Response and Recovery of Low-Salinity Marsh Plant Communities to Presses and Pulses of Elevated Salinity View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-05

AUTHORS

Fan Li, Steven C. Pennings

ABSTRACT

In estuaries, future variation in sea level and river discharge will lead to saline intrusion into low-salinity tidal marshes. To investigate the processes that control the differential response and recovery of tidal freshwater marsh plant communities to saline pulses, a 3 × 5 factorial greenhouse experiment was conducted to examine the effects of a range of salinity levels (3, 5, and 10 practical salinity units (PSU)) and pulse durations (5, 10, 15, 20, and 30 days per month) on community composition of tidal freshwater marsh vegetation. Recovery of perturbed communities was also examined after 10 months. The results showed that community composition was increasingly affected by the more-saline and longer-duration treatments. The increasing suppression of salt-sensitive species resulted in species reordering, decreased species richness, and decreased aboveground biomass. Most of the plant species were able to recover from low-salinity, short-duration saline pulses in less than 1 year. However, because not all species recovered in the heavily salinized treatments, species richness at the end of the recovery period remained low for treatments that were heavily salinized during the treatment period. In contrast, plant aboveground biomass fully recovered in the heavily salinized treatments. Although the magnitude and duration of pulsed environmental changes had strong effects on community composition, shifts in community composition prevented long-term reductions in productivity. Thus, in this study system, environmental change affected species composition more strongly than it did ecosystem processes. More... »

PAGES

1-11

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2013-05. Ecosystem Responses of a Tidal Freshwater Marsh Experiencing Saltwater Intrusion and Altered Hydrology in CHESAPEAKE SCIENCE
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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Chesapeake Science

    ISSUE

    3

    VOLUME

    42

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12237-018-00490-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12237-018-00490-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110449020


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