and seasonality of norovirus in oysters in production areas resulting from a previous two-year study (2009-2011). However, previously, data on final product as sold to the consumer have been lacking. As part of a wider project to establish the overall burden of foodborne norovirus in the UK, this study aimed to address this data gap. A one-year survey of oysters collected from the point-of-sale to the consumer was carried out from March 2015 to March 2016. A total of 630 samples, originating in five different European Union Member States, were collected from 21 regions across the UK using a randomised sampling plan, and tested for norovirus using a method compliant with ISO 15216-1, in addition to Escherichia coli as the statutory indicator of hygiene status. As in the previous production area study, norovirus RNA was detected in a high proportion of samples (68.7%), with a strong winter seasonality noted. Some statistically significant differences in prevalences and levels in oysters from different countries were noted, with samples originating in the Netherlands showing lower prevalences and levels than those from either the UK or Ireland. Overall, levels detected in positive samples were considerably lower than seen previously. Investigation of potential contributing factors to this pattern of results was carried out. Application of normalisation factors to the data from the two studies based on both the numbers of norovirus illness reports received by national surveillance systems, and the national average environmental temperatures during the two study periods resulted in a much closer agreement between the two data sets, with the notably different numbers of illness reports making the major contribution to the differences observed in norovirus levels in oysters. The large majority of samples (76.5%) contained no detectable E. coli; however, in a small number of samples (2.4%) levels above the statutory end product standard (230 MPN/100 g) were detected. This study both revealed the high prevalence of norovirus RNA in oysters directly available to the UK consumer, despite the high level of compliance with the existing E. coli-based health standards, while also highlighting the difficulty in comparing the results of surveys carried out in different time periods, due to variability in risk factors. More... »

PAGES

278-287

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12560-018-9338-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12560-018-9338-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103760664

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29722006


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Animals", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Caliciviridae Infections", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Commerce", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Escherichia coli", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Food Microbiology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Foodborne Diseases", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Gastroenteritis", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Hygiene", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Ireland", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Netherlands", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Norovirus", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Ostreidae", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Prevalence", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "RNA, Viral", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Seasons", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Shellfish", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Surveys and Questionnaires", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Temperature", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "United Kingdom", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Weymouth, DT4 8UB UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14332.37", 
          "name": [
            "Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Weymouth, DT4 8UB UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lowther", 
        "givenName": "J. A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0624002527.25", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0624002527.25"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Weymouth, DT4 8UB UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14332.37", 
          "name": [
            "Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Weymouth, DT4 8UB UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gustar", 
        "givenName": "N. E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01360320655.59", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01360320655.59"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Weymouth, DT4 8UB UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14332.37", 
          "name": [
            "Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Weymouth, DT4 8UB UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Powell", 
        "givenName": "A. L.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Psychology, Health & Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, England, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10025.36", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Psychology, Health & Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, England, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "O\u2019Brien", 
        "givenName": "S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0636016277.44", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0636016277.44"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Weymouth, DT4 8UB UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14332.37", 
          "name": [
            "Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Weymouth, DT4 8UB UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lees", 
        "givenName": "D. N.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0740231127.86", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0740231127.86"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12560-016-9228-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044635772", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12560-016-9228-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12560-012-9097-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047807320", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12560-012-9097-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2334-6-69", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027704501", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-6-69"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2018-05-02", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2018-05-02", 
    "description": "Contamination of bivalve shellfish, particularly oysters, with norovirus is recognised as a food safety risk and a potential contributor to the overall burden of gastroenteritis in the community. The United Kingdom (UK) has comprehensive national baseline data on the prevalence, levels, and seasonality of norovirus in oysters in production areas resulting from a previous two-year study (2009-2011). However, previously, data on final product as sold to the consumer have been lacking. As part of a wider project to establish the overall burden of foodborne norovirus in the UK, this study aimed to address this data gap. A one-year survey of oysters collected from the point-of-sale to the consumer was carried out from March 2015 to March 2016. A total of 630 samples, originating in five different European Union Member States, were collected from 21 regions across the UK using a randomised sampling plan, and tested for norovirus using a method compliant with ISO 15216-1, in addition to Escherichia coli as the statutory indicator of hygiene status. As in the previous production area study, norovirus RNA was detected in a high proportion of samples (68.7%), with a strong winter seasonality noted. Some statistically significant differences in prevalences and levels in oysters from different countries were noted, with samples originating in the Netherlands showing lower prevalences and levels than those from either the UK or Ireland. Overall, levels detected in positive samples were considerably lower than seen previously. Investigation of potential contributing factors to this pattern of results was carried out. Application of normalisation factors to the data from the two studies based on both the numbers of norovirus illness reports received by national surveillance systems, and the national average environmental temperatures during the two study periods resulted in a much closer agreement between the two data sets, with the notably different numbers of illness reports making the major contribution to the differences observed in norovirus levels in oysters. The large majority of samples (76.5%) contained no detectable E. coli; however, in a small number of samples (2.4%) levels above the statutory end product standard (230\u00a0MPN/100\u00a0g) were detected. This study both revealed the high prevalence of norovirus RNA in oysters directly available to the UK consumer, despite the high level of compliance with the existing E. coli-based health standards, while also highlighting the difficulty in comparing the results of surveys carried out in different time periods, due to variability in risk factors.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12560-018-9338-4", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1040542", 
        "issn": [
          "1867-0334", 
          "1867-0342"
        ], 
        "name": "Food and Environmental Virology", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "10"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "overall burden", 
      "norovirus RNA", 
      "illness reports", 
      "national surveillance system", 
      "national baseline data", 
      "one-year survey", 
      "foodborne norovirus", 
      "risk factors", 
      "hygiene status", 
      "high prevalence", 
      "low prevalence", 
      "prevalence", 
      "study period", 
      "ISO 15216", 
      "norovirus", 
      "baseline data", 
      "positive samples", 
      "significant differences", 
      "surveillance system", 
      "potential contributors", 
      "United Kingdom", 
      "winter seasonality", 
      "higher proportion", 
      "burden", 
      "health standards", 
      "food safety risks", 
      "report", 
      "large majority", 
      "high levels", 
      "levels", 
      "pattern of results", 
      "study", 
      "gastroenteritis", 
      "factors", 
      "two-year study", 
      "safety risks", 
      "RNA", 
      "time period", 
      "period", 
      "strong winter seasonality", 
      "differences", 
      "risk", 
      "total", 
      "bivalve shellfish", 
      "small number", 
      "different time periods", 
      "survey", 
      "norovirus levels", 
      "status", 
      "samples", 
      "compliance", 
      "Escherichia coli", 
      "majority", 
      "data", 
      "proportion", 
      "number", 
      "different countries", 
      "point of sale", 
      "coli", 
      "average environmental temperature", 
      "standards", 
      "contributor", 
      "data gaps", 
      "Netherlands", 
      "results", 
      "environmental temperature", 
      "indicators", 
      "shellfish", 
      "sample level", 
      "patterns", 
      "addition", 
      "difficulties", 
      "plan", 
      "area studies", 
      "results of surveys", 
      "countries", 
      "investigation", 
      "European Union member states", 
      "UK consumers", 
      "point", 
      "variability", 
      "area", 
      "Kingdom", 
      "consumers", 
      "Ireland", 
      "part", 
      "oysters", 
      "Union member states", 
      "region", 
      "seasonality", 
      "contamination", 
      "major contribution", 
      "community", 
      "method", 
      "product standards", 
      "products", 
      "state", 
      "system", 
      "contribution", 
      "gap", 
      "different European Union member states", 
      "data sets", 
      "sales", 
      "project", 
      "different numbers", 
      "sampling plan", 
      "agreement", 
      "member states", 
      "wider project", 
      "applications", 
      "close agreement", 
      "normalisation factor", 
      "set", 
      "final product", 
      "production areas", 
      "temperature", 
      "comprehensive national baseline data", 
      "seasonality of norovirus", 
      "statutory indicator", 
      "previous production area study", 
      "production area study", 
      "norovirus illness reports", 
      "national average environmental temperatures", 
      "statutory end product standard", 
      "end product standard", 
      "coli-based health standards", 
      "UK Oysters"
    ], 
    "name": "A One-Year Survey of Norovirus in UK Oysters Collected at the Point of Sale", 
    "pagination": "278-287", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1103760664"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s12560-018-9338-4"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "29722006"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12560-018-9338-4", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103760664"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T18:47", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_793.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12560-018-9338-4"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12560-018-9338-4'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12560-018-9338-4'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12560-018-9338-4'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12560-018-9338-4'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

311 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      176 URIs      165 LITERALS      27 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s12560-018-9338-4 schema:about N04c9ed5dc4ef4d72a95a0a7724778eab
2 N1291b88e22d84fae9435849977744729
3 N16fddcfcee0f496d8b3982afa707f973
4 N2741e25b78a847669b049f05463b29a9
5 N35f47f92110c45fba231896e7edbd73c
6 N43c257460b7c4644bb531e8466f533bc
7 N54bb04e9bff345b79caa704690757830
8 N56b991526f7749f09c58366a862f31b4
9 N633f8d99c83b4dbbb41815bcdf4a0dd4
10 N704e9c3d61014735b79cce26bb9be46c
11 N77e04a8f8e5248578c943af2b9fd9684
12 N887072d688ec46acb1e660345f11406b
13 N9826a7dbe77249c3af7ec2de149478a5
14 Nb55d9ea35d4242c585c95792ad611b42
15 Nc9527328d4614c62884451e151602314
16 Ncc1921ae94724f058fb5ad2e8537d4a5
17 Nd382159946e548b6acb844caca819cd5
18 Necb467a5ee9f441891131908350b4d88
19 Necb4db2b93ed47a8ba5e886716114013
20 Nf99809dccb2c426e8a891de7f4423c3f
21 anzsrc-for:11
22 anzsrc-for:1117
23 schema:author N2ab8400678cd4c12bcc934f5ac4840c3
24 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s12560-012-9097-6
25 sg:pub.10.1007/s12560-016-9228-6
26 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2334-6-69
27 schema:datePublished 2018-05-02
28 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-05-02
29 schema:description Contamination of bivalve shellfish, particularly oysters, with norovirus is recognised as a food safety risk and a potential contributor to the overall burden of gastroenteritis in the community. The United Kingdom (UK) has comprehensive national baseline data on the prevalence, levels, and seasonality of norovirus in oysters in production areas resulting from a previous two-year study (2009-2011). However, previously, data on final product as sold to the consumer have been lacking. As part of a wider project to establish the overall burden of foodborne norovirus in the UK, this study aimed to address this data gap. A one-year survey of oysters collected from the point-of-sale to the consumer was carried out from March 2015 to March 2016. A total of 630 samples, originating in five different European Union Member States, were collected from 21 regions across the UK using a randomised sampling plan, and tested for norovirus using a method compliant with ISO 15216-1, in addition to Escherichia coli as the statutory indicator of hygiene status. As in the previous production area study, norovirus RNA was detected in a high proportion of samples (68.7%), with a strong winter seasonality noted. Some statistically significant differences in prevalences and levels in oysters from different countries were noted, with samples originating in the Netherlands showing lower prevalences and levels than those from either the UK or Ireland. Overall, levels detected in positive samples were considerably lower than seen previously. Investigation of potential contributing factors to this pattern of results was carried out. Application of normalisation factors to the data from the two studies based on both the numbers of norovirus illness reports received by national surveillance systems, and the national average environmental temperatures during the two study periods resulted in a much closer agreement between the two data sets, with the notably different numbers of illness reports making the major contribution to the differences observed in norovirus levels in oysters. The large majority of samples (76.5%) contained no detectable E. coli; however, in a small number of samples (2.4%) levels above the statutory end product standard (230 MPN/100 g) were detected. This study both revealed the high prevalence of norovirus RNA in oysters directly available to the UK consumer, despite the high level of compliance with the existing E. coli-based health standards, while also highlighting the difficulty in comparing the results of surveys carried out in different time periods, due to variability in risk factors.
30 schema:genre article
31 schema:inLanguage en
32 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
33 schema:isPartOf N049479465db643fcb81c5809d5155172
34 Nf93f8a26c10f4e7baab2b3036c8d2fbb
35 sg:journal.1040542
36 schema:keywords Escherichia coli
37 European Union member states
38 ISO 15216
39 Ireland
40 Kingdom
41 Netherlands
42 RNA
43 UK Oysters
44 UK consumers
45 Union member states
46 United Kingdom
47 addition
48 agreement
49 applications
50 area
51 area studies
52 average environmental temperature
53 baseline data
54 bivalve shellfish
55 burden
56 close agreement
57 coli
58 coli-based health standards
59 community
60 compliance
61 comprehensive national baseline data
62 consumers
63 contamination
64 contribution
65 contributor
66 countries
67 data
68 data gaps
69 data sets
70 differences
71 different European Union member states
72 different countries
73 different numbers
74 different time periods
75 difficulties
76 end product standard
77 environmental temperature
78 factors
79 final product
80 food safety risks
81 foodborne norovirus
82 gap
83 gastroenteritis
84 health standards
85 high levels
86 high prevalence
87 higher proportion
88 hygiene status
89 illness reports
90 indicators
91 investigation
92 large majority
93 levels
94 low prevalence
95 major contribution
96 majority
97 member states
98 method
99 national average environmental temperatures
100 national baseline data
101 national surveillance system
102 normalisation factor
103 norovirus
104 norovirus RNA
105 norovirus illness reports
106 norovirus levels
107 number
108 one-year survey
109 overall burden
110 oysters
111 part
112 pattern of results
113 patterns
114 period
115 plan
116 point
117 point of sale
118 positive samples
119 potential contributors
120 prevalence
121 previous production area study
122 product standards
123 production area study
124 production areas
125 products
126 project
127 proportion
128 region
129 report
130 results
131 results of surveys
132 risk
133 risk factors
134 safety risks
135 sales
136 sample level
137 samples
138 sampling plan
139 seasonality
140 seasonality of norovirus
141 set
142 shellfish
143 significant differences
144 small number
145 standards
146 state
147 status
148 statutory end product standard
149 statutory indicator
150 strong winter seasonality
151 study
152 study period
153 surveillance system
154 survey
155 system
156 temperature
157 time period
158 total
159 two-year study
160 variability
161 wider project
162 winter seasonality
163 schema:name A One-Year Survey of Norovirus in UK Oysters Collected at the Point of Sale
164 schema:pagination 278-287
165 schema:productId N2ca36aa9571a46baa27df6a5df9c7cff
166 N3f6156f6a4694780bdc76a6e4704f25d
167 Ne0df863fc39b479b90f968e046475b9b
168 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103760664
169 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12560-018-9338-4
170 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T18:47
171 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
172 schema:sdPublisher Nb406c8fafb1f4cf89f8ca30580a07ec3
173 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s12560-018-9338-4
174 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
175 sgo:sdDataset articles
176 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
177 N049479465db643fcb81c5809d5155172 schema:issueNumber 3
178 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
179 N04c9ed5dc4ef4d72a95a0a7724778eab schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
180 schema:name Ireland
181 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
182 N1291b88e22d84fae9435849977744729 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
183 schema:name Shellfish
184 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
185 N16fddcfcee0f496d8b3982afa707f973 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
186 schema:name Surveys and Questionnaires
187 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
188 N2741e25b78a847669b049f05463b29a9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
189 schema:name Escherichia coli
190 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
191 N2ab8400678cd4c12bcc934f5ac4840c3 rdf:first sg:person.0624002527.25
192 rdf:rest Nb8c78b3a8a63457885f79c25b13a23d3
193 N2ca36aa9571a46baa27df6a5df9c7cff schema:name dimensions_id
194 schema:value pub.1103760664
195 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
196 N35f47f92110c45fba231896e7edbd73c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
197 schema:name Ostreidae
198 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
199 N3f6156f6a4694780bdc76a6e4704f25d schema:name pubmed_id
200 schema:value 29722006
201 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
202 N43c257460b7c4644bb531e8466f533bc schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
203 schema:name Animals
204 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
205 N54bb04e9bff345b79caa704690757830 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
206 schema:name United Kingdom
207 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
208 N553562a2e4b641ae91769a08f0fbd615 rdf:first sg:person.0636016277.44
209 rdf:rest Ndcb2ff27792f46e6a792cb2afdf782ca
210 N56b991526f7749f09c58366a862f31b4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
211 schema:name Food Microbiology
212 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
213 N5c616570fa574c24a8578b2feebcae97 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14332.37
214 schema:familyName Powell
215 schema:givenName A. L.
216 rdf:type schema:Person
217 N633f8d99c83b4dbbb41815bcdf4a0dd4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
218 schema:name Caliciviridae Infections
219 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
220 N704e9c3d61014735b79cce26bb9be46c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
221 schema:name Humans
222 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
223 N77e04a8f8e5248578c943af2b9fd9684 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
224 schema:name Netherlands
225 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
226 N887072d688ec46acb1e660345f11406b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
227 schema:name Foodborne Diseases
228 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
229 N9826a7dbe77249c3af7ec2de149478a5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
230 schema:name Norovirus
231 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
232 Nb0a58ac34b1e4bcf8251deb4277f7b1b rdf:first N5c616570fa574c24a8578b2feebcae97
233 rdf:rest N553562a2e4b641ae91769a08f0fbd615
234 Nb406c8fafb1f4cf89f8ca30580a07ec3 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
235 rdf:type schema:Organization
236 Nb55d9ea35d4242c585c95792ad611b42 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
237 schema:name Prevalence
238 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
239 Nb8c78b3a8a63457885f79c25b13a23d3 rdf:first sg:person.01360320655.59
240 rdf:rest Nb0a58ac34b1e4bcf8251deb4277f7b1b
241 Nc9527328d4614c62884451e151602314 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
242 schema:name Gastroenteritis
243 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
244 Ncc1921ae94724f058fb5ad2e8537d4a5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
245 schema:name Hygiene
246 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
247 Nd382159946e548b6acb844caca819cd5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
248 schema:name Commerce
249 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
250 Ndcb2ff27792f46e6a792cb2afdf782ca rdf:first sg:person.0740231127.86
251 rdf:rest rdf:nil
252 Ne0df863fc39b479b90f968e046475b9b schema:name doi
253 schema:value 10.1007/s12560-018-9338-4
254 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
255 Necb467a5ee9f441891131908350b4d88 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
256 schema:name Seasons
257 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
258 Necb4db2b93ed47a8ba5e886716114013 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
259 schema:name Temperature
260 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
261 Nf93f8a26c10f4e7baab2b3036c8d2fbb schema:volumeNumber 10
262 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
263 Nf99809dccb2c426e8a891de7f4423c3f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
264 schema:name RNA, Viral
265 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
266 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
267 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
268 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
269 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
270 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
271 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
272 sg:journal.1040542 schema:issn 1867-0334
273 1867-0342
274 schema:name Food and Environmental Virology
275 schema:publisher Springer Nature
276 rdf:type schema:Periodical
277 sg:person.01360320655.59 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14332.37
278 schema:familyName Gustar
279 schema:givenName N. E.
280 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01360320655.59
281 rdf:type schema:Person
282 sg:person.0624002527.25 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14332.37
283 schema:familyName Lowther
284 schema:givenName J. A.
285 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0624002527.25
286 rdf:type schema:Person
287 sg:person.0636016277.44 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10025.36
288 schema:familyName O’Brien
289 schema:givenName S.
290 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0636016277.44
291 rdf:type schema:Person
292 sg:person.0740231127.86 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14332.37
293 schema:familyName Lees
294 schema:givenName D. N.
295 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0740231127.86
296 rdf:type schema:Person
297 sg:pub.10.1007/s12560-012-9097-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047807320
298 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12560-012-9097-6
299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
300 sg:pub.10.1007/s12560-016-9228-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044635772
301 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12560-016-9228-6
302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
303 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2334-6-69 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027704501
304 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-6-69
305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
306 grid-institutes:grid.10025.36 schema:alternateName Institute of Psychology, Health & Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, England, UK
307 schema:name Institute of Psychology, Health & Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, England, UK
308 rdf:type schema:Organization
309 grid-institutes:grid.14332.37 schema:alternateName Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Weymouth, DT4 8UB UK
310 schema:name Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Weymouth, DT4 8UB UK
311 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...