Zooxanthellate zoantharians (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia: Zoantharia: Brachycnemina) in the northern Red Sea View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-05-13

AUTHORS

James Davis Reimer, Javier Montenegro, Maria E. A. Santos, Martyn E. Y. Low, Marcela Herrera, Remy Gatins, May B. Roberts, Michael L. Berumen

ABSTRACT

The Red Sea was one of the first areas of the Indo-Pacific to be investigated by marine taxonomists, and the literature on suborder Brachycnemina (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia: Zoantharia) for this region dates from the early nineteenth century. However, in the last 100 years there has been only one focused study on this group in the Red Sea. In the present study, specimens collected from the Saudi Arabian coast of the northern half of the Red Sea were phylogenetically analyzed by sequencing nuclear internal transcribed spacer regions of ribosomal DNA (ITS-rDNA), mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI), and 16S ribosomal DNA (16S–rDNA). The new results were compared with historical data in the literature and recent results from the Persian Gulf and the southeastern coast of Africa. Results show the presence of six to seven potential Brachycnemina species in the Red Sea; five to six Palythoa species (Palythoa mutuki, P. tuberculosa, P. cf. heliodiscus, P. aff. heliodiscus, and one to two species within the P. sp. “sakurajimensis” group) together with Zoanthus sansibaricus. While P. mutuki, P. tuberculosa, and Z. sansibaricus are known to be widely distributed in the Indo-Pacific, P. cf. heliodiscus and P. sp. “sakurajimensis” have not been reported from the Persian Gulf or the southeastern coast of Africa, and the current results represent large range extensions for these two species. Only one of the observed species, P. aff. heliodiscus, is potentially endemic to the Red Sea, further demonstrating the generally wide distributions of most zooxanthellate Brachycnemina species. More... »

PAGES

1079-1091

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2005-07-14. Phylogeny of the order Zoantharia (Anthozoa, Hexacorallia) based on the mitochondrial ribosomal genes in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1985-10. Dating of the human-ape splitting by a molecular clock of mitochondrial DNA in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 2014-06-19. Molecular diversity of coral reef-associated zoanthids off Qeshm Island, northern Persian Gulf in INTERNATIONAL AQUATIC RESEARCH
  • 2013-01-01. Morphologically plastic responses to shading in the zoanthids Zoanthus sansibaricus and Palythoa tuberculosa in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1994-12. High genetic variability and patchiness in a common Great Barrier Reef zoanthid (Palythoa caesia) in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 2006-12. Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity of the crude hydroalcoholic extract of the zoanthid Palythoa caribaeorum (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) in REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE FARMACOGNOSIA
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12526-017-0706-3

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    25 schema:description The Red Sea was one of the first areas of the Indo-Pacific to be investigated by marine taxonomists, and the literature on suborder Brachycnemina (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia: Zoantharia) for this region dates from the early nineteenth century. However, in the last 100 years there has been only one focused study on this group in the Red Sea. In the present study, specimens collected from the Saudi Arabian coast of the northern half of the Red Sea were phylogenetically analyzed by sequencing nuclear internal transcribed spacer regions of ribosomal DNA (ITS-rDNA), mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI), and 16S ribosomal DNA (16S–rDNA). The new results were compared with historical data in the literature and recent results from the Persian Gulf and the southeastern coast of Africa. Results show the presence of six to seven potential Brachycnemina species in the Red Sea; five to six Palythoa species (Palythoa mutuki, P. tuberculosa, P. cf. heliodiscus, P. aff. heliodiscus, and one to two species within the P. sp. “sakurajimensis” group) together with Zoanthus sansibaricus. While P. mutuki, P. tuberculosa, and Z. sansibaricus are known to be widely distributed in the Indo-Pacific, P. cf. heliodiscus and P. sp. “sakurajimensis” have not been reported from the Persian Gulf or the southeastern coast of Africa, and the current results represent large range extensions for these two species. Only one of the observed species, P. aff. heliodiscus, is potentially endemic to the Red Sea, further demonstrating the generally wide distributions of most zooxanthellate Brachycnemina species.
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