Biological activity of sophorolipids and their possible use as antiviral agents View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-07-01

AUTHORS

Maria Borsanyiova, Amrita Patil, Ruchira Mukherji, Asmita Prabhune, Shubhada Bopegamage

ABSTRACT

Sophorolipids are surface active glycolipids consisting of a hydrophilic sophorose unit and a hydrophobic portion composed of a fatty acid tail. Crude sophorolipid sample contains both acidic and lactonic forms of sophorolipid with different degrees of acetylation and varying lengths of the fatty acid chains depending on the substrates used in the production process. Carboxylic end in the acidic form of the fatty acid is free, whereas in the lactonic form, it is internally esterified. Sophorolipids show different physicochemical properties with wide range of applications for each structural compound. Lactonic form of sophorolipids shows surface tension reducing ability and biological activity, whereas the acidic form possesses better foam forming ability and higher solubility. Presence of acetyl groups gives hydrophilic nature to the sophorolipids which promotes its antiviral and cytokine-stimulating properties. The aim of this review is to explore and suggest the plausibility of sophorolipids as therapeutic and prophylactic agents for the treatment of viral diseases. More... »

PAGES

85-89

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1994-07. Sophorose lipid production from lipidic precursors: Predictive evaluation of industrial substrates in JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1999-10. Production of sophorolipids from whey in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2006-02. The Use of Fatty Acid Esters to Enhance Free Acid Sophorolipid Synthesis in BIOTECHNOLOGY LETTERS
  • 1970-12. Torulopsis bombicola sp. n. in ANTONIE VAN LEEUWENHOEK
  • 2000-05. Potential commercial applications of microbial surfactants in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2002-06. Transformation of arachidonic acid to 19-hydroxy- and 20-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acids using Candida bombicola in BIOTECHNOLOGY LETTERS
  • 2007-05-03. Microbial production and application of sophorolipids in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12223-015-0413-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-015-0413-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001719611

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26126789


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