Global characteristics of low-flow-rate aviation fuel sprays by image processing View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-09

AUTHORS

Rami Zakaria

ABSTRACT

Spray characteristics should be measured to understand fluid atomization. In this study, we investigated the atomization of kerosene fuel with low-flow-rate injectors in small rotary engines by use of optical diagnostic methods. Laser sheet scattering imaging and long-range microscopy were used to produce images of fuel sprays with high spatial and temporal resolutions. Digital image processing techniques were implemented to acquire the macroscopic characteristics of JP-8 jet fuel, such as tip penetration, droplet density distribution, and spray sheet profile. The effect of line pressure and Length-to-diameter (L/D) ratio on the global characteristics of the spray for two nozzles fitted on a high-frequency micro-dispensing system was also explored. The fuel injector was designed for low-flow-rate, low-pressure (less than 10 bar) applications. The local velocity of the fuel droplets was also measured by Particle image velocimetry (PIV). Results show that the decrease in L/D ratio increases average velocity, spray sheet area, and angle. This effect becomes noticeable as the spray jet penetrates further downstream from the nozzle exit, except for tip velocity which drops quickly after the end of the injection pulse especially at high pressure levels. Small droplet diameters are produced in the case of low L/D ratio and high line pressure. According to the PIV test, a connection exists between the tip velocity and velocity components at the central jet. More... »

PAGES

4267-4273

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2011-04. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of spray characteristics of diesel and biodiesel blend on common-rail injection system in JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2013-07. A study on the spray characteristics of a piezo pintle-type injector for DI gasoline engines in JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2014-06. An investigation of the spray characteristics of diesel-DME blended fuel with variation of ambient pressure in a constant volume combustion chamber in JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2004-06. Sizing of spray particles using image processing technique in KSME INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
  • 2011-07. Effect of nozzle geometry for swirl type twin-fluid water mist nozzle on the spray characteristic in JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2014-12. Spray development process of aviation fuel using a low-pressure fuel injector: Visualization and analysis in JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2016-04. Effects of the geometric orientations of the nozzle exit on the breakup of free liquid jet in JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2010-07. Spray jet penetration and distribution of modulated liquid jets in subsonic cross-flows in JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2008-09. Diagnosis of the behavior characteristics of the evaporative diesel spray by using images analysis in JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2001-10. Spray characteristics of a gasoline direct injector injector with short durations of injection in EXPERIMENTS IN FLUIDS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12206-017-0825-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12206-017-0825-6

    DIMENSIONS

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