Experience-based knowledge increases confidence in discriminating our memories View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-09-26

AUTHORS

Ewelina Cichoń, Łukasz Gawęda, Steffen Moritz, Remigiusz Szczepanowski

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the accuracy of metacognitive judgments in source monitoring with self-report scales engaging either information- or experienced-based knowledge. We expected that the source monitoring abilities may be affected by the origins of meta-knowledge that underlie post-decision wagering (PDW) based on economic categorizations (experience-based scale) and confidence ratings (CR) using a conventional taxonomy of confidence (information-based scale). To examine this hypothesis, healthy participants (N = 50) performed an action memory task, in which simple actions were presented in order to be performed or imagined. In the second phase of the task, participants were required to assess source monitoring by distinguishing whether the presented action was performed or imagined. Then, the participants randomly assigned into the PDW or CR group rated their confidence in responses related to source monitoring performance. It was found that source monitoring ability is resistant to manipulation of the type of knowledge used in the scales. However, measures of metacognition indicated that accuracy of the experienced-based judgments of PDW was higher as compared to the CR scale while source monitoring. These findings suggest the origin of knowledge whose justification rests more on empirical observations generates more accurate knowledge than self-evident direct intuition with respect to discriminations of one’s own memories. More... »

PAGES

840-852

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12144-018-0011-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12144-018-0011-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107257948


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