Urban Geodiversity and Decorative Arts: the Curious Case of the “Rudist Tiles” of Lisbon (Portugal) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

Carlos Marques da Silva

ABSTRACT

One key element defining the appearance of Lisbon is the whitish Cretaceous fossiliferous limestone locally known as “liós.” The liós is abundantly used as ornamental stone in Lisbon’s monuments and buildings. Ceramic tiles are also paramount in creating Lisbon’s character. Their ubiquitous presence, their colourful patterns and even the unique way they reflect sunlight make them inextricable from the city’s ambiance. In nineteenth century tiles, the urge to emulate liós—a noble and expensive building material—in building façades led to the use of the trompe l’oeil technique to mimic the appearance of the stone. The representation of the fossiliferous liós pattern is so realistic that Radiolitid and Caprinid rudists may easily be identified. At present, “rudist tiles” are not recognized as such by decorative arts experts. These tile panels are commonly seen as lesser productions depicting indistinct “marbled” patterns and often ignored or even discarded. This novel interpretation of rudist tiles leads to the clear recognition of the liós—a typical element of local geodiversity—depicted in them, thus revealing their uniqueness and close connection with the geodiversity and the cultural ambiance of Lisbon. Hopefully, this will boost the geoawareness of the public and art experts alike, making the need for the geoconservation of the liós and its palaeontological record and the preservation of these tiles as cultural heritage all the more obvious. This example of the influence of geodiversity in the creation of artistic concepts and representations and, consequently, in the shaping of the cultural landscape of Lisbon is all the more important now that the application of Portuguese tiles for inclusion on the UNESCO World Heritage List is being prepared. More... »

PAGES

151-163

Journal

TITLE

Geoheritage

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

11

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12371-017-0253-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12371-017-0253-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090905498


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