High-frequency QRS analysis to supplement ST evaluation in exercise stress electrocardiography: Incremental diagnostic accuracy and net reclassification View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-11-30

AUTHORS

Pelbreton C. Balfour, Jorge A. Gonzalez, Peter W. Shaw, Margarita P. Caminero, Eric M. Holland, Jack W. Melson, Michael Sobczak, Valerie Izarnotegui, Denny D. Watson, George A. Beller, Jamieson M. Bourque

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Exercise stress electrocardiography (ECG) alone is underutilized in part due to poor diagnostic accuracy. High-frequency QRS analysis (HF-QRS) is a novel tool to supplement ST evaluation during stress ECG. We compared the diagnostic accuracy and net reclassification of HF-QRS analysis compared with ST evaluation for substantial myocardial ischemia by exercise SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Exercise SPECT MPI was performed in 257 consecutive eligible patients (mean age 59 ± 12, 67% male). An ischemic HF-QRS pattern was defined as a ≥ 1 µV absolute reduction and a ≥ 50% relative reduction of the root-mean-square of the 150-250 Hz band signal in ≥ 3 leads. Left ventricular ischemia of ≥ 10% on SPECT MPI was the diagnostic standard for substantial myocardial ischemia. HF-QRS analysis demonstrated incremental diagnostic value to ST evaluation plus clinical risk factors (AUC 0.804 vs 0.749, P < .0001). A HF-QRS + ST -analysis strategy identified 92.3% of subjects with substantial ischemia and no abnormality in 59.9% of the cohort. No cardiac events occurred in patients without substantial ischemia identified by HF-QRS analysis. CONCLUSIONS: In this prospective analysis, exercise stress ECG with HF-QRS analysis identified any and substantial ischemia with high diagnostic accuracy and may allow more than half of referred patients to safely avoid imaging. More... »

PAGES

1-13

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12350-018-01530-w

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12350-018-01530-w

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110285587

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30506155


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38 schema:description BACKGROUND: Exercise stress electrocardiography (ECG) alone is underutilized in part due to poor diagnostic accuracy. High-frequency QRS analysis (HF-QRS) is a novel tool to supplement ST evaluation during stress ECG. We compared the diagnostic accuracy and net reclassification of HF-QRS analysis compared with ST evaluation for substantial myocardial ischemia by exercise SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Exercise SPECT MPI was performed in 257 consecutive eligible patients (mean age 59 ± 12, 67% male). An ischemic HF-QRS pattern was defined as a ≥ 1 µV absolute reduction and a ≥ 50% relative reduction of the root-mean-square of the 150-250 Hz band signal in ≥ 3 leads. Left ventricular ischemia of ≥ 10% on SPECT MPI was the diagnostic standard for substantial myocardial ischemia. HF-QRS analysis demonstrated incremental diagnostic value to ST evaluation plus clinical risk factors (AUC 0.804 vs 0.749, P < .0001). A HF-QRS + ST -analysis strategy identified 92.3% of subjects with substantial ischemia and no abnormality in 59.9% of the cohort. No cardiac events occurred in patients without substantial ischemia identified by HF-QRS analysis. CONCLUSIONS: In this prospective analysis, exercise stress ECG with HF-QRS analysis identified any and substantial ischemia with high diagnostic accuracy and may allow more than half of referred patients to safely avoid imaging.
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