Combination Antihypertensive Therapy with Perindopril and Indapamide in Patients with Essential Hypertension: Effect on Endothelial and Cognitive Markers of Vascular ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-10

AUTHORS

Elena A. Zheleznykh, Yulia A. Danilogorskaya, Elena V. Privalova, Yury N. Belenkov, Anastasia A. Schendrygina, Irina S. Chekneva, Nikolay A. Pavlov, Mikhail I. Tishman

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to assess the impact of a single-pill combination (SPC) of perindopril/indapamide (PER/IND) at full doses (10/2.5 mg) on endothelial and cognitive function as a clinical intermediate marker of vascular improvement. METHODS: This open-label, uncontrolled, observational study enrolled 30 patients (20 females and 10 males) with grade II-III uncontrolled arterial hypertension (SBP/DBP ≥ 160/100 mmHg) and no evidence of cerebrovascular disease. All patients underwent assessment of macro- and microvascular endothelial function parameters at baseline and after 12 months of treatment with SPC PER/IND using photoplethysmography and video capillaroscopy. Cognitive function was assessed using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment scale (MoCA). RESULTS: All patients (mean age 60.06 ± 10.19 years) were at high risk for cardiovascular events: mean body mass index (BMI) 31.2 ± 3.9 kg/m2, 33% diagnosed with coronary artery disease angina class I, 30% with impaired glucose tolerance, and 7% with type 2 diabetes. Impaired endothelial function was observed at the both micro- and macrovascular levels. Endothelial function parameters improved after 12-month treatment with SPC PER/IND with an increase in occlusion index from 1.4 to 1.8 (P < 0.00005) and phase shift from 5.0 to 10.8 (P < 0.00001); all values achieved levels in the normal range. Resting capillary network density (CND) increased from 44.8 to 52 cap/mm2 (P < 0.00007), and CND after a venous occlusion test increased from 55 to 61 cap/mm2 (P < 0.006). Signs of cognitive impairment were present at baseline with a mean MoCA score of 23 (normal cognitive function score ≥ 26), but improved after 12-month treatment with a mean MoCA score of 27 (P< 0.0001). Treatment was well tolerated. CONCLUSION: SPC PER/IND at full doses for 12 months improves endothelial function, structural and functional parameters of the microcirculation, as well as cognitive function in patients with arterial hypertension at high cardiovascular risk. FUNDING: Les Laboratoires Servier. More... »

PAGES

1698-1712

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12325-018-0773-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12325-018-0773-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106255650

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30128642


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