A Novel Nanoconjugate of Landomycin A with C60 Fullerene for Cancer Targeted Therapy: In Vitro Studies View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-08-15

AUTHORS

V. Bilobrov, V. Sokolova, S. Prylutska, R. Panchuk, O. Litsis, V. Osetskyi, M. Evstigneev, Yu. Prylutskyy, M. Epple, U. Ritter, J. Rohr

ABSTRACT

Introduction Landomycins are a subgroup of angucycline antibiotics that are produced by Streptomyces bacteria and possess strong antineoplastic potential. Literature data suggest that enhancement of the therapeutic activity of this drug may be achieved by means of creating specific drug delivery systems. Here we propose to adopt C60 fullerene as flexible and stable nanocarrier for landomycin delivery into tumor cells.MethodsThe methods of molecular modelling, dynamic light scattering and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used to study the assembly of C60 fullerene and the anticancer drug Landomycin A (LA) in aqueous solution. Cytotoxic activity of this nanocomplex was studied in vitro towards two cancer cell lines in comparison to human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) using 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) test and a live/dead assay. The morphology of the cells incubated with fullerene–drug nanoparticles and their uptake into target cells were studied by scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence light microscopy.ResultsThe viability of primary cells (hMSCs, as a model for healthy cells) and cancer cell lines (human osteosarcoma cells, MG-63, and mouse mammary cells, 4T1, as models for cancer cells) was studied after incubation with water-soluble C60 fullerenes, LA and the mixture C60 + LA. The C60 + LA nanocomplex in contrast to LA alone showed higher toxicity towards cancer cells and lower toxicity towards normal cells, whereas the water-soluble C60 fullerenes at the same concentration were not toxic for the cells.ConclusionsThe obtained physico-chemical data indicate a complexation between the two compounds, leading to the formation of a C60 + LA nanocomposite. It was concluded that immobilization of LA on C60 fullerene enhances selectivity of action of this anticancer drug in vitro, indicating on possibility of further preclinical studies of novel C60 + LA nanocomposites on animal tumor models. More... »

PAGES

41-51

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12195-018-0548-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12195-018-0548-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106172794

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31719898


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