Secondary Production of Macrobenthic Communities in Seagrass (Zostera marina, Eelgrass) Beds and Bare Soft Sediments Across Differing Environmental Conditions in ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-07-17

AUTHORS

Melisa C. Wong

ABSTRACT

In nearshore ecosystems, habitats with emergent structure are often assumed to have higher ecosystem functioning than habitats lacking structure. However, such habitat-specific differences may depend on the surrounding environment. In this study, I examine the robustness of habitat-specific differences in ecosystem functioning for seagrass (Zostera marina) and adjacent bare soft sediments across varying environmental conditions on the Atlantic Coast of Nova Scotia, Canada, using secondary production as a metric. I also examine relationships of community secondary production and faunal structure with measured environmental variables (water depth, temperature, exposure, sediment, and plant properties). Benthic secondary production (invertebrates ≥500 μm) was higher in seagrass compared to bare sediments only at exposed sites with sandy sediments low in organic content, deep and cool water, and high belowground plant biomass. A regression relating community secondary production to the environmental variables explained 56% of the variance, while a constrained ordination explained 16% of the community structure. Important environmental determinants of community production were shoot density, temperature, depth, exposure, sediment organic content, and belowground plant biomass. Community structure was influenced by these variables plus sediment sand content and canopy height. This study shows that habitat-specific differences in secondary production may not be consistent across varying environmental conditions. Furthermore, seagrass beds are not always associated with higher ecosystem functioning than adjacent bare sediment. Both the surrounding environmental conditions and the presence of habitat structure should be considered for optimal management of nearshore ecosystems. More... »

PAGES

536-548

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1998-06. Estimating secondary production and benthic consumption in monitoring studies: A case study of the impacts of dredged material disposal in Galveston Bay, Texas in ESTUARIES AND COASTS
  • 2016-06-30. A Model Framework to Determine the Production Potential of Fish Derived from Coastal Habitats for Use in Habitat Restoration in ESTUARIES AND COASTS
  • 1995-06. Composition, abundance, biomass, and production of macrofauna in a New England estuary: Comparisons among eelgrass meadows and other nursery habitats in ESTUARIES AND COASTS
  • 2015-04-14. Patterns in Taxonomic and Functional Diversity of Macrobenthic Invertebrates Across Seagrass Habitats: a Case Study in Atlantic Canada in ESTUARIES AND COASTS
  • 1985-09. The importance of grazing food chain for energy flow and production in three intertidal sand bottom communities of the northern Wadden Sea in HELGOLAND MARINE RESEARCH
  • 1979-01. The relationship between annual production: Biomass ratios and lifespans for marine macrobenthos in OECOLOGIA
  • 1990-12. Secondary production within a seagrass bed (Zostera marina andRuppia maritima) in lower Chesapeake Bay in ESTUARIES AND COASTS
  • 1997-02. Simple standard procedure for the routine determination of organic matter in marine sediment in HYDROBIOLOGIA
  • 2014-01-07. Relationship between Hypoxia and Macrobenthic Production in Chesapeake Bay in ESTUARIES AND COASTS
  • 2003-07-17. Short- and long-term effects of eutrophication on the secondary production of an intertidal macrobenthic community in MARINE BIOLOGY
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12237-017-0286-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12237-017-0286-2

    DIMENSIONS

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