Potential use of Bacillus thuringiensis bacteriocins to control antibiotic-resistant bacteria associated with mastitis in dairy goats View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-05-29

AUTHORS

A. J. Gutiérrez-Chávez, E. A. Martínez-Ortega, M. Valencia-Posadas, M. F. León-Galván, N. M. de la Fuente-Salcido, D. K. Bideshi, J. E. Barboza-Corona

ABSTRACT

Mastitis caused by microbial infections in dairy goats reduces milk yield, modifies milk composition, and potentially contributes to morbidity in herds and consumers of dairy products. Microorganisms associated with mastitis in dairy goats are commonly controlled with antibiotics, but it is known that continued use of these chemical agents promotes antibiotic resistance among bacterial populations. Recently, it has been shown that bacteriocins of Bacillus thuringiensis inhibit growth of food-borne pathogens and also bacteria associated with bovine mastitis. However, there is no report on their ability to inhibit microorganisms linked to mastitis in dairy goats. In this study, using 16S rDNA and ITS regions of rDNA, we identified nine bacterial isolates and an encapsulated yeast associated with mastitis in dairy goats. Enterococcus durans, Brevibacillus sp., and Staphylococcus epidermidis 2 were resistant to, respectively, 75, ~67, ~42, and ~42 % of the antibiotics screened. In addition, 60 % of the bacterial isolates were resistant to penicillin, ampicillin, vancomycin, and dicloxacillin. Importantly, 60 % of the isolates were inhibited by the bacteriocins, but S. epidermidis 1, Enterobacter sp., Escherichia vulneris, and Cryptococcus neoformans were not susceptible to these antimicrobial peptides. Using Brevibacillus sp. and Staphylococcus chromogenes as indicator bacteria, we show that peptides of ~10 kDa that correspond to the molecular mass of bacteriocins used in this study are responsible for the inhibitory activity. Our results demonstrate that multiple antibiotic-resistant bacteria associated with subclinical mastitis in dairy goats from Guanajuato, Mexico, are susceptible to bacteriocins produced by B. thuringiensis. More... »

PAGES

11-19

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12223-015-0404-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-015-0404-0

DIMENSIONS

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26022411


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32 schema:description Mastitis caused by microbial infections in dairy goats reduces milk yield, modifies milk composition, and potentially contributes to morbidity in herds and consumers of dairy products. Microorganisms associated with mastitis in dairy goats are commonly controlled with antibiotics, but it is known that continued use of these chemical agents promotes antibiotic resistance among bacterial populations. Recently, it has been shown that bacteriocins of Bacillus thuringiensis inhibit growth of food-borne pathogens and also bacteria associated with bovine mastitis. However, there is no report on their ability to inhibit microorganisms linked to mastitis in dairy goats. In this study, using 16S rDNA and ITS regions of rDNA, we identified nine bacterial isolates and an encapsulated yeast associated with mastitis in dairy goats. Enterococcus durans, Brevibacillus sp., and Staphylococcus epidermidis 2 were resistant to, respectively, 75, ~67, ~42, and ~42 % of the antibiotics screened. In addition, 60 % of the bacterial isolates were resistant to penicillin, ampicillin, vancomycin, and dicloxacillin. Importantly, 60 % of the isolates were inhibited by the bacteriocins, but S. epidermidis 1, Enterobacter sp., Escherichia vulneris, and Cryptococcus neoformans were not susceptible to these antimicrobial peptides. Using Brevibacillus sp. and Staphylococcus chromogenes as indicator bacteria, we show that peptides of ~10 kDa that correspond to the molecular mass of bacteriocins used in this study are responsible for the inhibitory activity. Our results demonstrate that multiple antibiotic-resistant bacteria associated with subclinical mastitis in dairy goats from Guanajuato, Mexico, are susceptible to bacteriocins produced by B. thuringiensis.
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40 Bacillus thuringiensis inhibit growth
41 Brevibacillus sp
42 Cryptococcus neoformans
43 Enterobacter sp
44 Enterococcus durans
45 Escherichia vulneris
46 Guanajuato
47 ITS region
48 Mexico
49 Staphylococcus chromogenes
50 Staphylococcus epidermidis 2
51 ability
52 activity
53 addition
54 agents
55 ampicillin
56 antibiotic resistance
57 antibiotic-resistant bacteria
58 antibiotics
59 antimicrobial peptides
60 bacteria
61 bacterial isolates
62 bacterial populations
63 bacteriocin
64 bovine mastitis
65 chemical agents
66 chromogenes
67 composition
68 consumers
69 dairy goats
70 dairy products
71 dicloxacillin
72 durans
73 encapsulated yeast
74 epidermidis 1
75 epidermidis 2
76 food-borne pathogens
77 goats
78 growth
79 herds
80 indicator bacteria
81 infection
82 inhibitory activity
83 inhibits growth
84 isolates
85 mass
86 mastitis
87 microbial infections
88 microorganisms
89 milk composition
90 milk yield
91 modifies milk composition
92 molecular mass
93 morbidity
94 multiple antibiotic-resistant bacteria
95 neoformans
96 pathogens
97 penicillin
98 peptides
99 population
100 potential use
101 products
102 rDNA
103 region
104 report
105 resistance
106 results
107 sp
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