Vague Kinds and Biological Nominalism View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2013-10

AUTHORS

Peter Simons

ABSTRACT

Among biological kinds, the most important are species. But species, however defined, have vague boundaries, both synchronically owing to hybridization and ongoing speciation, and diachronically owing to genetic drift and genealogical continuity despite speciation. It is argued that the solution to the problems of species and their vague boundaries is to adopt a thoroughgoing nominalism in regard to all biological taxa, from species to domains. The base entities are individual organisms: populations of these compose species and higher taxa. This accommodates all the important biological facts while avoiding the legacy problems of pre-evolutionary typological taxonomy, which saw species and other taxa as prior to their members. Species are however not individuals: they are spatiotemporally bounded collections, which are plural particulars. More... »

PAGES

275-282

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1975-09. Vagueness, truth and logic in SYNTHESE
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Metaphysica

    ISSUE

    2

    VOLUME

    14

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12133-013-0127-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12133-013-0127-0

    DIMENSIONS

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