Insights into the Microbiological Safety of Vermicompost and Vermicompost Tea Produced by South African Smallholder Farmers View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

A. C. Atanda, R. A. Adeleke, P. J. Jooste, E. Madoroba

ABSTRACT

Feedstock used in the production of vermicompost (VC) and vermicompost tea (VCT) may harbour various pathogenic bacteria responsible for a number of animal and human diseases worldwide. The identification and characterisation of such pathogenic organisms is necessary for assessing the safety of these products. In the present study, our goal was to determine the presence of possible pathogens in VC and VCT and, if present, to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of the organisms. VC and VCT samples were collected from five different farms in the Winterveldt, South Africa. Only one out of 60 VC and VCT samples was found to contain a potentially pathogenic organism. The use of phenotypic procedures aided the final identification of the isolate, which was confirmed to be Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. This isolate tested positive for species specific invA genes. Antibiotic testing using the agar diffusion technique showed that the Salmonella isolate was resistant to only kanamycin. The Salmonella counts that were observed in this study were lower than the generally accepted infective doses of these bacteria. In the light of these findings, it was concluded that VC and VCT produced by the farmers involved presented a low risk in terms of the safety of the products. More... »

PAGES

479-488

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12088-018-0748-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12088-018-0748-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104476512

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30262958


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1108", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical Microbiology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Tshwane University of Technology", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412810.e", 
          "name": [
            "Microbiology and Environmental Biotechnology Research Group, Agricultural Research Council - Institute for Soil, Climate and Water, Private Bag X79, 0001, Pretoria, South Africa", 
            "Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, 0001, Pretoria, South Africa"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Atanda", 
        "givenName": "A. C.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "North-West University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25881.36", 
          "name": [
            "Microbiology and Environmental Biotechnology Research Group, Agricultural Research Council - Institute for Soil, Climate and Water, Private Bag X79, 0001, Pretoria, South Africa", 
            "Unit for Environmental Science and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, 2520, Potchefstroom, South Africa"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Adeleke", 
        "givenName": "R. A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01076733475.87", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01076733475.87"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Tshwane University of Technology", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412810.e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, 0001, Pretoria, South Africa"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jooste", 
        "givenName": "P. J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01036070206.80", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01036070206.80"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Zululand", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442325.6", 
          "name": [
            "Agricultural Research Council - Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 100 Old Soutpan Road, 0110, Onderstepoort, South Africa", 
            "Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Zululand, Private Bag X1001, 6886, KwaDlangezwa, South Africa"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Madoroba", 
        "givenName": "E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01117164724.79", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01117164724.79"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067510", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001732158"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h6420", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003153529"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2006.06.036", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005564441"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1473-3099(12)70317-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005577038"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2004.05.010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007018166"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.29.020907.090904", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007056558"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1078/0031-4056-00196", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013323168"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2007.02.008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017298259"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4161/viru.21282", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021374886"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0450.2004.00789.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023352731"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11274-011-0904-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026047408", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-011-0904-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4236/as.2010.12011", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027073664"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/1065657x.2001.10702015", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036850423"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.67.12.5694-5699.2001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037630925"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4565.2001.tb00307.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049557997"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4565.2001.tb00307.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049557997"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es803309m", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055515851"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es803309m", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055515851"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4014/jmb.1310.10013", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071872623"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.9790/2402-08914043", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074174915"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079069719", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/45.4_ts.493", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080994240"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2018-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2018-12-01", 
    "description": "Feedstock used in the production of vermicompost (VC) and vermicompost tea (VCT) may harbour various pathogenic bacteria responsible for a number of animal and human diseases worldwide. The identification and characterisation of such pathogenic organisms is necessary for assessing the safety of these products. In the present study, our goal was to determine the presence of possible pathogens in VC and VCT and, if present, to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of the organisms. VC and VCT samples were collected from five different farms in the Winterveldt, South Africa. Only one out of 60 VC and VCT samples was found to contain a potentially pathogenic organism. The use of phenotypic procedures aided the final identification of the isolate, which was confirmed to be Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. This isolate tested positive for species specific invA genes. Antibiotic testing using the agar diffusion technique showed that the Salmonella isolate was resistant to only kanamycin. The Salmonella counts that were observed in this study were lower than the generally accepted infective doses of these bacteria. In the light of these findings, it was concluded that VC and VCT produced by the farmers involved presented a low risk in terms of the safety of the products.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12088-018-0748-7", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1017648", 
        "issn": [
          "0046-8991", 
          "0973-7715"
        ], 
        "name": "Indian Journal of Microbiology", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "4", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "58"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Insights into the Microbiological Safety of Vermicompost and Vermicompost Tea Produced by South African Smallholder Farmers", 
    "pagination": "479-488", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "f236f78e3dc3787469a0d7d8d27c027ec00af5dcd60088ca4877f4f3cbbe6b14"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "30262958"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0374703"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s12088-018-0748-7"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1104476512"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12088-018-0748-7", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104476512"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T15:07", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8663_00000544.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs12088-018-0748-7"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12088-018-0748-7'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12088-018-0748-7'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12088-018-0748-7'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12088-018-0748-7'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

158 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      49 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s12088-018-0748-7 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
2 anzsrc-for:1108
3 schema:author N39a605cff1d5459383afdf893b3e4696
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s11274-011-0904-2
5 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079069719
6 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2004.05.010
7 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2006.06.036
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2007.02.008
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1473-3099(12)70317-1
10 https://doi.org/10.1021/es803309m
11 https://doi.org/10.1078/0031-4056-00196
12 https://doi.org/10.1080/1065657x.2001.10702015
13 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/45.4_ts.493
14 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0450.2004.00789.x
15 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4565.2001.tb00307.x
16 https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.67.12.5694-5699.2001
17 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h6420
18 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.29.020907.090904
19 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067510
20 https://doi.org/10.4014/jmb.1310.10013
21 https://doi.org/10.4161/viru.21282
22 https://doi.org/10.4236/as.2010.12011
23 https://doi.org/10.9790/2402-08914043
24 schema:datePublished 2018-12
25 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-12-01
26 schema:description Feedstock used in the production of vermicompost (VC) and vermicompost tea (VCT) may harbour various pathogenic bacteria responsible for a number of animal and human diseases worldwide. The identification and characterisation of such pathogenic organisms is necessary for assessing the safety of these products. In the present study, our goal was to determine the presence of possible pathogens in VC and VCT and, if present, to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of the organisms. VC and VCT samples were collected from five different farms in the Winterveldt, South Africa. Only one out of 60 VC and VCT samples was found to contain a potentially pathogenic organism. The use of phenotypic procedures aided the final identification of the isolate, which was confirmed to be <i>Salmonella enterica</i> serovar Typhimurium. This isolate tested positive for species specific <i>invA</i> genes. Antibiotic testing using the agar diffusion technique showed that the <i>Salmonella</i> isolate was resistant to only kanamycin. The <i>Salmonella</i> counts that were observed in this study were lower than the generally accepted infective doses of these bacteria. In the light of these findings, it was concluded that VC and VCT produced by the farmers involved presented a low risk in terms of the safety of the products.
27 schema:genre research_article
28 schema:inLanguage en
29 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
30 schema:isPartOf N43afeda6114040dd8d5a909ecbe5e035
31 Na9b1388bc23044ccaac65aac8a4730d8
32 sg:journal.1017648
33 schema:name Insights into the Microbiological Safety of Vermicompost and Vermicompost Tea Produced by South African Smallholder Farmers
34 schema:pagination 479-488
35 schema:productId N1df53434bea84786a0e83b539ceddcdc
36 N4db4b27d847e40f4927d4f4b8c3afe7e
37 N7661180fc58b451dae2efc899516b6b6
38 N8359b8204e0848aa9692e401d3877cdb
39 Ne7f7b728b2a0408ba3c712b40c245843
40 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104476512
41 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12088-018-0748-7
42 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T15:07
43 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
44 schema:sdPublisher Ne2f24e89ce414da1ae27bc4f61ba8e92
45 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs12088-018-0748-7
46 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
47 sgo:sdDataset articles
48 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
49 N1df53434bea84786a0e83b539ceddcdc schema:name readcube_id
50 schema:value f236f78e3dc3787469a0d7d8d27c027ec00af5dcd60088ca4877f4f3cbbe6b14
51 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
52 N2d9166dec58c4f90872c037ef2bbbe92 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412810.e
53 schema:familyName Atanda
54 schema:givenName A. C.
55 rdf:type schema:Person
56 N39a605cff1d5459383afdf893b3e4696 rdf:first N2d9166dec58c4f90872c037ef2bbbe92
57 rdf:rest N887253612c7e49a5af4615ab0375631b
58 N43afeda6114040dd8d5a909ecbe5e035 schema:volumeNumber 58
59 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
60 N4db4b27d847e40f4927d4f4b8c3afe7e schema:name doi
61 schema:value 10.1007/s12088-018-0748-7
62 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
63 N5cf5dd5c86cf4e338b8f82881646e21e rdf:first sg:person.01117164724.79
64 rdf:rest rdf:nil
65 N7661180fc58b451dae2efc899516b6b6 schema:name nlm_unique_id
66 schema:value 0374703
67 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
68 N8359b8204e0848aa9692e401d3877cdb schema:name dimensions_id
69 schema:value pub.1104476512
70 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
71 N887253612c7e49a5af4615ab0375631b rdf:first sg:person.01076733475.87
72 rdf:rest Nbaea97f207394c298de9d25cde0ec39b
73 Na9b1388bc23044ccaac65aac8a4730d8 schema:issueNumber 4
74 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
75 Nbaea97f207394c298de9d25cde0ec39b rdf:first sg:person.01036070206.80
76 rdf:rest N5cf5dd5c86cf4e338b8f82881646e21e
77 Ne2f24e89ce414da1ae27bc4f61ba8e92 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
78 rdf:type schema:Organization
79 Ne7f7b728b2a0408ba3c712b40c245843 schema:name pubmed_id
80 schema:value 30262958
81 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
82 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
83 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
84 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
85 anzsrc-for:1108 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
86 schema:name Medical Microbiology
87 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
88 sg:journal.1017648 schema:issn 0046-8991
89 0973-7715
90 schema:name Indian Journal of Microbiology
91 rdf:type schema:Periodical
92 sg:person.01036070206.80 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412810.e
93 schema:familyName Jooste
94 schema:givenName P. J.
95 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01036070206.80
96 rdf:type schema:Person
97 sg:person.01076733475.87 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25881.36
98 schema:familyName Adeleke
99 schema:givenName R. A.
100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01076733475.87
101 rdf:type schema:Person
102 sg:person.01117164724.79 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442325.6
103 schema:familyName Madoroba
104 schema:givenName E.
105 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01117164724.79
106 rdf:type schema:Person
107 sg:pub.10.1007/s11274-011-0904-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026047408
108 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-011-0904-2
109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
110 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079069719 schema:CreativeWork
111 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2004.05.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007018166
112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
113 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2006.06.036 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005564441
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2007.02.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017298259
116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
117 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1473-3099(12)70317-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005577038
118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
119 https://doi.org/10.1021/es803309m schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055515851
120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
121 https://doi.org/10.1078/0031-4056-00196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013323168
122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
123 https://doi.org/10.1080/1065657x.2001.10702015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036850423
124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
125 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/45.4_ts.493 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080994240
126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
127 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0450.2004.00789.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023352731
128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
129 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4565.2001.tb00307.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049557997
130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
131 https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.67.12.5694-5699.2001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037630925
132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
133 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h6420 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003153529
134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
135 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.29.020907.090904 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007056558
136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
137 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067510 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001732158
138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
139 https://doi.org/10.4014/jmb.1310.10013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071872623
140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
141 https://doi.org/10.4161/viru.21282 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021374886
142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
143 https://doi.org/10.4236/as.2010.12011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027073664
144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
145 https://doi.org/10.9790/2402-08914043 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074174915
146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
147 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25881.36 schema:alternateName North-West University
148 schema:name Microbiology and Environmental Biotechnology Research Group, Agricultural Research Council - Institute for Soil, Climate and Water, Private Bag X79, 0001, Pretoria, South Africa
149 Unit for Environmental Science and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, 2520, Potchefstroom, South Africa
150 rdf:type schema:Organization
151 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412810.e schema:alternateName Tshwane University of Technology
152 schema:name Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, 0001, Pretoria, South Africa
153 Microbiology and Environmental Biotechnology Research Group, Agricultural Research Council - Institute for Soil, Climate and Water, Private Bag X79, 0001, Pretoria, South Africa
154 rdf:type schema:Organization
155 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442325.6 schema:alternateName University of Zululand
156 schema:name Agricultural Research Council - Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 100 Old Soutpan Road, 0110, Onderstepoort, South Africa
157 Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Zululand, Private Bag X1001, 6886, KwaDlangezwa, South Africa
158 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...