Improvement of Mechanical Properties of Pineapple Leaf Fibers by Mercerization Process View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Natalia Jaramillo-Quiceno, J. Manuel Vélez R., Edith M. Cadena Ch., Adriana Restrepo-Osorio, J. Felipe Santa

ABSTRACT

Pineapple leaf fibers (PALF) were modified by the mercerization process to improve their mechanical properties for applications in composites. The changes in the morphology and mechanical properties of fibers were evaluated after using different conditions (temperature and sodium hydroxide concentration) for the mercerization process. The study was done using X-ray diffraction (XRD), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Mercerization treatments caused a reduction in the diameter of fibers, either due removal of surface impurities, disintegration of middle lamella and/or interfibrillar swelling. Mechanical properties of mercerized fibers were modified. The highest tensile strength was observed when mercerization was done at a temperature of 60 °C and alkali concentration of 3 % wt. More... »

PAGES

2604-2611

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12221-018-8522-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12221-018-8522-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111270048


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49 schema:description Pineapple leaf fibers (PALF) were modified by the mercerization process to improve their mechanical properties for applications in composites. The changes in the morphology and mechanical properties of fibers were evaluated after using different conditions (temperature and sodium hydroxide concentration) for the mercerization process. The study was done using X-ray diffraction (XRD), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Mercerization treatments caused a reduction in the diameter of fibers, either due removal of surface impurities, disintegration of middle lamella and/or interfibrillar swelling. Mechanical properties of mercerized fibers were modified. The highest tensile strength was observed when mercerization was done at a temperature of 60 °C and alkali concentration of 3 % wt.
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