Morpho-hypsometric evolution of the Karuvannur River Basin, a tropical river in central Kerala, southwestern peninsular India View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-08

AUTHORS

Arun Bhadran, V. K. Vijesh, Girish Gopinath, Drishya Girishbai, N. P. Jesiya, K. P. Thrivikramji

ABSTRACT

An integrated morphometric and hypsometric analysis coupled with asymmetric factor used as a proxy for the landscape evolution of the catchment of Karuvannur River. The present study area is a sixth order tropical river in the central Kerala which supplies water and sediments to the Vembanad-Kol Ramsar site. The Karuvannur River Basin (KRB) has been divided into six sub-watersheds (SW). Morphometric parameters (areal, linear, and relief) and hypsometric and asymmetric factors are measured for the delineation of morphotectonic evolution of the area. High values of drainage density, texture, ruggedness number, and hypsometric integral with relatively high volume of leftover rocks in the basin in SW-II and SW-III compared to the entire basin of KRB imply that these two sub-watersheds have been influenced by the tectonic activities. Further, detailed asymmetric data indicated that these two watersheds are tilted in opposite direction. It may be the result of reactivation of Precambrian fault/lineament in recent past. This has been supported by recent tremors and neotectonic studies in Kerala. Moreover, detailed field evidence along with google imagery revealed that the entire basin is a part of regional anticline associated with PCSZ. Geomorphic response to disturbance will produce a sensible, recognizable response; it can be well studied in rivers through detailed study of their sensitivity or behavioral changes. Rivers have an enormous capacity to absorb perturbation and these types of studies are essential for identifying/measuring tectonic activities, sediment diffusion, surface runoff in a drainage basin, and as an important tool for target oriented micro watershed management. More... »

PAGES

430

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2008-12. Morphometry using remote sensing and GIS techniques in the sub-basins of Kagna river basin, Gulburga district, Karnataka, India in JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN SOCIETY OF REMOTE SENSING
  • 2013-10. Morphometric analysis of Araniar river basin using remote sensing and geographical information system in the assessment of groundwater potential in ARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES
  • 2015-04. Morphotectonic analysis, structural evolution/pattern of a contractional ridge: Giouchtas Mt., Central Crete, Greece in JOURNAL OF EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE
  • 2009-06. Time relationship between regional deformation and fabric development in the Peralimala pluton, South India — Inferences from magnetic fabric in JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA
  • 2012-09. Correlation between the structural pattern and the development of the hydrographic network in a portion of the Western Thessaly Basin (Greece) in CENTRAL EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES
  • 2018-04. Morphology and channel characteristics of an equatorial tropical river in Malaysian Borneo: a detailed evaluation through spatially explicit geomorphometric modelling in MODELING EARTH SYSTEMS AND ENVIRONMENT
  • 2018. Spatial Characters of a Tropical River Basin, South-West Coast of India in HYDROLOGIC MODELING
  • 1998-03. Morphometric analysis using remote sensing techniques in the chaka sub-basin, purulia district, West Bengal in JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN SOCIETY OF REMOTE SENSING
  • 2009-06. Reassessing the earthquake hazard in Kerala based on the historical and current seismicity in JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA
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