Ultrasonic welding of thermoplastic composites: a numerical analysis at the mesoscopic scale relating processing parameters, flow of polymer and quality ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-03

AUTHORS

Arthur Levy, Steven Le Corre, Arnaud Poitou

ABSTRACT

Ultrasonic continuous welding of thermoplastic composite plates is a very promising process of particular interest for the assembly of aeronautics large parts. Its modeling and simulation however suffers from the difficulty of accounting for the very different time scales that rule the thermo-mechanical phenomena at the level of the adhesion zone. This problem was addressed in our previous works and led to an original simulation tool presented in Levy et al. (Eur J Mech A, Solids 30(4):501–509, 2011a). In this paper, the adopted time-homogenized multiphysical modeling of the flow at the mesoscopic scale of the energy directors is first presented. Then, using the numerical software in a 2D approach, an extensive numerical parametric study of the process is presented. The phenomena allowing welding are confirmed to be an initial strain concentration in the energy director, and the formation of a flowing fold. The influence of the following process parameters are finally investigated: amplitude of vibrations, holding force of the sonotrode, thickness of the plates, radius of curvature at the tip of the director, angle of the director. Process efficiency and weld quality is evaluated through simple indicators such as the equivalent stiffness analysis, the healing degree and the risk of porosity entrapment. The present study, carried at the mesoscopic scale, provides a better understanding of the complex interactions between physical and process parameters and enables to draw important technological conclusions for the design of energy directors. More... »

PAGES

39-51

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12289-012-1107-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12289-012-1107-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052371208


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0910", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Manufacturing Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Delaware", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.33489.35", 
          "name": [
            "Center for Composite Materials, University of Delaware, 19716, Newark, DE, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Levy", 
        "givenName": "Arthur", 
        "id": "sg:person.014231456511.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014231456511.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratory of Thermocin\u00e9tique of Nantes", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463969.7", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire de Thermocin\u00e9tique de Nantes, La Chantrerie, rue Christian Pauc, BP 50609, 44306, Nantes cedex 3, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Le Corre", 
        "givenName": "Steven", 
        "id": "sg:person.015327574413.57", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015327574413.57"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Institut de recherche en g\u00e9nie civil et m\u00e9canique, 1 rue de la No\u00eb, 44321, Nantes Cedex 3, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Poitou", 
        "givenName": "Arnaud", 
        "id": "sg:person.012261513076.72", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012261513076.72"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ast.2005.01.008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001885909"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1995.070561106", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001934939"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.760292313", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009645730"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adv.20177", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016053132"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adv.20177", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016053132"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-835x(98)00023-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016097212"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-835x(00)00166-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016878595"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2004.06.030", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020607528"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/app.25607", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022414422"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2005.10.009", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028390568"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.760231307", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029622799"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0921-5093(99)00602-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035761223"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euromechsol.2011.03.010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050881505"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.10511", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051525609"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2006.12.028", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052409224"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/002199838702101103", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054049468"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/002199838702101103", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054049468"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma010858o", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056185802"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma010858o", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056185802"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1675789", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057752247"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998306060162", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063621720"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998306060162", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063621720"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/002199839202601602", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063624713"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/002199839202601602", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063624713"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0892705706067479", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063869287"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0892705706067479", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063869287"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/089270579701000604", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063870339"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/089270579701000604", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063870339"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/089270579801100404", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063870364"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/089270579801100404", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063870364"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1615/intjmultcompeng.v9.i1.50", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068140655"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2014-03", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2014-03-01", 
    "description": "Ultrasonic continuous welding of thermoplastic composite plates is a very promising process of particular interest for the assembly of aeronautics large parts. Its modeling and simulation however suffers from the difficulty of accounting for the very different time scales that rule the thermo-mechanical phenomena at the level of the adhesion zone. This problem was addressed in our previous works and led to an original simulation tool presented in Levy et al. (Eur J Mech A, Solids 30(4):501\u2013509, 2011a). In this paper, the adopted time-homogenized multiphysical modeling of the flow at the mesoscopic scale of the energy directors is first presented. Then, using the numerical software in a 2D approach, an extensive numerical parametric study of the process is presented. The phenomena allowing welding are confirmed to be an initial strain concentration in the energy director, and the formation of a flowing fold. The influence of the following process parameters are finally investigated: amplitude of vibrations, holding force of the sonotrode, thickness of the plates, radius of curvature at the tip of the director, angle of the director. Process efficiency and weld quality is evaluated through simple indicators such as the equivalent stiffness analysis, the healing degree and the risk of porosity entrapment. The present study, carried at the mesoscopic scale, provides a better understanding of the complex interactions between physical and process parameters and enables to draw important technological conclusions for the design of energy directors.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12289-012-1107-6", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1136846", 
        "issn": [
          "1960-6206", 
          "1960-6214"
        ], 
        "name": "International Journal of Material Forming", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "7"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Ultrasonic welding of thermoplastic composites: a numerical analysis at the mesoscopic scale relating processing parameters, flow of polymer and quality of adhesion", 
    "pagination": "39-51", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "f975f2ab2c6f1710d5f543953b82bc9794e891a22c88a5a0f177524033e25c20"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s12289-012-1107-6"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1052371208"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-012-1107-6", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052371208"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T15:04", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8663_00000524.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs12289-012-1107-6"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12289-012-1107-6'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12289-012-1107-6'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12289-012-1107-6'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12289-012-1107-6'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

149 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      50 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s12289-012-1107-6 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0910
3 schema:author Nadafc55cbe914f4ea5a4b9587a761956
4 schema:citation https://doi.org/10.1002/adv.20177
5 https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1995.070561106
6 https://doi.org/10.1002/app.25607
7 https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.10511
8 https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.760231307
9 https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.760292313
10 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ast.2005.01.008
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2004.06.030
12 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2005.10.009
13 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euromechsol.2011.03.010
14 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2006.12.028
15 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0921-5093(99)00602-4
16 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-835x(00)00166-4
17 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-835x(98)00023-2
18 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma010858o
19 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1675789
20 https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998306060162
21 https://doi.org/10.1177/002199838702101103
22 https://doi.org/10.1177/002199839202601602
23 https://doi.org/10.1177/0892705706067479
24 https://doi.org/10.1177/089270579701000604
25 https://doi.org/10.1177/089270579801100404
26 https://doi.org/10.1615/intjmultcompeng.v9.i1.50
27 schema:datePublished 2014-03
28 schema:datePublishedReg 2014-03-01
29 schema:description Ultrasonic continuous welding of thermoplastic composite plates is a very promising process of particular interest for the assembly of aeronautics large parts. Its modeling and simulation however suffers from the difficulty of accounting for the very different time scales that rule the thermo-mechanical phenomena at the level of the adhesion zone. This problem was addressed in our previous works and led to an original simulation tool presented in Levy et al. (Eur J Mech A, Solids 30(4):501–509, 2011a). In this paper, the adopted time-homogenized multiphysical modeling of the flow at the mesoscopic scale of the energy directors is first presented. Then, using the numerical software in a 2D approach, an extensive numerical parametric study of the process is presented. The phenomena allowing welding are confirmed to be an initial strain concentration in the energy director, and the formation of a flowing fold. The influence of the following process parameters are finally investigated: amplitude of vibrations, holding force of the sonotrode, thickness of the plates, radius of curvature at the tip of the director, angle of the director. Process efficiency and weld quality is evaluated through simple indicators such as the equivalent stiffness analysis, the healing degree and the risk of porosity entrapment. The present study, carried at the mesoscopic scale, provides a better understanding of the complex interactions between physical and process parameters and enables to draw important technological conclusions for the design of energy directors.
30 schema:genre research_article
31 schema:inLanguage en
32 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
33 schema:isPartOf Nb4fdc14023194eb8897380f2317c17b2
34 Nedd16773af994f90a344d25c3b5a9e39
35 sg:journal.1136846
36 schema:name Ultrasonic welding of thermoplastic composites: a numerical analysis at the mesoscopic scale relating processing parameters, flow of polymer and quality of adhesion
37 schema:pagination 39-51
38 schema:productId N46a93477fd8a41adaa61ed30d34ae94e
39 N514ccb44373b44c39fafe6939eace63c
40 N58738e97e8cf4c968751e3552d62ebc0
41 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052371208
42 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-012-1107-6
43 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T15:04
44 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
45 schema:sdPublisher N9057c3f4bcd04ca9a6cfcf449d259ff5
46 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs12289-012-1107-6
47 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
48 sgo:sdDataset articles
49 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
50 N02714f0e17a64fa9ac618026ccbe4588 rdf:first sg:person.012261513076.72
51 rdf:rest rdf:nil
52 N41a11f98d7a84a87ac100f03b8adf983 schema:name Institut de recherche en génie civil et mécanique, 1 rue de la Noë, 44321, Nantes Cedex 3, France
53 rdf:type schema:Organization
54 N46a93477fd8a41adaa61ed30d34ae94e schema:name dimensions_id
55 schema:value pub.1052371208
56 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
57 N514ccb44373b44c39fafe6939eace63c schema:name doi
58 schema:value 10.1007/s12289-012-1107-6
59 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
60 N58738e97e8cf4c968751e3552d62ebc0 schema:name readcube_id
61 schema:value f975f2ab2c6f1710d5f543953b82bc9794e891a22c88a5a0f177524033e25c20
62 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
63 N9057c3f4bcd04ca9a6cfcf449d259ff5 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
64 rdf:type schema:Organization
65 Nadafc55cbe914f4ea5a4b9587a761956 rdf:first sg:person.014231456511.45
66 rdf:rest Ne97e0a6091174a92af92921138add080
67 Nb4fdc14023194eb8897380f2317c17b2 schema:volumeNumber 7
68 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
69 Ne97e0a6091174a92af92921138add080 rdf:first sg:person.015327574413.57
70 rdf:rest N02714f0e17a64fa9ac618026ccbe4588
71 Nedd16773af994f90a344d25c3b5a9e39 schema:issueNumber 1
72 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
73 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
74 schema:name Engineering
75 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
76 anzsrc-for:0910 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
77 schema:name Manufacturing Engineering
78 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
79 sg:journal.1136846 schema:issn 1960-6206
80 1960-6214
81 schema:name International Journal of Material Forming
82 rdf:type schema:Periodical
83 sg:person.012261513076.72 schema:affiliation N41a11f98d7a84a87ac100f03b8adf983
84 schema:familyName Poitou
85 schema:givenName Arnaud
86 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012261513076.72
87 rdf:type schema:Person
88 sg:person.014231456511.45 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.33489.35
89 schema:familyName Levy
90 schema:givenName Arthur
91 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014231456511.45
92 rdf:type schema:Person
93 sg:person.015327574413.57 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463969.7
94 schema:familyName Le Corre
95 schema:givenName Steven
96 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015327574413.57
97 rdf:type schema:Person
98 https://doi.org/10.1002/adv.20177 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016053132
99 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
100 https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1995.070561106 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001934939
101 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
102 https://doi.org/10.1002/app.25607 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022414422
103 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
104 https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.10511 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051525609
105 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
106 https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.760231307 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029622799
107 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
108 https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.760292313 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009645730
109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
110 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ast.2005.01.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001885909
111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
112 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2004.06.030 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020607528
113 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
114 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2005.10.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028390568
115 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
116 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euromechsol.2011.03.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050881505
117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
118 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2006.12.028 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052409224
119 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
120 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0921-5093(99)00602-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035761223
121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
122 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-835x(00)00166-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016878595
123 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
124 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-835x(98)00023-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016097212
125 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
126 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma010858o schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056185802
127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
128 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1675789 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057752247
129 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
130 https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998306060162 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063621720
131 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
132 https://doi.org/10.1177/002199838702101103 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054049468
133 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
134 https://doi.org/10.1177/002199839202601602 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063624713
135 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
136 https://doi.org/10.1177/0892705706067479 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063869287
137 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
138 https://doi.org/10.1177/089270579701000604 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063870339
139 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
140 https://doi.org/10.1177/089270579801100404 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063870364
141 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
142 https://doi.org/10.1615/intjmultcompeng.v9.i1.50 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068140655
143 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
144 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.33489.35 schema:alternateName University of Delaware
145 schema:name Center for Composite Materials, University of Delaware, 19716, Newark, DE, USA
146 rdf:type schema:Organization
147 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463969.7 schema:alternateName Laboratory of Thermocinétique of Nantes
148 schema:name Laboratoire de Thermocinétique de Nantes, La Chantrerie, rue Christian Pauc, BP 50609, 44306, Nantes cedex 3, France
149 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...