Primary cemented bipolar radial head prostheses for acute elbow injuries with comminuted radial head fractures: mid-term results of 37 patients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-04

AUTHORS

R. Laun, S. Tanner, J.-P. Grassmann, J. Schneppendahl, M. Wild, M. Hakimi, J. Windolf, P. Jungbluth

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Radial head arthroplasty represents a widely accepted treatment for elbow injuries with non-reconstructible radial head fractures. The aim of this retrospective multicenter study was to assess mid-term results of patients with clearly defined elbow injuries including type III fractures of the radial head according to Mason's classification type III after primary arthroplasty using a cemented bipolar design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 45 cases a primary cemented bipolar arthroplasty of the radial head was implanted for elbow injuries combined with an acute Mason type III radial head fracture. In all patients associated fractures were detected with preoperative CT scans and ligamentous injuries were evaluated and both were addressed intraoperatively based on a standardized algorithm. Patients with associated injuries other than coronoid fractures and collateral ligament tears were excluded from this study to obtain a more homogenous sample. Clinical and radiological assessment was performed on thirty-seven patients at an average of 5.6 years postoperatively. RESULTS: DASH Score, functional rating index of Broberg and Morrey, Mayo Elbow Performance Score, and Mayo Modified Wrist Score confirmed good-to-excellent results in most of the patients. Compared to the unaffected arm range of motion and grip strength were slightly reduced. No elbow instability or loosening of the prosthesis, and minor degenerative changes were detected in a few cases. CONCLUSION: Primary cemented bipolar arthroplasty for type III fractures according to Mason's classification in an elbow injury pattern only including associated coronoid fractures and/or ligamentous tears resulted in good-to-excellent mid-term results. These results suggest that primary bipolar radial head arthroplasty combined with distinct treatment of all associated injuries provides good functional outcomes concerning range of motion, elbow stability, and strength in this cohort. However, the associated injuries may influence clinical and radiological outcome and need to be detected, classified, and treated carefully. More... »

PAGES

91-97

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12306-018-0576-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12306-018-0576-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110375146

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30515741


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34 schema:description BACKGROUND: Radial head arthroplasty represents a widely accepted treatment for elbow injuries with non-reconstructible radial head fractures. The aim of this retrospective multicenter study was to assess mid-term results of patients with clearly defined elbow injuries including type III fractures of the radial head according to Mason's classification type III after primary arthroplasty using a cemented bipolar design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 45 cases a primary cemented bipolar arthroplasty of the radial head was implanted for elbow injuries combined with an acute Mason type III radial head fracture. In all patients associated fractures were detected with preoperative CT scans and ligamentous injuries were evaluated and both were addressed intraoperatively based on a standardized algorithm. Patients with associated injuries other than coronoid fractures and collateral ligament tears were excluded from this study to obtain a more homogenous sample. Clinical and radiological assessment was performed on thirty-seven patients at an average of 5.6 years postoperatively. RESULTS: DASH Score, functional rating index of Broberg and Morrey, Mayo Elbow Performance Score, and Mayo Modified Wrist Score confirmed good-to-excellent results in most of the patients. Compared to the unaffected arm range of motion and grip strength were slightly reduced. No elbow instability or loosening of the prosthesis, and minor degenerative changes were detected in a few cases. CONCLUSION: Primary cemented bipolar arthroplasty for type III fractures according to Mason's classification in an elbow injury pattern only including associated coronoid fractures and/or ligamentous tears resulted in good-to-excellent mid-term results. These results suggest that primary bipolar radial head arthroplasty combined with distinct treatment of all associated injuries provides good functional outcomes concerning range of motion, elbow stability, and strength in this cohort. However, the associated injuries may influence clinical and radiological outcome and need to be detected, classified, and treated carefully.
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